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VOL. 24 JANUARY, 1977 NO.. 1 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


New mercies , new blessings, 

new lights on thy way; 
New courage, new hope, 

and new strength for each day; 
New notes of thanksgiving, 

new chords of delight, 
New praise in the morning, 

new songs in the night; 
New wine in thy chalice, 

new altars to raise; 
New fruits for thy Master, 

new garments of praise; 
New gifts from His treasures, 

new smiles from His face; 
New streams from the fountain 

of infinite grace; 
New stars for thy crown, 

and new tokens of love; 
New gleams of the glory that 

that waits thee above; 
New light of His countenance 

full and unpriced; — 
All this be the joy 

of thy new life in Christ. 

— Frances Ridley Haver gal 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F, Wolf. 


There is nothing like the dawn. The black of night 
gives way to the light; the dark silhouettes of the 
trees receive their colors from the increasing light 
of the sun j the sky brightens, and the stars fade and 
disappear. A new day is born. The, excitement and 
freshness of the early morning soon fades, and we have 
another ordinary day — another time to do our work, 
and so it passes, 

A new year also dawns upon us. There is a certain 
freshness about a new calendar, learning to write the 
new date and getting- used to its sound. Before long, 
however, the newness of the year with new resolves, 
new opportunities, and exciting potential gives way to 
regular patterns of living. But there are some n new 
things" that we can take hold of.' They don't have to 
grow old or ever become dull or "regular." 

How we like to have new things — new clothes, new 
homes, tools, furniture— new friends, new gardens, 
flowers, new babies, new pets, new foods and on and on. 
But some of these things wear out and grow old and 
even die. 

We are living in a new era under a New Covenant. 
The New Testament (or Covenant) is now "older" than 
the Old Covenant was when the new was given. But it 
is still new because it is the best and ultimate of 
God's plans for His people. in this life. It never 
grows eld, while the old or first covenant did grow 
old and wear out. Hebrews 8:13 says, "In that he saith 
saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first eld. 
Now that which decayeth and waxeth old Is ready to 
vanish away." 

Early in Jesus r ministry He gave the people the 
parable of the new patch en old material and the new 
wine in old bottles. New material used to patch an 


old garment would shrink and pull causing the old ma- 
terial to tear again. New wine in old, brittle wine- 
skin bottles would ferment and break the bottles and 
spill the wine. He was being questioned about His 
new ways. Jesus and His disciples did not conform to 
the old patterns* The disciples of John and of the 
Pharisees would fast and "make, prayers' 1 — perhaps 
public prayers. Jesus did not condemn those practices — 
in fact He said there would be fasting later. But He 
told them by this parable that He was bringing a new 
way and it could not be limited and contained by old 
customs and old habits. His new way was so new 'that 
He told Nicodemus, a ruling Pharisee, that men must 
be born again or they could not see and enter the 
Kingdom of God. New wine must be put in new bottles, 
and Jesus 1 new way would have to be contained in new- 
born men and women — born of the Spirit. 

We might notice that in Jesus ! comparisons , the 
bottles and the cloth were not so dramatically dif - 
ferent but new. He did not come to tear down and 
destroy what He had first given them, but to fulfill 
and renew and give something better. See Matthew 5: 
17, 18. In Jesus' new doctrine, the motives and inten- ■ 
tions of the heart are important; the spirit of the - 
law and not just the letter. 

The new covenant was prophesied centuries before 
by the prophet Jeremiah. He said in Jerimiah 31:31-34, 
"Behold, the days come, saith the Lord,, that I will 
make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with 
the house of Judah... But this shall be the covenant 
that I will make with the house of Israel; after those 
days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward 
parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their 
God, and they shall be my people... for I will for- 
give their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no 
more." The writer of the book of Hebrews- places this 
prophecy right in the time of grace — the new covanant 
which is ours today. 

With this new covenant comes a new commandment. 
Jesus said, n A new commandment I give unto you, That 


ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye al- 
so love one another." (John 14:34) • Paul explains in 
Romans 13:8-10 that this love is the fulfilling of 
the law, and that the commandments are comprehended 
in this one, "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." 

This love is so basic to the new covenant. It is 
the same love God has for us. "But God commendeth 
his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, 
Christ died for us." (Romans 5:8) He commands us now 
to love like this — to love those that hate us or 
would be our enemies. Love is a positive force we 
can have. It does not wait for one who will love in 
return but reaches out to all — even those who have 
wronged us. God's love (and the Christian's) does 
not depend on the deserving of the one loved. If it 
were not so, where would we be in God's plans? Jesus 
said, "Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou 
shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But 
I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that 
curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray 
for them which de spitefully use you, and persecute 
you; That ye may be -the children of your Father which 
is in heaven..." (Matthew 5:43-45) 

We are instructed in I Corinthians 5:6-8 to be 
"a new lump" (of dough). We are to purge out "the eld 
leaven." "Therefore let us keep the feast, not with 
the old leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the 
unleavened bread ef sincerity and truth." No wonder 
this is called "a new and living way." (Hebrews 10:20) 

With each new period of time God gives us new op- 
portunity. We need not repeat the mistakes of the 
past or have the same experiences over and over again. 
We can, by God's grace, "turn over a new leaf." 
"Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new crea- 
ture; old things are passed away; behold, all things 
are become new." (II Corinthians 5*17) 

Will we settle down Into the same old mold, the 
same old mistakes, the same defeats? Or will we allow 
the Spirit of God to work that new life in us? The 
new life in Christ is still new no matter how long we 

(Continued on page 15) 


Ephesians 5-25 , 

"Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also 
loved the church, and gave himself for it." 

The Christian home was designed to be a place where 
the beauty and power of Christ will be seen and felt* 
The Apostle lays the first responsibility on the 
Christian husband. We husbands, young and old, should 
memorize this precious Bible portion as from the Lord 
Jesus Himself. We must ever hold high this perfect 
pattern of Christ's love for His church. 

The word "church" soon suffers badly when used apart 
from Christ. Wrong conceptions of it are often formed 
in young minds that lead away from Ghrist. let us use 
the word with care. Our Lord's eternal love life cen- 
ters upon His own beautiful church, His chosen and 
future bride. In Revelation 19:9, the future marriage 
supper of the Lamb is declared to be the "true sayings 
of God." Nor is it to be a small affair. His re- 
deemed ones out of every "kindred and tongue and peo- 
ple and nation" from twenty centuries of time at least 
will be there. We read of a "great number that no man 
could number." "What wondrous love is this, G my 
soul?" - '-/' 

It is to this end that the Christian husband is to 
love his wife and children. For this purpose lie gives 
himself to the glorious hope of each one being present 
at that time. 

hany Bible pages will be turned and many precious 
promises garnered as Christian husbands study Christ's 
love for His church. The indwelling Holy Spirit will 
bring an answering glow of heart love within for that 
precious wife of his choosing. Such perfect love casts 
out the fear of waning love, of broken homes and sul- 
lied innocence. The wife's answering love will com- 
plete the picture "And his wife hath made herself 
ready." (Revelation 19:7) 

The author saw the Christian home in a heavenly love 
chain relationship, starting with God the Father, 


through the Son, through the husband, through the wife 
to each child of the home. A delegation of authority 
and power is seen down this love chain to bring up the 
child in the way he or she should go, Christ respond- 
ed with "loving obedience" to His Father. Christian 
husbands respond with loving obedience to Christ, 
wives to husbands, and children to mother in their 
first formative years. 

"As Christ loved the church" is also moted by John 
13-1. Here Christ, "having loved his own which were 
in the world, he loved them unto the end . " Satan to- 
day is heavily attacking at this point. The supposed 
Christian husband casually announced to his pastor, 
f, I have lost my love for my wife. I don't love her 
any more." The pastor responded, "Then get down on 
your knees and confess this your great sin to God." 

Natural loves are often shallow, fickle, and easily 
turned aside. But the time-honored and Bible-honoring 
marriage vow "until parted by death" has Christ's love 
for His church as its perfect pattern. Like Christ, 
the Christian husband will love his own wife unto the 

Christ's pure eternal love for His church has as- 
tounding negatives; "... none of those men which 
were bidden shall taste of my supper." (Luke H:24) 
n * . . Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting 
fire, prepared for the devil and his angels." (Matthew 
25:4-1 ) We must always keep the two alternatives of 
heaven or hell in mind. 

Present and daily salvation is found in Christ's 
disciple prayer "Deliver us from evil." Today r s 
Christian husbands and wives desperately need to be 
daily "delivered from evil". The "Spoiler" is indeed 
abroad to corrupt and destroy, if it is at all possi- 
ble, the sanctified homes of God's very elect. 

I wonder if any Christian can face a "frowning 
world" and its great avalanche of attending evils to- 
day without a definite heart cry to God. Jesus waits 
for you in your prayer closet and those special "alone" 
times with Him. Relieve yourself there, naming to Him 
your distressing doubts, fears and vexations. Here, 


too, is the place to confess sin and pray for forgive- 
ness. Submit to the chastening strokes of the Holy 
One within. God's uplifted countenance upon you will 
do likewise to your own, and you may "ask and receive , 
that your .joy may be full . H 

Ghristian husband, do you husband your wife with 
Christian faith and love? Her answering loving obedi- 
ence is given you to ennoble your character and to 
bring to fruition your best endeavors in a busy 
Christian life. Your love for her will burn afresh as 
you daily thank God for her. As God's gift to you, 
you must and will love her as you love the Divine 
Giver and as He loves His church. 

—James D. Gover 
Modesto, California 


David Nelson would hardly be a household name among 
those of our many hymn writers. Though he left no 
legacy of hymns, his one hymn commands our interest 
and his life reveals a purpose worthy of our attention. 
The hymn came into being through tribulation and lives 
on to bless others. 

Dr. Nelson lived between the years of 1793 and 1844 
and is said to have been a surgeon in the War of 1812. 
Later, however, he entered the ministry as an American 
Presbyterian preaching In the states of Kentucky and 
Tennessee. Then he went to Missouri to open a planta- 
tion, and it was while living there that he was 
stirred by the evils of slavery, changed his views and 
was "determined to live on roast potatoes and salt be- 
fore he would hold slaves." His stand on the slavery 
question, advocating that Negroes be colonized, 
"brought down the wrath of his slave-holding neighbors, 
and he was driven from his home and pursued through 
the woods and swamps for three days and nights." 

It was after reaching the banks of the Mississippi ' 
River near Quincy, Illinois that the lines of the hymn, 


"My days are gliding swiftly by", began to take form 
as he lay hidden in the bushes till the approach of 
night. His pursuers even separated the branches where 
he was hiding with their gun but they failed to notice 
him. It is recorded that as he lay there in danger of 
being captured at any moment, the land of freedom in 
sight with the swiftly gliding waters between, it was 
from this experience he wrote down the lines of the 
hymn on the back of a letter in his pocket. 

In the providence of God several members of a church 
in Quincy came over in the evening in a canoe and be- 
gan fishing near his hiding place. When they located 
this exactly they gave a signal, and drawing near the 
shore, met him as he rushed down to the water's edge. 
After arriving safely on the Illinois side his surren- 
der was demanded, but he was in a free state and thus 
protected from his enemies. We have no more informa- 
tion regarding Br, Nelson except that before his death 
in 1844, he became interested in missions and was also 
active in the anti-slavery cause of his time. 

His one hymn lives on, and it takes on added mean- 
ing to know that this was born through the experiences 
of a man true to his convictions. It could in part be 
said of him as stated by the apostle, Paul, "I die 
daily. 1 ' The lines of the hymn remind us of the pass- 
t ing of time; that we are "strangers and pilgrims on 
the earth;' 1 and are promised in the end a safe haven 
f*or the faithful when the storms of the present life 
are over. 

The hymn is 449 in the hymn book. In some of the 
hymnals a refrain is included, also in the Quinter 
hymn book of 1867. It is this stanza which suggests 
the title, "Shining Shore." 

For now we stand on Jordan's strand, 

Our friends are passing over; 
And, just before, the shining shore 

We may almost discover. 

The tune associated with the hymn was composed by 
George F. Root in 1859* It is said that the composer, 
in his "Story of a Musical Life", narrates the 


spontaneous way in which the melody sang itself as he 
read the verses in a newspaper. It seemed to him but 
a simple melody, and has been likened to the "peren- 
nial charm' of a folk song. 11 To composer George Root, 
"hundreds of other compositions, now forgotten, were 
better, " but would we not say that no other melody 
could sing itself into the heart as the one called 
"Shining Shore!" 

George Frederick Root was born in 1820 and lived 
till 1895- He is considered to be one of America's 
favorite composers, and besides being a successful 
teacher and conductor, "was one of the most lovable 
characters in the world of music." The music of the 
hymn, "There is a Land of Pure Delight," was one of 
his compositions. 

In one of the hymnals, Joshua 1 ;1 1 is the text be- 
low the title, "Shining Shore," and this is in keeping 
with the theme of the hymn, especially this part of 
the verse; ". ♦ . within three days ye shall pass 
over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which 
the Lord your God giveth you to possess it." This is 
truly a pilgrim hymn which ends with a note of triumph, 
and one receives a blessing in the singing of it 
whether alone or with the "congregation of the saints." 
This is said to have been tue favorite hymn of henry 
Ward Beecher. Yes, after more than a hundred and 
fifty years these lines still ring true and are thus 
contemporary with our times. 


My days are gliding swiftly by, 

And I a pilgrim stranger, 
Would not detain them as they fly — 

Those hours of toil and danger. 

We* 11 gird our loins, my brethren dear, 

Our heavenly home discerning; 
Our absent Lord has left us word, 

Let every lamp be burning. 

Should coming days be cold and dark, 
We need not cease our singing; 


That perfect rest naught can molest 
Where golden harps are ringing. 

Let sorrow's rudest tempest blow, 

Each chord on earth to sever, 
Our King says come, and there's our home 
For ever, oh, for ever! 

— Miriam E. Hansom 
Dayton, Ohio 


He Is the Savior I Hark, ye men! 
He saved us from hell ! s fire and flame. 
Though we were lost, and doomed to die, 
He bore the cross! Who can deny 
His all-inclusive love for man? 
Though mighty power was In His hand, 
His life was humble — curious blend 
Of God and Man — for God, for men. 

He is the Shepherd. We — His sheep — 

Must follow where He'd have us go: 

To pastures green, to mountain's shade 

And streams serene. For this we're made, 

To fully put our trust in Him, 

Obeying fully to the end. 

Though storms arise, with terrors deep, 

His fold will rest His weary sheep. 

He is the Gr oom . The Church — His bride — 

Must keep its purity for Him. 

Yea, keep her pure! Though Satan rail, 

She must endure, must never faill 

Regard Christ's holy bride with awe! 

Present her perfect, without flaw! 

The Groom stands waiting, just outside; 

Present to Him a spotless bride. 


He is the Heir , of Heav'n and Earth; 
From Heaven's lofty throne He came. 
Heir of all things — the richest heir 
(This world's kings would small compare.) 
Did He the valued treasures save? 
Freely He offered, freely gave 
He to the poorest of the earth 
The golden key to second birth. 

He is the Rock , the steadfast Rock, 

The true Foundation for our livesj 

Oh, build upon this Rock of God — 

His Cornerstone — not on the sod; 

And Satan T a storms, though they beat 'round, 

Will beat in vain: this Rock is sound. 

Death cannot kill, but only mock, 

If we build well upon that Rock. 

He is the Vine, the Living Vine, 

Which would through us produce much fruit. 

If we — the branches — join that Vine 

And grow attached, in time we'll find 

A harvest to exceed all bounds; 

We'll not lie useless on the ground. 

Yea, all who would true pleasure find 

Must draw their strength from that blest Vine. 

That mighty Savior came to Earth, 

Not as a king, but as a babe} 

Though Shepherd strong, with staff in hand, 

He lived so long a lowly lamb, 

And died not as a Groom , nor Heir , 

But as the meekest servant there. 

That Rock of strength, of power and worth 

Gave up its power to save the earth! 

That Vine of God, the saving Christ, 
Became a lowly weakened branch. 
But, Lol Behold what fruit it bore, 
Worth more than gold: the sinner's door 


It opened wide! On bended kne'e, . 
Praise Him throughout eternity! 
Who fought our war? Who paid the price? 
The Prince of Peace , our blessed Christ! 

--Stanley K. Brubaker 
Nappanee , Indiana 


Matthew 24:32,33 

"Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his 
branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye 
know that summer is nigh." 

Jesus is telling His disciples what to expect in 
the end times. In the parable of the fig tree summer 
is referring to the second coming of Christ. 

In the first part of the chapter He warns us not to 
be deceived. He says, "For many shall come in my name, 
saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many." Verse 5. 
"And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive 
many." Verse 11. He also says there shall be much 
wickedness and a great falling away. There shall be 
great tribulation for the saints. 

Again He warns us not to be deceived. "For there 
shall arise false Christ s, and false prophets, and 
shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if 
it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect." 
Verse 2U* Then He says, "But as the days of Noe were, 
so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as 
in the days that were before the flood they were eat- 
ing and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, un- 
til the day that Noe entered into the ark." Verses 31 
and 38. 

When have we seen more drunkenness and idolatry, 
earthquakes, pestilences and famines, iniquities and 
wickedness, and the love of mny waxing cold? Surely 
the fig tree is budding now, and soon It will be in 
full leaf. 


Are we ready for that day? Or will we be like the 
two in the field; "the one shall be taken, and the 
other left" or the two women "grinding at the mill, 
the one shall be taken, and the other left?" We must 
be ready at all times j "for in such an hour as ye think 
not the Son of man cometh. " 

May we be that blessed servant, "whom his lord when 
he cometh shall find so doing." May we not be like the 
servant that sayeth, "My lord delayeth his coming." 
"The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he 
looketh not for him and in an hour that he is not' aware 
of, And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his 
portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping 
and gnashing of teeth." 

— Thomas Royer 
Nappane e , Indiana 


We desire to express our heart-felt thanks and 
appreciation for all the prayers, cards and money, 
letters and visits from our loved ones, friends' and 
neighbors while in the hospital and at home. Vie are 
grateful for your continuing prayers, 

V r e pray that God will richly bless each and every 
one of ycu. 

In Christian love, 
Elmer and Rosa Brovont 

The Bible places great importance upon Christians 
being one in h^art and soul. Love draws together.' 
Hate pulls apart. Jesus came to unite two into one; 
Satan came to divide one into two. 

— Young Companion. 


Hollis Flora 7463 Perry St., Horatio Village 
Greenville, Ohio 45331 • 



"And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write; 
These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes 
like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine 
brass; I know thy works, and charity, and service, and 
faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last 
to be more than the first. Notwithstanding I have a 
few things against thee, because thou sufferest that 
woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to 
teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, 
and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. And I gave 
her space to repent of her fornication; and she repent- 
ed not. . . and all the churches shall know that I am 
he which searcheth the reins and the hearts: and I 
will give unto every one of you according to your 
works* But unto you I say, and unto the rest in 
Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which 
have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I 
will put upon you none other burden. But that which 
ye have already hold fast till I come." (Revelation 

This message written to the church at Thyatira was 
the longest of the seven. It describes the group known 
as the "church of compromise" — a church whose members 
were progressing in their works of charity and faith 
(just the opposite of Ephesus) but who tolerated prac- 
tices among Christians which displeased the Lord. 

Thyatira appears to have been a rather unimportant 
city as is evidenced by the dearth of material regard- 
ing its history. The smallest of the seven cities of 
Asia, it was located forty miles east of Pergamum and 
was evidently a sentinel town for that city. However, 
Thyatira was a center of commerce — more trade guilds 
are listed as existing there than in any other Asian 
city. The guild of dyers was especially well known. 
(Lydia, a seller of purple whom Paul met in Fhilippi, 
was from Thyatira. ) In Roman times temples to Apollo 


and Artemis were raised there but were not as famous 
as those of other cities. 

The trade guilds at Thyatira were powerful, and 
their social activities were tied .in with idolatry. 
Since membership In the guilds was recquired, pressure 
to compromise was exerted on the new Christians; thus, 
Satan was attacking this church from within. The most 
notorious example of the misguided tolerance of the 
church was the, acceptance of Jezebel, This woman was 
a leader who, claiming to be a prophetess, taught that 
Christians should be allowed to practice Immorality, 
and she caused so much trouble that she was classified 
with the wife of King Ahab of Israel. This former 
Jezebel, the daughter of the king of Sidon, had en- 
couraged worship of Baal and Astarte in the Northern 
Kingdom of Israel and was finally punished by death, 
as foretold by the prophet Elijah. Jezebel in the Old 
Testament was a .personification of evilj thus, the 
woman of the Thyatira church must have been very wick- 
ed to be compared with such a person. 

It is apparently not known- how long Thyatira ex- 
isted, and it had no. major Influence in later church, 
history. The lessons it needed to -learn still apply . 
to us today: to confess our sins and repent, to hold 
fast to the truth in Jesus Christ and not compromise 
in any way with the temptations of Satan. 

Information from the Bible and Halley's Bible 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


live in Him. Fewness is a characteristic net always 

limited or defined b^ time or duration period. 

Jchn heard God say "Behold I make all things new." 
"And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first 
heaven and the first earth were passed away..." 
Sometime this will be fulfilled. Even now we can have 
a foretasteof the new and better things — the new 
things in Christ that never become old. — L.C. 



This Old Testament character was a hero for Israel 
in his time because he obeyed God and trusted Him for 
victory. He lived in a time when the Midianites were 
vexing and oppressing Israel* They had taken the 
crops and livestock and had left God's people in 
severe need because they had not obeyed God but wor- 
shipped idols. 

An angel spoke to this man and told him he was to 
deliver Israel from the enemies. Gcd told him, "Sure- 
ly I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Mid- 
ianites as one man." This man had seen no miracles 
so he asked for signs to prove that He had actually 
talked to him and he was not dreaming. In answer, 
God sent fire to consume his meat offering. (Another 
time God sent dew to wet a fleece as a sign.) 

Then this man began to act. He cast down the false 
altar to Baal and cut down the grove of trees around 
it as God told him, Then he blew a trumpet and called 
Israel to come to fight the Midianites and the Amalek- 
ites. A great company of 32,000 responded, but God 
said they were too many. He finally chose out 300 
men to overcome the enemy. God had them take lamps 
hidden inside pitchers and trumpets to blew. They 
surrounded the enemy in three companies. At a signal 
they broke the pitchers and blew the trumpets. The 
enemy heard the noise and saw the lights on all sides 
and thought they were overcome. They fled and Israel 
had a great victory. Israel had 40 years of peace 
because this man obeyed God. Read the whole story in 
Judges 6, 7 & 8. 

Fill the blanks to find the name of this man. 

1. ... threshed wheat by the winepress, 

to hide it from the Midianites. (judges 6:11) 

2. Then took ten men of his servants, 

and did as the Lord had unto him. (Judges 6:2?) 

— L.C. 


VOL. 24 FEBRUARY, 1977 NO, 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


When clouds roll dark and breakers crash 

Upon life's angry sea. 

No land .in sight, deep black the night 

And lonely as can be, 

Don't give up hope. Chi don't despair 

When torn sails strain and whip. 

The Hand that sends the storm, dear friend. 

Will also steer the ship. 

Our Captain knows our little strength 
Could never steady hold, 
When tried so hard and pressed so deep 
By winds both strong and cold. 
He r ll stand beside us all the way* 
Our feet will never slip; 

The Hand that sends the storm, dear friend, 
Will also steer the shipl 

Sc hoist the banner! set the sail I 

Lift songs of praise on high! 

Brave hearts can weather any gale 

When God is standing by! 

His strength is sure; He'll hold the wheel 

With sure and steady grip. 

Praise God, the Hand that sends the storms 

Will also steer the shipl 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne, California 

TH EI Pll—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"But God forbid tja&t 1 should glory, save ir, the 
cross of cur i.ord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is 
crucified unto me, and 1 unto tue world* n (Galatians 


This was Paul's method of preaching ana spreading 
the gospel ana convicting the people of sin, by 
preaching the Gross with all its implications, uuc- 
tionized by .tae Holy Spirit. I John 2:20: "But ye 
have an unction front the Holy One . . . " 
The Gross is a revealer of sin, 
Een are constantly using the word "gospel 1 * in a 
sense that is foreign to tae hew Testament; the gos- 
pel of good will and kindness, cf the golden 
rule, cf tne brotherhood of man, of building a hew 
i^orid, etc. All these are not tac gospel of Gcd f s 
grace, tne glorious, everlasting gospel cf Ged's love 
for sinners. 

Let's consider "moralistic preaching. " There are 
some fundamental churches still preaching the truth as 
it is in the Bible. But those who know something a- 
bout the modern churches of today knew that they have 
progressed far into apostasy, and it started a long 
time ago, and they are uniting and moving in one direc- 
tion — to form the "coming world church." 

Much could be said about "moralistic preaching" 
without the full gospel with it. Usually this kind of 
preaching is thin. To illustrate: when the writer 
was much younger, back in the 1920s, a friend asked 
him to go to a certain church with him. The preacher 
gave a "moral sermon" on the life of George Washington 
without saying anything about Christ, the Cross, the 
Resurrection or the Holy Spirit. What is missing 
first of all in just moralistic preaching is a proper 
sense of contrition, a realization of the fact of sin. 


When John the Baptist was here in the world preach- 
ing repentance and baptizing in the river Jordan, on 
one occasion he saw Jesus and exclaimed , "Behold the t 
Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world."* 
(John 1 ;29) Until we grapple with the fact of sin, 
original sin and sin in the heart because of original 
sin, we do not preach the gospel of "The Lamb of God 
who taketh aw^y the sin of the world." 

To us it seems that crime is as bad in the world 
now as it was in the days of Noah. God's judgment will 
fall upon any nation when the cup of its iniquity is 
full. In Genesis 15:16, the nation of the Amorites 
was one the Israelites would conquer and possess the 
land. But God gave them four more generations because 
the cup of their iniquity was not yet -full. Crime de- 
fies laws and courts of justice , just as vice defies 
society and standards of conduct, but sin defies God. - 
"Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this 
evil in thy sight ..." (Psalm 51:4) 

There are some very good types and prophecies in 
the Old Testament regarding the Messiah, such as the 
narrative of the substitute for Isaac on Mount Moriah. 
"And he said, Take noi* thy son, thine only son Isaac, 
whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; 
and offer him there for a burnt offering ..." 
(Genesis 22; 2) Read all the chapter to get the full 
meaning. This was. the type of God the Father giving 
His only begotten Son. "For God so loved the world, 
that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever be- 
lieveth in him should not perish, but have everlasting 
life." (John 3:1 6) 

Then there is the narrative of Israeli redemption 
from Egypt on the passover night and the blood on the 
door posts. (Exodus 12:7) Another example is the sac- 
rifices for sin according to the ritual of the taber- 
nacle. And, most of all, the glorious vision of 
Isaiah 53. Verse 5 says, "But he was wounded for our 
transgressions, he was bruised for cur iniquities: the 
chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his 
stripes we are healed." In this chapter is found the 


Gospel of Christ in the Old Testament. We'll receive 
a blessing every time we read and meditate upon it. 

When John the Baptist made that statement, "Behold 
the Lamb of God," he likewise was looking forward in 
anticipation of the full gospel message of Peter and 
Paul and John, I Peter 1:18,19 says: "Forasmuch as 
ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible 
things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation 
received by tradition from your fathers; But with the 
precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish 
and without spot . . . " Romans 3:24,25: "Being jus- 
tified freely by his grace through the redemption that 
is in Christ Jesus; Whom God hath set forth to be a 
propitiation through faith in his blood . . . " In the 
Revelation written by John there are many references 
to the "Lamb of God, " "as it had been slain" worthy to 
receive all glory and honour from those who are washed 
white in His blood, and who overcome by its power. 
Revelation 5:12: ". . . Worthy is the Lamb that was 
slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and 
strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing." 
Revelation 19:12,13: "His eyes were as a flame of 
fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a 
name written, that no man knew, but he himself. And 
he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his 
name Is called The Word of God." Revelation 6:15,17: 
"And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and 
hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, 
and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of 
his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?" 
Revelation 13:8: ". . . the Lamb slain from the foun- 
dation of the world." Revelation 17:14: ". . . for 
he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that 
are with him are called , and chosen ^ and faithful ." 

There are many more scriptures in Revelation and 
elsewhere in the Bible under the word "Lamb" which the 
reader could look up, using a complete concordance, 
read and receive a rich blessing. The Lamb of God 
takes away the sin of the world by first revealing it. 
God does not spare any of the godly men and women in 


the Old or New Testament. Jesus in the gospel record 
reveals sin, condemns sin, convicts of sin and, when 
repented of, forgives sin. 

When Jesus was here, and as He walked the roads of 
Palestine and the streets of Jerusalem, He talked with 
sinners, ate with sinners and was the Friend of sin- 
ners, but was never the friend of sin, but shed His 
own life's blood for its remission. 

We trace the beginning of sin in the human race back 
to the fall in the garden of Eden and from Eden until 
now. In the Bible one reads of the awfulness of sin, 
evil and depravity of the human race . So one could 
say sin and evil has its seat in the soul and consists 
of transgression of, or want of conformity to, the law 
of God. And n the wages of sin is death. " (Romans 6:23) 

Here are seven sins: pride 9 envy, anger, intemper- 
ance, lasciviousness, covetousness, and spiritual 
sloth. These seven sins are with us today. Two may 
belong specifically to the worldling and those with- 
out, but five of them cling to God's people and are 
even found on the sanctuary steps: pride, envy, anger, 
covetousness and spiritual sloth. These are the so- 
called "respectable sins" that only the Gross reveals. 
We are told that public enemy no. 1 is neither igno- 
rance nor defective social environment but sin — which 
is the root of all other evils. 

Let us behold Jesus on the Cross. We see the nails 
driven in His hands and feet, the blood running dowr* 
Isaiah 52:14-: "... his visage was so marred more 
than any man, and his form more than the sons of men." 
Isaiah 53:5: "But he was wounded for our transgres- 
sions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastise- 
ment of our peace was upon him: and with his stripes ve 
are healed." Matthew 26:38: ". . . My soul is exceed- 
ing sorrowful, even unto death." Luke 9:30,31: 
". . . Moses and Elias : Who appeared in glory, and 
spake of his decease which he should accomplish at 
Jerusalem." About his experience on that holy mount 
Peter writes (II Peter 1:16): ". . . we were eye wit- 
nesses of his majesty." And from that same mount the 


divine signal is given that,, with heaven and earth as 
spectators, the awful drama of the dying of the Son of 
God is to begin. He will endure the Cross, despise the 
shame. We see this all the more clearly when Mary a- 
noints His feet with costly ointment. I doubt if Mary 
knew the full import of what she did. And even if she 
acted under a premonition at the time, she did it I 
don't think she understood half of the deep signifi- 
cance of her act. It was God the Lord Who inspired the 
deed in her heart. 

Each step toward Calvary brought Him nearer to the 
sound of singing believers rejoicing in the Blood that 
had been shed for their salvation. In John 8:12 Jesus 
said, "I am the light of the world." Now the light 
that radiates from the face of Jesus as He hung on 
that Cross reveals God's holiness arid love and mercy. 
It penetrates to the depth of the human heart; it pours 
contempt on all our pride, sin and iniquity. It re- 
veals our rebellion in the light of unrequited love. " 
Here, are the first two stanzas of George" Herbert 1 s 

little poem; 

Though 1 fail, I weep; 
Though I halt in pace, 

Yet I creep 
To the throne of grace. 

Then, let wrath remove; 
Love will do the deed ; 

For with love 
Stony hearts will bleed. 

— Raymond Wright sman 
Silver Lake, Indiana 

(To be concluded next issue). . 



Joe Fassler Star Route, Box 152 

Bridgeville, Galif. 95526 



- "Not every one that saith unto me. Lord, Lord, shall 
enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the 
will of my Father which is in heaven, kany will say to 
me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in 
thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and 
in thy name done many wonderful works? And than will I 
profess unto them, -I never knew you: depart from me, 
ye that work iniquity." (hatthew 7:21 -23 ) 

These are solemn words of warning from Jesus Himself. 
It makes us know that it is serious business to profess 
to follow Jesus. These words come near the conclusion 
of the Sermon on the hount. Jesus had taught the peo- 
ple many foundation principles — teachings regarding the 
very heart's motives as well as good deeds that re- 
quired simple obedience. These are both important, and 
neither one stands alone. Our hearts must be right and 
our obedience to Christ must follow our hearts inten- 
tions. It is not enough to profess with the lips be- 
cause God looks on tne heart. 

Romans 10:9,10 says, "That if thou shalt confess 
with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in 
thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, 
thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believe th 
unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is 
made unto salvation." This speaks about a true con- 
fession and a true belief in the heart. When these are 
present, all is well, God's grace is shed on us, and we 
follow Him obediently. To say "Lord, Lord" as Jesus 
described does not necessarily mean this confession is 
from the heart. If we make this confession and then 
are not obedient to the will of the Father, we prove 
that our words were not from our hearts. 

In one of the publications we receive ( The Christian 
Example ) the writer made a comparison something like 

The wedding was over and the bride and groom were 
finally alone. But the bride sat on the far side of 
the seat and nervously said to her new husband, "Take 


me home, I want to go back to my old home and former 
life. I don T t want to live with you yet. I want to 
be your wife but I can't live with you in your house. 
I want to have your name and I really do love you. I 
want you to support me and I want to be able to caU 
on you when I need help. But for now I cannot share 
your life. Someday I want to go to live with you but 
not now." It sounds strange but some do seem to rea- 
son this way. We want to belong to Christ, bear His 
name and accept His benefits, but we don't want to 
live with Him* Someday we will want to go to His home, 
but now we want to live in our own ways. 

This should not be. We cannot claim the name and 
the benefits and privileges if we will not accept the 
yoke, the cross and the responsibilities of the 
Christian walk. Our Christian life must go deeper 
than words and forms and appearances. 

Perhaps we all have a tendency to live double or 
triple lives. We tend to have one set of reactions 
with our brethren, another with unconverted friends 
and perhaps another set at home or when we are alone. 

When we are with brethren it is easy to take part 
in spiritual discussions; Nobody will scoff at our 
faith or ridicule us. We are encouraged and helped by 
those who know the Lord* It is easy to be a Christian 
and live with the Lord on the Lord's toy. 

But the setting changes when we are with unconverted 
friends. Here is a different battlefield. Here is 
where we fail many times. Satan will do all in his 
power to hinder the Christian testimony to unbelievers. 
On the job or in school or on shopping trips we become 
more conscious of our differences from the world. 
Satan would have us tremble and be ashamed to be dif- 
ferent. But if we see the true picture, God will make 
us rejoice and have victory even here. Can we see 
here more clearly the high privilege to belong to the 
Lord? Can we see our unconverted friends with love 
and compassion, and resolve at all cost to help and 
not hinder them to see the light. If we really love 
our friends and ask God for help, our testimony will 

be right and we can live with the Lord in this battle- 
field also. 


Still other problems face us when we" are at home. 
Here we tend to be more selfish. We reason, "After 
all, shouldn't I be able to do as I please here in my 
own home?" Here our real nature shows through as we 
let down our guard and drop our masks of good manners 
and congenial conduct. Here we dare to express our 
irritations and frustrations and take them out on 
those we love most. But it need not be this way be- 
cause God wants to rule our lives here also. \}e can 
take this opportunity to confide in loved ones who 
know us well and understand our weaknesses. Home can 
be the place to recuperate and recharge for the trials 
of a busy world — a rest area from the stream of stren- 
uous travel. Here alone in the prayer closet God will 
remind us of our needs and imps rfecti ens and assure us 
of His directing hand. &t home, we can be healed of 
the wounds and insults received in a competitive world 
where love is scarce. 

Is there really any excuse for being easier to live 
with on the job than at home? Would our companions 
and children have' a different report to give about us? 
Should we be like children who seem to have the best 
conduct at school but at home show need for improve- 

It is the old, old battle to give up ourselves. To 
live with Him, God wants us to give up our wills and 
accept His will. He wants us to have a single, steady 
purpose to glorify Him in every situation. Jesus said 
"No man can serve two masters . .,- . " (Matthew 6:22-24.) 
The new church after Pentecost was characterized by 
"gladness and singleness of heart . 

When we live with Jesus and He lives and reigns in 
our hearts. He will take control in every situation. 
But we must be willing to follow and obey. Jesus 
justly asks the Question of us and all who profess 
His name: u Vhj call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not 
the things. which I say?"- (Luke 6:46) If He really is 
our Lord, then we can live with Him willingly, obedi- 
ently, and victoriously. — L.C. 



RUTH MABEL (FLORA) GARBER, daughter of Jonas and 
Euima (Neher) Flora, was born July 12, 1910 in Miami 
County, Indiana. She departed this life early Monday 
morning, December 13, 1976, at the age of 66 years, 
five months, and one day. 

On July 25, 1926, she answered the call of the 
Master and was baptized and received into the Old 
Order German Baptist Church. It was her endeavor to 
live faithful to the calling of the Lord until she was 
called home by her Master. 

On November 9, '1933, she was united in marriage 
with Raymond Garber. To this union were born three 
sons and five daughters. One daughter died in infancy. 
They lived in Montgomery County, Ohio until 194$, when 
they moved to Miami County, Ohio, living near Covingten 
where she lived her remaining life. 

In June, 1970, she and her companion were baptized 
and received into the Old German Baptist Church. 

Shortly after Thanksgiving Day, 1973, she suffered 
a heart attack and was hospitalized. During her stay 
in the hospital, she called for the elders of the 
church and was anointed with oil. This anointing gave 
her much comfort. This was the third time in her life 
to receive the anointing. 

She leaves to mourn her departure: her beloved 
companion; three sons: Donald of Waveriy, Kansas; 
David of Bradford, Ohio; and Kenneth of Hughson, 
California; four daughters: Thelma Wagner of Bradford, 
Ohio; Kathryn Denlinger of Elida, Ohio; hyvna Frantz 
of Covington, Ohio; and Lois at home. She also leaves 
25 grandchildren. 

She is also survived by: one full sister, Edith 

Bruchey of Covington, Ohio; one half brother, Amos 

Brubaker of Lafayette, Indiana; two half sisters, 

Phoebe Morris of Camden, Indiana and Flossie Rumble of 

Modesto, California; and one step sister, Mary Coning 

of North Manchester, Indiana. 

One grandson and seven half brothers preceded her 
in death. 


She will be missed beyond words by her family, 
neighbors, and many friends. Though she will be 
missed, we must say, M The Lord giveth, and the Lord 
^aketh away, blessed be the name of the Lord." 

The Family 

The Bible is a precious book, 
To you and me 'tis given, 
That as we tread the narrow way 
We search and find sweet Heaven. 

The blessed road f s not always smooth, 
It ! s sometimes rough and thorny. 
But, if we give our Lord the praise 
He'll bless us all our earthly days, 
Will guide us on the journey. 

We will not stoop to looking back 
Across our earthly losses. 
For happiness will be complete 
And well worth all the crosses. 

If I'm the one that's first to go, 
The rest of you, don't sorrow! 
Just work for Christ the best you can 
We '11 meet again tomorrow! 

Mother (Ruth Garber) 

CORNELIUS JONaTHaN FLORA, son of Benjamin and 
Catherine (Peters) Flora, was born near Bo ones Mill, 
Franklin County, Virginia, July 21, 1895 and peace- 
fully passed from this life December 20, 1976, at the 
age of 81 years and 5 months, in the Wayne Hospital, 
Greenville, Ohio, where he had been a patient for one 

As a young man, in 1916, he went to Ohio and found 
work on a farm near Covington, where he became ac- 
quainted with and married Naomi May Kohler, June 10, 
1919. This union was blessed with six children, all 
of whom survive: Woneda (Mrs. Clinton) Sink, Raymond, 
Hubert, Paul, Virginia (Mrs. Kenneth) Peters, and Ann 


(Mrs. Howard) Denlinger. His beloved wife was taken 
away by death March 29, 1929, leaving him with a young 
family to rear. 

April 12, 1931, he answered the call of the Lord 
and was baptized by triune immersion in the Stillwater 
River, becoming a member of the Covington Church of 
the Brethren, to which faith he remained faithful. 

He was married to Pauline Elizabeth Mason April 13, 
1932, near Rocky Mount, Virginia, and nine children 
were born to this union, seven of which survive: 
Ho His, Wade, Etta Mae (Mrs, Russell) Garber, Elda 
(died 194.1 at age 5), Mildred (Mrs. Marlon) Denlinger, 
C. J. Jr. (died 1958 at a^e 19), Thelma (Mrs. Charles) 
Garber, Lucille (Mrs. Keith) Bussey, and Buford. Also 
surviving are his loving wife, 63 grandchildren, 16 
great grandchildren, and two sisters; Fannie (Mrs. 
Charles) Fisher, and Elda (Mrs. Ernest) Neff. Pre- 
ceding him in death were two brothers, C. Newton and 
Marvin, and one sister, Maggie (Mrs. Boss) Mills. 

He was engaged in farming all his life, first at 
Covington and then near Bradford where he moved in 
1945- Just over a year ago he and Mother moved into 
their home near Palestine. 

Daddy had a failing heart condition for several 
years which gradually worsened until he passed away.. 
This condition was complicated by a serious cold which 
caused his admission to the hospital. A few days 
after entering tne hospital he called for the anoint- 
ing with oil In the name of the Lord, which greatly 
strengthened and comforted him. He expressed complete 
confidence in the power of the Lord and was fully re- 
conciled to His will. He said "I've lived a long life 
and I feel my end is near. I'm not afraid to go. 
I'm ready to go." All of the children were able to 
be with him and to assist with his care during this 
last illness. 

Funeral services were very ably and edify Ingly 
conducted at the home and at the Harris Creek Church 
of the Brethren near Bradford, Ohio, December 23 by 
ministers, Delmar Moyer and Howard Griffith. The body 


was laid to rest in the Sugar Grove Cemetery, south 
of Covington, beside his wife May; there to await the 
coming of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, "Who 
shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing 
and kingdom. " (II Timothy 4:1) "And now, little 
children, abide in him ; that, when he shall appear, 
we may have confidence, and not be ashamed before him 
at his coming, " (I John 2:28) 

In behalf of the Family 

Beloved in the Lord, 

To the members and young folks of the Old Brethren 
Church we wish to indicate our deepest appreciation 
for the material assistance, the prayers and many 
acts and expressions of kindness and love so generous- 
ly directed towards us during our past and present 
affliction. May each one be richly rewarded in God's 
own way as we share His blessings together. 

The family also wishes to thank you for your kind 
help and consideration, your prayers and loving con- 

—David and Bessie Huffman and family. 


We thank all our subscribers who have renewed al- 
ready this year. ¥e do not usually send renewal 
notices but would call attention to the expiration 
date beside yeui* name on your Pilgrim envelope. If 
you have friends you think would like to subscribe 
to the Pilgrim please send the names and addresses 
so we can send them free samples. l/ 7 e do not want 
anyone tc feel obligated to pay for this publication 
without ordering It but would like to send it to those 
who wish to receive it regardless of payment. 

— Leslie Cover 



"And unto the angel of the church in Sardls write; 
These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of 
God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou 
hast a name that thou lives t, and art dead. Be 
watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that 
are ready to die: for I have not found thy works per- 
fect before God. Remember therefore how thou hast 
received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If 
therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee 
as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will 
come upon thee. Thou hast a few names even in Sardis 
which have not defiled their garments; and they shall 
walk with me in white: for they are worthy." 
(Revelation 3:1-4-) 

These severe words of warning were given to the 
church at Sardis — a church that was in serious danger 
of losing its status before God, not because of per- 
secution and hardship but because its members were 
lacking in watchfulness, zeal, and, apparently, in 
the Spirit of God. 

Sardis was located fifty miles east of Smyrna and 
thirty miles south of Thyatira. Situated at the foot 
of int. Tmolus and in the center of the Hermus valley, 
Sardis owed much of its importance to the fact that 
it was built on an important highway leading from the 
coast of the Aegean Sea to the interior. 

Sardis was a rich, important city in the ancient 
world. It was the capital of the ancient kingdom of 
Lydia, whosa most famous king, Croesus, ruled in the 
sixth century before Christ. His name is still asso- 
ciated with fabulous riches. This wealth was derived 
from gold wnich was mined from the F&ctolus River, and 
it is believed that the world's first coins were 
minted at Sardis. Besides gold, Sardis was noted for 
its extensive fruit orchards, textile industries and 
jewelry factories. It was the chief seat of 


manufacturing in the Lydian empire; the most important 
of these enterprises were the dyeing and manufacturing 
of delicate wools and carpets. 

During the eras of Greek and then Roman supremacy, 
Sardis declined somewhat and was outshone by Pergamum, 
Ephesus, and probably Smyrna, It was captured and 
destroyed several times by different powers between 
the time of Croesus and the time of Christ but was al- 
ways rebuilt. Then in 17 A.D., during the reign of 
Tiberius Caesar, the city was destroyed by an earth- 
quake, ruining it physically and financially. An in- 
dication of the extent it was damaged is the fact that 
Rome contributed ten million sesterces to help re- 
build it- Sardis was built again but never recovered 
its former glory. 

After Constantinople was made the capital of the 
Eastern Empire, a new road system was built and Sardis 
was bypassed, thus losing some of its importance. 
However, it still continued to be the seat of the met- 
ropolitan bishop of the Lydian province, wMch was 
formed in 295 A.D. A temple to Artemis (Cybele), 
which was built in the fourth century B.C., has been 
excavated, and evidence was uncovered that indicated 
it had been converted to a Christian churcn. Thus, 
Christianity must have had a powerful impact on the 

After the Roman period, Sardis was ruled by the 
Byzantine Empire. By the eleventh century the SeTjuk 
Turks were attempting to conquer the area, and they 
finally succeeded in the fourteenth century. In 1390 
the Hermus valley, which included Sardis, became part 
of the Ottoman Empire. Then in 1402 Tamerlane almost 
completely destroyed the city. Today, only a small 
village, Sart, has survived and is located near the 
site of ancient Sardis. 

Information from the Bible, Halleyts Bible Handbook 
and Encyclopaedia Brittanica . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 



The Book of Job tells about a famous man wh» lived 
l<->ng ago whom God called M perfect and upright." Job 
served God and was concerned for his children that 
they would also do right. God had blessed him very- 
much, and Satan, God's enemy, accused God cf favoring 
Job. He accused Job of serving Gcd just for His 
blessings. He said if Job's blessings were taken 
away, he would curse God to His face . God allowed 
Satan to do this tc see for sure. His oxen and asses, 
she-ep, camels and sons and daughter's were all taken 
away by thieves, a great storm and fire from heaven. 
He was also plagued with sore boils all over his 
body. He was so miserable that he sat down in ashes 
and took a broken piece of pottery to scrape himself. 
But he still would not curse Gcd . 
% Job complained bitterly because he knew he did not 
deserve such trouble. His friends who came to comfort 
him urged him to confess his faults. In the end God 
showed Job great truths about His glory and power 
and restored all Job's blessings. 

This Book reveals the evil character of Satan, and 
tells us that God will not allow him tc win in the 
end even though he makes it miserable for God's people. 

Complete these passages from the Book of Job. 

1. ...What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, 
and shall ?*. . , (Job 2:10) 

2. Though he slay me, yet will ... 

(Job 13:15) 

3. For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he 

shall stand at the latter . 

(Job 19:25) 

4. But he knoweth the way that I take: when he hath 
tried me, I shall . (Job 23:10) 

5. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the 
earth? declare, if . „ 

(Job 38:4) — L.C. 


VOL, 24 MARCH, 1977 NO. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Lo, I come to do Thy will, 

C God, I come; 
"By Thy Spirit let me dwell, 

God, I ecme. 

Keep me sober and sincere, 

God, I come;. 
Let not Satan interfere, 

God, I come. 


Loving Father, take my hand,, 

God, I come. 
Lead me to that heavenly land, 

God, I come. 

Walk beside me and guide me; 

Help me daily to be holy; 

Oh, I need Thee, yes I plead Thee, 

Let me live to Thy praise, 

Let me walk in Thy ways. 

— Stanley K. Bru baker 
Nappanee, Indiana 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2,00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"And be not conformed to this world: but be ye 
transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may 
prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, 
will of God." (Romans 12:2) 

Of the 286 times the word "world" is used in the 
Bible, 24-0 are found in the New Testament. One use of 
the word "world" refers to this earth while another 
meaning of which we are concerned is used to indicate 
the social systems of the world. It is this world of 
earthly societies that the New Testament warns against. 
Why is there such marked distinction between the 
Church and the World? The answer is found when we 
realise that the Church is influenced by the Holy 
Spirit of God whereas the world is under the influence 
of an opposing spirit. 

The Bible says that God is love (I John 4:16), and 
those that have submitted to God's will are directed 
by the Holy Spirit. On the other hand are those peo- 
ple who are not yielded to the will of God and are 
consequently influenced primarily by the forces which 
oppose God. Another question, which is often put to 
the believer is, "Why does God permit opposition to 
His purpose of creation?" Here the answer is fully 
understandable only when we comprehend the eternal 
purpose of God. 

Jesus often referred to God as the Father. We 
Christian parents have children because we love them. 
Our love is fulfilled when our children of their own 
free will love and respect us. Even when our children 
show disrespect we continue to love them though we may 
have to extend discipline. Our relation to God the 
Heavenly Father is a little on this nature although 
there is a greater issue at stake. This issue in 
which we are involved is one of commitment to God: a 


commitment which transcends any natural relationship "*' 
and which places us within the eternal purpose of God. 

Sometime within the past eons of eternity there was 
one who dared to set himself against God and to chal- 
lenge God's Word. This was the angel Lucifer, better 
known as Satan. Prior to Jesus' atonement Satan seems 
to have had power to go from heaven to earth as he 
chose (Job 2:1,2), and God allowed him to have influ- 
ence and power. The first influence Satan had over 
man is. recorded in Genesis where he tempted the woman 
through sensual desires and by the ultimate temptation 
of aspiring to equality of God. (Genesis 3:5) Here 
the devil told Eve that by partaking of the tree of 
the knowledge of good and evil she should be as a god. 
This is the nature of Satan and is displayed by the 
ungodly mind of the world in their efforts to chal- 
lenge the truth and virtues of God. 

As a result of Eve and Adam yielding to the tempta- 
tion of Satan and partaking of the tree of the know- 
ledge of good and evil the race of man became subject 
to this carnal nature of the world. When Satan was 
cast out of Heaven into the Earth (Revelation 12;9) ; , 
he became furious and intensified his attack against 
God ! s people and purpose. Satan does have spiritual 
influence over the world. Note Jesus 1 words to the 
Pharisee leaders of His time, "Ye are of your father 
the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do." 
(John 8:44) 

God has allowed Satan liberty to influence the 
worldly mind of man. It is easy to see why we must 
shun the trends of tne world, for it is impossible to 
please God if we yield to the influence of Satan. We 
must, as the Apostle Paul writes, n be transformed by 
the renewing of our minds." The renewing of the mind 
can only take place by accepting the atonement of 
Jesus and being born into the Kingdom of God. The 
person who comes out of, the world and is born into 
God's kingdom will receive the Holy Spirit whereby 
they have the power to "prove what is that good, and 
acceptable, and perfect, will of God." 

— Joseph E. Wagner 
Modesto. Cp.I n fn—: o 



To declare the gospel with effect we must point to 
Calvary and the Atonement. This was the central theme 
of the early church and preached by the Apostles and 
church fathers and has come down to our time. God had 
faithful men who accepted it and illuminated it in its 
true Biblical form. It was accepted by Anselm, re- 
affirmed by Wy cliff , Luther and Calvin and many others 
right down the line. Then in 1708 some men desired to 
be a part of the Body of Christ and to keep all the 
commandments of Jesus. John 14*23; ". - . If a man 
love me, he will keep my words; and my Father will 
love him, and we will come unto him, and make our a- 
bode with him. " 

"Rejoice evermore." (I Thessalonians 5:16) We re- 
joice to be a part of that body of believers that 
loves the Lord and keeps His commandments. It is to 
Christian people who looked on Christ on the Cross 
that we owe all our Christian hymns. Ccwper looked 
on the crucified One and meditating wrote "There is a 
fountain filled with blood." When Wesley came face 
to face with the great love of Christ, he sang "Jesus 
lover of my soul", and when Toplady became fully aware 
of the reality of the atonement he cried, "Rock of 
ages cleft for me." 

These to whom much was forgiven loved much. (Luke 
7:4-7) And many of them became the hardest workers In 
His Kingdom. The greatest saints have always felt 
themselves the greatest sinners because they lived and 
prayed under the search light of Calvary I 

meditation on Christ's life and death brings to us 
a personal conviction and contrition and a sense of 
utter moral bankruptcy, and it forever destroys the 
superficial teaching of perfectionism. Judgment must 
begin at the house of God. (I.Peter 4:17) "And he 
shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he 
shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold 
and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an 


offering in righteousness." (Malachi 3:3) We also 
have this instruction, "... but be ye transformed 
by the renewing of your mind . . •" (Romans 12:2) 
Paul's sense of sin grew with his fight for character. 
In the seventh chapter of Romans is this struggle re- 
corded. In Galatians 5:17 Paul is speaking of the 
struggle the Christian has with the flesh, "the spirit 
lusteth against the flesh and the flesh against the 
spirit." Romans 7:24,25: !, wretched man that I am! 
who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I 
thank God through Jesus Christ cur Lord. So then with 
the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the 
flesh the law of sin." Then in Romans 8 he tells of 
a complete victory in Christ. 

Charles H. Spurgeon in his. sermon on "The Fainting 
Warrior" preached January 23, 1859 reveals the secret 
of his own power as an evangelist! Here is a quote 
from that sermon. "I know it is my duty to be perfect, 
but I am conscious I cannot be 2* I know that every 
time I commit sin, I am guilty, . . . that my nature 
is such that I cannot help it.* I feel that I am un- 
able* to get rid of this body of sin and death, and 
yet I know I ought to get rid of it. . . It is my 
agonizing death struggle with my corruption that 
proves me to be a living child of God. These two na- 
tures will never cease to struggle so long as we are 
in this world. The old nature will never give up; it 
will never cry truce; it will never ask for a treaty 
to be made between the two . . . what a fight is thatl 
It would be worth an angel's while to come from the 
remotest fields of ether to behold such a conflict." 

To preach the gospel of repentance in such fashion 
humbles man and exalts God. When we really feel with 
Isaiah that all human'". . . righteousnesses are as 

*These statements are certainly true of man by him- 
self. However, we should not understand that God re- 
quires of us something we cannot do. He offers to, 
help us, and in Him we can have victory. See Romans 
8; Philippians 3:13-15, 4:13; John 15:4-, 5- —L.C. 


filthy rags . . . " (Isaiah 64:6), or with Paul M . . . 
that every mouth may be stopped,, and all the world may 
become guilty before God" (Romans 3:19), then we are 
ready to proclaim, ". . . the righteousness of God re- 
vealed from faith to faith ..." (Romans 1:17) Also 
the message that is based on the doctrine of the atone- 
ment gives us ". . . compassion on the ignorant, and 
on them that are out of the way • • .« (Hebrews 5:2) 
We are touched with the feeling of their infirmity, 
because we too are tempted and have sinned. We remem- 
ber that, but for the grace of God, we too would have 
stumbled and fallen into the pit! 

Jesus on the cross had no sins of His own to suffer 
for, but He saw reflected in His own heart the sin of 
the whole race. He was made sin for us. (II Gorin- 
thians 5:21) No doubt He saw all at once, all God's 
justice, all man's sin, and all God f s love. They 
pierced His side, and there flowed forth blood and 
water. (John 19:34) 

Lamb of God, that takest away the sin of the 
world, hear our prayer I 

Be of sin the double cure, 
Cleanse me from its guilt and power. 
Nothing in my hand I bring, 
Simply to Thy cross I cling. 

Consider the nature of the suffering and death by which 
the atonement was made: the holiness and worth of the 
Sacrifice. Remember that none of the saints now in 
Heaven have had any other atoning sacrifice. He of- 
fered one sacrifice for sins forever. (Hebrews 10:12) 

In Revelations 1 :8 we find a clear avowal of His 
own nature and eternal existence. "I am Alpha and 
Omega, the beginning and ending, saith the Lord, which 
is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. n 

How happy is the lot of the Christian who under- 
stands that his salvation is rooted in the nature" of 
Christ, and that it is therefore as eternal and en- 
during as is the existence of the Saviour Himself I 
When you came to the cross to find salvation through 


the merit and grace of the redeeming "Lamb of God"., 
you were not deluded by some imposter whose name and 
fame shall pass one day from the memory of men. In- 
stead, you came to cast yourself into the capable and 
strong hands of the "God Who" not only created the 
earth, but Who died to be its Redeemer. When the 
heavens and earth that make up the present order shall 
dissolve with fervent heat and melt away, the soul 
that is fixed on Jesus Christ will, find itself un- 
shakeable , immovable , eternally safe . 

— Raymond Wright sman 
Silver Lake, Indiana 


Matthew 7:3-5) 

"And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy 
brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that Is 
in thine own eye? Or now wilt thou say to thy broth- 
er, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, 
behold, a beam is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, 
first cast out the beam out, of thine own eye; and then 
shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of 
thy brother's eye," 

Probably the reason Jesus found it necessary to 
teach the people this parable is that while He was' 
among them, He saw that they tended to act towards 
one another much as we do today. 

I think He is saying, "Why do you pick on one an- 
other and find fault with one another about small and 
insignificant things when you are doing something 
wrong that is significant and should be straightened 

For when we see or hear of someone doing or saying 
something that we don'u exactly agree with, no matter 
how small it Is (a mote), immediately we want to tell 


him that he Is wrong, without trying to think of it 
from his angle or thinking of whether we are possibly 
doing the same thing or maybe something much worse (a 
beam). For if we have a beam in our eye and try to 
pull a mote out of our brother '& eye, he will probably 
only see the beam in our eye and will not accept ad- 
vice from us anyway. 

Also, Jesus said, "With what judgment ye judge, ye 
shall be judged." So we must be careful how we judge 
when we see a mote in someone else's eye — whether it 
is a mote or whether we just think it is. And yet we 
have an obligation to help someone if we can- For 
Jesus says, "Moreover if thy brother shall trespass 
against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee 
and him alone ..." Here also when we see someone 
trespass or see a mote in someone's eye, instead of 
telling him, we like to tell others* But it doesn't 
do any good, only harm, unless we tell the person him- 
self. For often, when we tell others about something 
that someone did wrong, whether it is true or not and 
he finds out we were telling other people about it, it 
will cause hard feelings between you and him, and you 
won't be able to pull a mote out of Ms eye, whether 
there is a beam in yours or not. 

I've heard a saying; "If you don't; have anything 
good to say about a person, just don't say anything 
about him. " And I think we would probably all be 
better off if we would follow more closely what this 
saying teaches. 

Also, we must tell them because we want to help 
them and not because we want to prove them wrong and 
us right, or to get even, etc. Here also if we go to 
someone with one of these attitudes they will only see 
it as a beam in our eye. 

First we must look into our own lives and see if 
there is a beam or even a mote to get out. For if we 
would try to pull a mote out of a brotner'a eye while 
we have a beam in our own eye, Jesus would also be 
saying to us, "Thou hypocrite." Now hypocrites are 
always condemned in the Scriptures. For instance, in 


Matthew 24:51 it says, "And shall cut him asunder, and 
appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there 
shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth." 

So whenever we see a mote in someone's eye, let's 
not judge against him in our hearts or try to pull it 
out right away. But first, let's turn our attention' 
to our own lives and see if there are any beams to 
cast out. So that on the judgment day we may be found 
acceptable and not have our place with the hypocrites. 

— Jonathan Martin 
Nappane e , Indiana 


January 19, 1977 

To all of our Dear Ones in North America, we send 
you greetings from Brazil in the name of Jesus our 
blessed Redeemer Mho lived and died and rose again and 
ascended to the Father to make intercession for us. 
Vfc think of all of you often and trust you are enjoy- 
ing health, happiness and peace. 

The soybeans and rice are planted and up and look- 
ing good so far. We do all we can but God ^ives the 
increase. Wade has cultivated some of the soybeans 
and hopes to start cultivating again. We had a wet 
November and December so made planting later than 
usual. The Brazilians §&y it wstba wettest they had 
ever seen it. November is our wettest month. Our 
rains usually come in the afternoon or at night. Cf 
course there are exceptions to the rules as there have 
been this year. 

The dirt roads were pretty bad and most of them had 
just been regraded around here, so that made them a 
lot worse. On a road that has been here' for years or 
has been packed, you can go through water and hot get 
stuck. The new road into town is all graveled and 
they keep it up real well. They plan to black top it 
in the future. 


We are enjoying fresh vegetables from the garden 
and truly thank God for them. We are having radishes, 
lettuce, swiss chard, carrots, sweet corn, green beans, 
cucumbers, squash and tomatoes. We just keep planting 
garden so hope to have fresh vegetables year round. 
The next time I plant, I Ml plant other kinds of veg- 
etables. We have some vegetables like peppers, shu- 
shu (a Brazilian vegetable that grows on vines on a 
trellis), squash and a climbing bean, whose pods are 
^edible, that you don't have to replant. 

Wade and a fennonite neighbor, Harold Dirks, are 
putting 350 acres of rice out on a doctor's fozenda 
(farm) for two years and the second year they plant 
improved pasture. They don't have to pay rent to farm 
this and get all the rice crop. The non-farming 
Brazilians lease their land this way to get it into 
improved pasture for cattle . They have a Brazilian 
hired (that is living there in a stick house with a 
thatch roof and dirt floors) that dusts the ants in 
the rice, plants and cares for squash, watermelon, 
corn, and edible beans. We are canning and eating all 
the corn we want; then the rest will dry in the field. 
They break the tops over on the corn after it is ma- 
ture so the rain doesn't get to the ear. The corn can 
be harvested anytime after it is dry until the next 
wet season which is September or October. We are en- 
joying lots of watermelons. Wade brought home 25 for 
us last week, and Harold got that many or more and 
still have lots there. We'll eat all the squash we 
want, then feed the rest to the pigs. 

We have cattle now and are drinking lots of milk 
and making butter. When we were getting more milk our 
hired man's wife made Brazilian cheese for us. We 
miss the cheese now. Nelson Barros, our hired man, 
pens the calves up in the corral at night so the cows 
have milk in the morning. He milks each morning. We 
have Brahma,, Common Jeer, hallory and Santa Gertrudes 
cattle. Having cows makes us open gates every time 
we go in and out our lanes. On the lane to the east 
we have 3 gates: our gate, ours and Harold's line 


gate, and Harold's gate where we. eventually hope to 
have all cattle guards. The south lane has U gates. 

The men vaccinated the cattle today but didn't get 
all done. It is a requirement down here to vaccinate 
your cows every four months for foot and mouth disease, 
etc. They were also branding some that weren't branded 
last time. 

\fe really appreciate our hired man and he is a real 
honest, hard working man. We are thankful to have him 
as he has really been a big help in getting some of 
the things done that go with settling again. We had 
a house built for him of tiled and plastered walls, 
tile roof and cement floors. It is 18 T by 24.' and has 
four rooms; kitchen, living room and two bedrooms. 
They have a family of four children, the oldest six 
years. They all sleep in one room and their living 
room furniture consists of one wooden bench, and the 
kitchen has a wooden bench, floor to ceiling cupboard 
and the Brazilian stove. They do their dishwashing 
and clothes washing outside in the beca. They wash 
their clothes by hand and hang them on the -barbed wire 
fence. Then they don't have to use clothes pins. 
They scrub their clothes with soap, then beat them on 
a board. They really get them clean. A beca is a dug 
out water way off the stream that flows close to the 
house for their water supply. Some have a hollowed 
out palm log that the water flows through where they 
wash their dishes, etc. We have a beca of brick and 
cement between the open porch and carport that is 7 T 
'long. The water is piped underground through a 4" 
pipe from the storage tank, flows into the beca and 
goes out a 4" drain pipe and underground to the pond. 
It flows constantly. We control the depth of the 
water in the beca by putting in different lengths of 
pipe at the drain. We don't use ours for dishwashing 
but they are really handy and nice to have. 

Nelson's house is painted inside and out. This is 
the nicest house they've ever had. They are a happy 
and contented people. And we, as Americans, are we 
thankful for all that God has given us or do we grumble 


and complain? God has promised us food and clothing 
and when we visit the Brazilians we realize how small 
that would need to be. Of course there are lots of 
rich Brazilians too. We Americans have been blessed 
so far beyond what God has promised us that our lux- 
uries become necessities. We live in an average 
American home here and when the Brazilians come they 
look and look and they think we are rich. A lot of 
the things we have, they don't even know what they are 
or what they are for. We must be very careful as I 
think we are all living as the rich man was in the 
Bible. If you want to know how rich you are, come 
visit us and see how some of the people live here. It 
makes us realize how richly God has blessed us above 
our deserving and how thankful we should be. May we 
all use our material things that God has given us in 
a way that would be pleasing to our Heavenly Father. 

Wade and Violet Flora and Family 
(To be continued.) 


We, the members of the Old Brethren of our Eastern 
District have chosen April 16 and 17 for a spring Com- 
munion date at the Wakarusa meeting house, the Lord 
willing. We extend a hearty invitation to members and 
friends to be with us at that time, 

— Elmer Brovont 

The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will 
be held this year, the Lord willing, en May 27-29 at 
the Salida meeting house, Salida, California. Friday 
the 27th will be council day. Saturday and Sunday 
(Pentecost) will be public preaching, and Saturday 
evening will be the Communion service. A hearty invita- 
tion and welcome is extended to all of our members and 
friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 




* "And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia 
write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is 
true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, 
and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; 
I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an . 
open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a 
little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not 
denied my name. Behold, I will make them of the syn- 
agogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, 
but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and wor- 
ship before thy feet, ana to know that I have loved 
thee. Because thou hast kept the word cf my patience, 
I also will keep thee from the hour cf temptation, 
which shall come upon all the world, to try them that 
dwell upon the earth. Behold, I come quickly: hold 
that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown." 
(Revelation 3:7-11 ) 

The church at Philadelphia, like. Smyrna, was given 
nc criticism by John. Instead, words of encouragement 
and exhortation to remain faithful were written. Some 
historians believe that the church there was compar- 
atively small with few members from the wealthier 
classes. According to Halley, however, there remained 
in Philadelphia a group of Christians during the Moslem 
invasions and persecutions, through the Middle Ages 
and down into modern times. 

Philadelphia was a city of Lydia founded by a king 
cf Pergamum, Attalus II Philadelphus (159-138 B.C.). 
It was built on the Cogamus River, a branch cf the 
Hermus, at the junction of Mysia, Lydia and Phrygia 
and was located 28 miles southeast of Sardis. This 
location was designed to encourage the growth of Greek 
culture and language in the iinatolian region. The 
fertility of the soil in this area has been a major 
factor in its continuous habitation through the cen- 
turies. During Roman times it was an important vine 


growing district and therefore a center of worship of 
Dionysius . 

In 1 7 A.D. the great earthquake that ruined Sardis 
also destroyed Philadelphia, which was built right a- 
bove the fault. For twenty years following this 
Philadelphia suffered recurrent quakes. It is thought 
by some that the phrases used by John refer to these 
times of trouble: "Him that overcometh will I make a 
pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no 
more out . . . and I will write upon him my new name . " 
(Revelation 3:12) The M pillar in the temple" may have 
reference to the fact that there were many heathen 
temples in the city. As a center of Greek culture, 
Philadelphia was sometimes called "little Athens." 
People were honored by inscribing their names on a 
pillar in one of these temples. It was common to flee 
the city until the threat of danger from earthquakes 
was past, then return and rebuild as necessary — "he 
shall go no more out." Halley states that the "new 
name" at the end of verse 12 refers to the suggestion 
to rename Philadelphia Neocaesarea in honor of Tiberius 
for his generous contributions to earthquake relief. 

After Rome fell, the area was ruled by the 
Byzantines and finally fell to the invading Turks 
after a long struggle in the fourteenth century. 
Today Philadelphia is inhabited by about fifteen thou- 
sand people, some of which still profess Christianity. 
It is known by its Turkish name, Allah Shehr, which 
means "the city of God." 

Ipf ormation from the Bible and Halley T s Bible 
Handbook . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto , California 


Two sisters, Naomi Christine born November 24 j 1964, 
and Sarah Emily born April 1, 1972, were adopted by 
Albert and Carol Ernst at Nappanee, Indiana on Novem- 
ber 20, 1976. 



Thy Word is quick and powerful,, Lord, 
And sharper than a two-edged sword; 
Piercing spirit and soul apart , 
Knowing the thoughts of every heart . 

By Thy great Word the worlds were framed; 
(And not by chance , as men have claimed) 
Thou gave the lands and seas their bounds , 
And set the crbs upon their rounds. 

Thy Word made man and he was whole , 
And he became a living soul; 
And when he sinned and then he fell, 
Thy lfT ord gave hope of T scape from hell. 

Thy Word was made flesh in Thy Son, 
Who came that Thy will might be done, 
And gave His life for fallen men, 
To save our souls from death and sin. 

Thy Word shall never pass away, 
But shall judge men in that great day, 
When we shall stand before Thy throne, 
And there shall reap as we have sewn. 

Thy Wcrd lives ever in my heart; 
Oh may I never from it part, 
But grow in grace and truth and love, 
And rise to reign with Christ above* 


Thy Word was in the beginning, 
Thy Word shall still stand at the end; 
Thy Word has saved us from sinning, 
Thy Word has made Jesus our friend. 

"To the glory of GodF 

Hollis Flora 
Greenville, Ohio 


TEST AT MT. CARMEL I Kings 17 &18 

One cf the mcst famous of the Old Testament prophets 
was Elijah. And one of his mcst famous acts was the 
test of the prophets cf Baal at Mt. Carmel. God had 
pronounced,, through Elijah, a period cf no rain in 
Israel. The dry spell was now in the third year, and 
King Ahab was becoming desparate. Elijah had simply 
announced tc Ahab: "As the Lord God of Israel liveth, 
before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain 
these years, but according to my word." (I Kings 17:1) 
Then he went away. Ahab hunted for him in every coun- 
try but could not find him. Suddenly, at God's command, 
Elijah returned and told Ahab that it was because of 
his forsaking God and following an idol that God was 
punishing the people with a : drought and famine. He 
told Ahab to gather the people together with the 450 
prophets of Baal at Mt. Carmel to prove to them who was 
God. Elijah told the prophets of Baal there to prepare 
a sacrifice and he would prepare one, and the God that 
answered by fire on the altar would be their God. The 
prophets of Baal tried in vain to get the idol to an- 
swer. They cried and cut themselves and leaped upon 
the altar- but nothing happened. 

Then Elijah called the people to him. He repaired 
the altar of the" Lord, prepared the offering and then 
had the people soak it with water three times. When 
na called on God, fire came down and consumed the wood, 
the sacrifice and even the altar and the water and the 
dust. The people cried, "The Lord, he is God," and 
fell on their faces. They seized all the prophets of 
Baal and turned back to God. And God sent them rain. 

Fill the blanks in these verses about Elijah. 

L. "...How long halt ye between two ? If the 

Lord be God, him: but If Baal be God, 

him." (I Kings 18:21) 

2. "Hear me, Lord, hear me, that this may 

know that thou art the Lord God, and that thou hast 
turned their back again, (verse 37) — L.C. 


VOL. 24 APRIL, 1977 NO. 4 

n Deariy beloved, 1 beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


It was alone the Saviour prayed 

In dark Gethsemane; 
Alone He drained the bitter cup 

And suffered there for me. 

It was alone the Saviour stood 

In Pilate's judgment hall; 
Alone the crown of thorns He wore. 

Forsaken thus by all* 

Alone upon the cross He hung 

That others He mipht save; 
Forsaken then by God and man, 

Alone, His life He gave. 

Can you reject such matchless love? 

Can you His claim disown? 
Come, give your all in gratitude, . 

Nor leave Him thus alone,. 

Alone, alone, 

He bore it all alcne; 

He gave Himself to save His own, 

He suffered, bled and died alone, alone. 

By Ben H. Price 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 

Acts 26:8 

The manner in which Paul asked this challenging 
question of King Agrippa shows that he considered it 
obvious that God would raise the dead. And that he 
was confident that King Agrippa was sufficiently ac- 
quainted with the Old Testament prophets and their di- 
vine authority that he should have no doubt about the 
resurrection; for he said, "King Agrippa, believest 
thou the prophets? I know that thou believest." 

Why should it be thought a thing incredible with 
anyone who believes in God and His creation of the 
world, that He would raise the dead? The resurrection 
should be as obvious to us as it was to Paul and 
Agrippa. "For if we believe that Jesus died and rose 
again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God 
bring with him." (I Thessalonians 4s H) Paul also said 
to King Agrippa, "Having therefore obtained help of 
God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small 
and great, saying none other things than those which 
the prophets and hoses did say should come : That 
Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first 
that should rise from the dead, and should show light 
unto the people, and to the Gentiles." (Acts 26;22,23) 

Again to the Corinthians he wrote, "For I delivered 
unto you first of all that which I also received, how 
that Christ died for our sins according to the scrip- 
tures: And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the 
twelve: After that, he was seen of above five hundred 
brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto 
this present, but some are fallen asleep." In all 
these quotations from the teaching of the Apostle Paul 
concerning Christ and the resurrection, it will be seen 


that he constantly appeals to the Old Testament 
prophets for his authority and doctrine. 

Even Jesus said to the two doubting disciples on 
the road to Bnmaus, "0 fools, and slow of heart to be- 
lieve ALL that the prophets have spoken: Ought not 
Christ to have suffered these things , and to enter in- 
to his glory? And beginning at hoses and all the 
prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures 
the things concerning himself. . . And he said unto 
them, These are the words which I spake unto you, 
while I was yet with you, that all things must -be ful- 
filled, which were written in the law of hoses, and in 
the prophets, and In the psalms, concerning me." 

When Adam and Eve were driven out of Paradise be- 
cause of transgression, God said to Adam, "In the 
sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou re- 
turn unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken; 
for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return." 
"And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred 
and thirty years: and he died." 


But, "IF A kaN DIE, SHaLL HE LIVE: AGAIN?" Job is 
the first recorded to have asked this question, and 
the first recorded In the Bible to have received the 
answer, for he said, "1 know that my redeemer liveth, 
and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the 
earth: And though after my skin worms destroy this 
body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: Whom I shall 
see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not" 
another." (job 19:25-27) 

We are told that Abraham had faith in God, account- 
ing that he was able to raise up his son Isaac — even 
from the dead: "from whence also he received him in a 
figure." (Hebrews 11 :19) The prophet Isaiah says, 
"He will swallow up death in victory; and the lord God 
will wipe away tears from off all faces." (25:8) and, 
"Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body 
shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in 
dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the 
earth shall cast out the dead." (Isaiah 26:19) 


Hosea says, "I will ransom them from the power of 
the grave; I will redeem them from death: death, I 
will be thy plagues; grave, I will be thy destruc- 
tion." (Hosea 13:14) 

Daniel says, "And many of them that sleep in the 
dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting 
life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt." 
(Daniel 12:2) 

The prophet David said in the Psalms, "I have set 
the Lord always before me; because he is at my right 
hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is 
glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest 
in hope. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; 
neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corrup- 
tion. Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy pres- 
ence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are 
pleasures for evermore." (Psalm 16:8-11 ) 

These and other scriptures of the Old Testament were 
sufficient ground for a firm belief and hope in the 
resurrection — even before Christ came into the world. 


When Jesus came, He said, "I am the resurrection and 
the life." "As the Father raise th up the dead and 
quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whpm he 
will." "I came down from heaven, not to do mine own 
will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is 
the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which 
he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but should 
raise it up again at the last day . . . that every one 
which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have 
everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last 
day." (John 6:38-4-0) Jesus proved this power and au- 
thority by reusing the dead during His- ministry. He 
raised the twelve year old maiden to life again; He 
raised the son of the widow of Nain; and then raised 
Lazarus out of the grave after he had been dead four 

Lastly He Himself came forth from the grave on the 
third day after He was crucified and buried. He said, 


"No man taketh my life from me, but I lay it down of 
myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power 
to take it again. This commandment have I received of 
my Father." 

The precautions which the Chief Priests took to make 
the sepulcher "sure" no doubt were prompted by a great- 
er fear than that His disciples would come and steal 
Him away. They said, "We remember that that deceiver 
said while he was yet alive, After three days I will 
rise again." In view of the many miracles which He 
did while He was yet alive, including the raising of 
the dead, they may have had some very grave fears that 
He would indeed rise again. 

Wherever the apostles preached after they were en- 
dued with power from on high, their message was that 
"He is risen, and we are witnesses of his resurrec- 
tion." Peter told the Chief Priests and rulers, "Him, 
being delivered by the determinate counsel and fore- 
knowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands 
have crucified and slain: Whom God hath raised up, 
having loosed the pains of death: because - it was not 
possible that he should be holden of it . . . This ' 
Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses." 
And to Cornelius he said, "We did eat and drink with 
him after he rose from the dead." 

says, "Because I live, ye shall live also." (John H: 
19) Hear the risen Saviour say, "I am he that liveth, 
and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, 
Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death." 
'(Revelation 1:18) "And they sung a new song, saying, 
Thou art worthy to take the bool$ and to open the seals 
thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to 
God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and 
people, and nation; And hast made us unto our God kings 
and priests: and we shall reign on the earth," 
(Revelation 5:9,10) 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 



".and he came to Capernaum: and being in the house 
he asked them, What was it that ye disputed among 
yourselves by the way? But they held their peace; for 
by the way they had disputed among themselves, who 
should be the greatest. And he sat down, and called 
the twelve, and saith unto them, If any man desire to 
be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant 
of all." (Mark 9:33-35) 

Jesus didn't need His question answered to know 
what the disciples were disputing about. He answered 
it in a way that doesn't need much explanation about 
what He meant. 

The disciples were displaying a part of human na- 
ture all of us have to contend with. As we see man 
continually striving for mastery and honor, we assure 
ourselves we are not a part of this; our life would 
prove this. But let's dig a little deeper and see 
what's inside. 

As visible as man's deeds are to us, so is the 
heart visible to God. Jesus rebuked the scribes and 
Pharisees for trying to outwardly be something they 
weren't inside. He taught that to be acceptable to 
God, our heart and thought life must also be in har- 
mony with the Spirit. To live a double standard life 
is hypocritical. There is nothing covered that shall 
not be revealed, neither hid that shall not be known; 
God is not mocked. 

It isn't toe difficult to esteem another better 
than ourselves on the outside while at the same time 
we feel the opposite on the inside. Outwardly we can 
give God the praise for accomplishments while inwardly 
we are feasting on self; outwardly put on forms of 
humility, while inwardly be full of pride, etc. In 
looking at our lesson from this point we may be more 
guilty of having the spirit the apostles had than we 
like to admit. 


There are many ways we can display this spirit and 
not really realize what we are doing: by exposing 
faults cf others, in making a display of our inabil- 
ities, in our attitude towards those who fall in sin, 
or in our attitude towards those whom we feel don't 
live according to the scriptures and call themselves 
Christians. We may instill this spirit in our children 
by living to the world's standards for what it takes 
to succeed in life. It could be we often have prayed 
as the Pharisee, not in the same manner, but in the 
i.ame spirit — when he was thankful he was above that 
poor sinner. 

Not until we are aware of this nature in us can God 
help us in overcoming it; not until we confess it to 
God can we expect victory. (This is true of all sin. ) 
Not until we have victory in this can we truly have 
the peace cf God. 

"And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; 
and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted." 
(Matthew 23:12) 

"For I say, through the grace given unto me, to 
every man that is among you, not to th ink of himself ■ 
more highly than he ought to think ; but to think sober- 
ly, according as God hath dealt to every man the meas- 
ure of faith." (Romans 12:3) 

May our whole spirit, soul and body be preserved 
blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

— Kenneth Martin 
Nappanee, Indiana 


The bleating of lambs and kids, sheep and goats and 
the lowing of cattle were common sounds in the temple 
area of Jerusalem. Through the centuries, thousands of 
animals were slain as sacrifices for sin to make the 
children of Israel acceptable to God according to the 
law. Thousands of little doves and pigeons were brought 
by the poor and slain by the priests. They would wring 
off the head and sprinkle some of the blood on the altar 


and the rest of it at the base of the altar; it was a 
sin offering, 

"There was a man sent from God, whose namfc was John." 
This John the Baptist had a special mission to announce 
the coming of the Son cf God. He was to preach re pen* 
tance, to baptize the people with water, and to watch 
for the sign that would identify the Son of God. Jesus 
came tc Jchn to be baptized , "But John forbad him, say- 
ing, I have need to be baptised of thee, and comest 
thou to me? And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer 
it tc be so new: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all 
righteousness*.." (Matthew 3:14,15) n And John bare re- 
cord, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven 
like a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not: 
but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said 
unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending 
and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth 
with the Holy Ghost. And I saw and bare record that 
this is the Son of God," (John 1:32-34) With this wit- 
ness, John could say positively, "Behold the Lamb cf 
God, which taketh away the sin of the world." 

A lamb is a sacrifice ♦ It meant that to Israel, and 
perhaps to the believers in God ever since Abel offered 
by faith "a more excellent sacrifice" of a lamb. It was 
the ideal sin offering for the children of Israel. (Lev. 
5:1-13) If a man could not afford a lamb, he could 
bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons. Or if he 
was unable to bring these, he could bring "the tenth 
part of an ephah of fine flcur for a sin offering." 
There were still other offerings. Bat when John said, 
"Behold the Lamb of God," the listeners knew what he 
was talking about. 

Jesus came as the Lamb provided by God to die on the 
cross for the sins of humanity. He was an innocent and 
yielded sin offering — the one that God accepted as a- 
perfect and sufficient sacrifice — -the one to which all 
the offerings pointed as the figurative describes the 
true. Isaiah described Him centuries before He came: 
"...he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter... when 
thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin... He shall 
see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied... 


and he bare the sin of many..." "But he was wounded 
for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniqui- 
ties: the chastisement of our peace was upon him: and 
with his stripes we are healed." 

The questions come up in our minds: Was Jesus death 
necessary? How could it help? How do we know it was 
effective? Many people today have dismissed these 
thoughts from their minds, turned from belief in God, 
and tried to convince themselves that there is no such 
thing as sin. Surely, how we answer these vital ques-* 
tions will make a difference in our attitudes also. 

Was it necessary? Why also did all the lambs and 
doves and goats have to die? We might as well ask if 
there is sin. But anyone can see that sin is in the 
world. We don't have to be told "all have sinned," to 
know this because we have experienced it and can see it 
around us. Only God can fix standards of rightness and 
wrongness, and He has told us in His Word what these are. 
He has also decreed the penalty for sin: "The wages of 
sin is death." "The soul that sinneth, it shall die." 
This is a fixed and certain law just as certain as night 
follows day. James 1:15 says, "...and sin, when it is 
finished, bringeth forth death." This is the reason for 
the shedding of blood. Hebrews 9:22: "And almost all 
things are by the law purged with blood; and without 
shedding of blood is no remission*" (Remission means 
forgiveness of sins.) The blood of those animals served 
as a temporary offering for sin. It had to be offered 
over and over. It shewed the people the consequences 
of sin, and was a type of the true Lamb of God. 

We can see the picture of a man bringing a lamb to 
the temple for his offering* Perhaps it was a lamb he 
had cared for and grew fond of. It had to be a perfect 
one without defect. As he led this lamb to the slaughter 
he could think, "Because I sinned, this lamb must die." 

But Paul in Hebrews 10:4 says, "For it is not possi- 
ble that the blood of bulls and goats should take away 
sins." It remained for the Lamb of God to take away 
the sin of the world. He came to do God's will in the 
body God prepared for Him. And of His offering it is 
said, "For by one offering he hath perfected for ever 


them that are sanctified." (Hebrews 10:15) I Peter 
2:24 says, "Who his own self bare our sins in his own 
body on the tree, that w«, being dead to sins, should 
live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were 
healed," Was it necessary? It was if we were to be 
delivered from sin and its penalty, death. It was 
necessary if we were to live^ for He took cur place. 

How do we know Jesus T death was effective for us? 
If we believe, we can have this assurance. Jesus tells 
us the truth about the Gospel and the reaction of peo- 
ple to it. "He that believeth and is baptized shall 
be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned." 
(Mark 16:16) We must believe and obey. "If we con- 
fess our sins he is faithful and just to forgive us our 
sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness." 
(I John 1:9) 

Satan's current deception in the world today (among 
his other lies and devices) is to flood people with 
earthly reasonings, scientific discoveries, fantasy 
thoughts and false values so that the sacrifice of the 
Lamb of God on the cross 2000 years ago appears to have 
no relevance in the real world. It appears as a pious 
tale of over-zealous philosophers. It is hard to ima- 
gine the effects of the volumes and hours of material 
before the eyes and ears of people today. In no pre- 
vious generation has there been this flood of television 
and radio all the conscious hours of the day. Printing 
is perfected to such a degree that volumes of fiction 
and fantasy can be bought with a child *s allowance even 
though prices on other things are higher than ever. 
Even a daily newspaper consumes hours of precious time. 
Perhaps we are witnessing the fulfilling of Revelation 
12:15, "And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as 
a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be 
carried away of the flood." 

But the Lamb of God still calls us out to Him where 
He suffered "without the gate." The needs of humanity 
are still the same. And God's remedy for sin is still 
the same. "Let us go forth therefore unto him without 
the camp bearing his reproach. For here we have no 
continuing city, but we seek one to come." (Hebrews 


13:12,13) By repentance, baptism and faith in God, we 
can come to Him and find forgiveness for our sins. We 
can have as our sacrifice the perfect Lamb of God, and 
our sins and iniquities will be remembered no more. 
We can escape the death penalty and be born into the 
family of God where we have life everlasting. ■— L.C. 


We have running water in the house, two barns and 
shop now, which is real handy. We have a 1000 liter 
storage tank on a post 21 feet above the ground. The 
slope of the ground and 21 feet up makes real good 
water pressure. We have the water lines and electric 
lines run underground. We have an electric pump on 
the well which pumps the water up into the tank. We 
usually have to fill the tank once a week and it takes 
25 minutes. Our well is 20 feet deep. 

We have been using kerosene lamps for lights at 
night. Wade has fixed up the wiring to the battery 
which is connected to the generator that when we run 
the generator for washing the clothes and running the 
water it charges the battery and we can have 12 volt 
lights now. We use 25 watt 12 volt bulbs. The lights 
will also be hooked up for 110 volts from the gener- 

Nelson has planted more fruit trees for us — 56 more 
banana, 10 more orange and 10 more tangerine, an ap- 
ple and a grapevine. We also have a pineapple patch 
started and raspberries, a Florida variety that we got 
from William Beerys, that bear constantly, imd we 
hope to get a strawberry patch started anytime now. 
Our lemon trees bear year round. We planted fruit 
seeds we brought from the States but we're not sure 
if they will make it to be bearing trees or not. We 
are looking forward to having our own fruit. 

The boys' school started December 15 and they go 
from 8:00 to 12:00 Monday through Friday. Wade takes 
them to school in the mornings and they have been 


walking the three miles home at noon. It takes them 
about 1-ig- hours and they .are usually ready to eat when 
they get home. They have 1-8 grades now since they are 
using English books and they are designed for 8 grades. 
The Portuguese books are designed for 6 grades. 
Portuguese is being taught as a subject now. The only 
requirement the government has on schools here is that 
they teach the Portuguese language. 

Nelson's son goes to school in the first grade. He 
was having difficulties getting on to a few things that 
we take for granted. His coordination wasn T t good at 
all. Nelson and his wife neither read nor write. 
Nelson can write his name. They probably don't have 
a pencil in the house and thedr son didn't know what 
it was or how to hold the pencil. The teacher would 
put the pencil in his nand and help him make letters 
or circles to get him started, then let him do it, but 
he couldn't do it, just make some marks. He's doing 
better now. 

Our little Cheryl is 10 months old now and she 
brings lots of happiness to our home. She has really 
been a good and happy baby. She will be small as most 
Brazilians are; she weighs 1 6 lb and 9 oz/ She is 
walking now and is a real busy little girl. She has 
a lot of fun witn her brothers and they really like 
their sister. Again we thank the Lord for giving her 
to us, and we truly need His help in raising our family 

We have enjoyed our American visitors* My folks and 
Russell Garber came in November, and of course the six 
weeks the folks were here went too fast. But we really 
enjoyed the time they were here and appreciated their 
coming. Larry and Paul btalter came the first part of 
January and another man and woman from Ohio whom we 
really enjoyed meeting and having in our home. We are 
looking for- more 0hio people in February. It has been 
real interesting meeting the people we've met from the 
States down here, and we enjoy all our company. We 
look forward to having more company and hope that some 
of you will come to see us and make our home your home 
awhile. We do thank you for your letters and prayers, 


and it is a great encouragement to us- May each of 
us walk near to God and ever let Him have His way and 
will in our lives that we might all meet in heaven, 
to part no more. 

Your brother and sister in Christ, 
. Wade and Violet Flora and family 

His friends were gathered in the upper room 
After the One they loved was crucified. 
Their love and their devotion had not died 
Though hope was buried with Him in the tomb. 
We cannot share the midnight of their gloom, 
We cannot know their grief at passiontide. 
We see the cross but from its Easier side, 
We see it with anemones in bloom. 

The women waited for slow sabbath* s end — 

That day between the cross and victory, 

Then purchased spice, the last gift love could give, 

We do not mourn as lost our dearest Friend; 

We bring not myrrh, but love and loyalty 

To One who lived and who will always live. 

By Hel en G, Jefferson Selected by Su sie Wagner 


Vie, the members of the Old Brethren of our Eastern 
District have chosen April 16 and 17 for a spring Com- 
munion date at the Wakarusa meeting house, the Lord 
willing. We extend a hearty invitation to members and 

friends to be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 

The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will 
be held this year, the Lord willing, on May 27*29 at 
the Salida meeting house, Salida, California* Friday 
the 27th will be council day. Saturday and Sunday 
(Pentecost) will be public preaching, and Saturday 
evening will be the Communion service. A hearty in- 
vitation and welcome is extended to all of our members 

and friends to attend. ^ ,„ „•-,,, 

— Daniel F. Wolf 



"And untc the angel of the church of the Laodiceans 
write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and 
true witness, the beginning of the creation of God; I 
know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: 
I would thou wert cold or hot. So then because thou 
art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue 
thee out of my mouth. Because thou sayest, I am rich, 
and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; 
and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, 
and poor, and blind, and naked: I counsel thee to buy 
of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; 
and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and 
that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and 
anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see. 
As many as 1 love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous 
therefore, and repent." (Revelation 3:1 4-1 9) 

These stinging words of rebuke, written by John, 
could have, left no question in the minds of the people 
of the church at Laodicea as to how Christ regarded 
them. Gf the seven churches, Laodicea received the 
sharpest criticism because of her lukewarmness. It 
seems, as Halley states, that Christ actually prefers 
opposition to apathy and indifference. 

Laodicea wks founded by Antiochus II (261-2^6 B.C.) 
and named for, his wife, laodice. It was situated close 
to Goiossae and Hierapolis on a major trade route and 
thus became an important commercial city. Also, the 
fact that it was located in a fertile area increased 
Its wealth and added to its fame. 

In its early years Laodicea was considerably less 
important than Colossae and Hierapolis. In 133 B.C. 
the city became part of the Roman Empire and rapidly 
became prosperous. Laodicea became a major banking 
center for tlie province of Asia. It was also famous 
for the beautiful soft wool from the sheep of the 
area. This wool was made into black cloaks, carpets 

the; pilgrim i£ 

and other products which were exported. Glose to 
Laodicea was the temple of hen Karon, the god of 
healing, who became identified with the Roman god 
Aesculapius. Associated with this temple was a great 
medical school at which was manufactured collyrium, 
a famous eye ointment* 

In 17 A.D, Laodicea was severely damaged by the 
earthquake which destroyed several other cities in the 
area. In an effort to help rebuild the city, the 
Roman emperor declared Laodicea to be exempt from 
taxation. Then in 60 A.D. Laodicea was again levelled 
by an earthquake. The city was once more offered ex- 
emption from taxes but this time refused assistance. 
Probably the rich banking firms of the city financed 
its rebuilding. 

Some writers believe that the symbolism used in 
Revelation was inspired by the conditions at Laodicea. 
Several examples follow: n . . . thou art lukewarm - 
..." could be associated with the tepid mineral 
springs near the city. ". . . thou sayest, I am rich, 
and increased with goods, and have need of nothing 
. . . n could refer to the wealth and independent spir- 
it of the people (exemplified by their refusal of the 
offer for assistance after the earthquake of 60 A.D. ). 
"I counsel thee to buy of me . . . white raiment, that 
thou mayest be clothed . . . and anoint thine eyes 
with eyesalve, that thou mayest see" could have refer- 
ence to the famous wool and eye medicine produced by 
the city. 

Under Diocletian (28^-305 A.D.) Laodicea was made 
the chief city of the province of Phrygia. Later 
called Latakia, it fell into decay during the frontier 
wars against the invading Turks. Today Laodicea is 
the site of extensive ruins. 

Information from the Bible, Halley ! s Bible Handbook 
and Encyclopaedia Britannica . 

— Dorothy Koore 

Modesto, California 



1. Who took Jesus down from the cross and laid Him in 
the tomb? (John 19:38-42) 

2. ffio saw Jesus first after His resurrection? (Mark 


3. Who rolled the stone from the door of Jesus ' 

tomb? (Matthew 28:2) 

4. What two disciples ran to Jesu s ? tomb? (John 20:2-4) 

5. Which one arrived first? (John 20:4) 

6. Which one went into the tomb first? (John 20:6) 

7. Which disciple did not believe it when he was told 
that Jesus was alive again? (John 20:24,25) 

8. What made this disciple believe? (John 20:26,27) 
<?. What did he say when he realized it was true that 
Jesus really was alive again? (John 20:28) 

10. Did Jesus eat after he rose from the dead? If so, 
what did He eat? (Luke 24:41-43) 

11. How many people saw Jesus at one time after His 
resurrection? (I Corinthians 15:6) 

Fill the blanks in these verses: 

1. He is not here: for he is , as he said. 

Come, see the where the Lord lay. (Matthew 


2. And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All 

power is given unto me in _^ and in « 

(Matthew 28rl8) 

3. Behold my and my , that it is I 

myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not 

"'*~ and m as ye see me have. (Luke 24:39) 

4. Then said Jesus to them again, be unt« 

you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I 
. (John 20:21) — L.C. 


VOL. 24 MAY, 1977 NO. 5 

"Dearly beloved, ! beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshiy lusts, which war against the souL" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Spirit-filled, can it be, 
Jesus meant this grace for me, 
From the power of sin set free. 
This poor heart of mine? 
In the temple purified, 
Set apart and sanctified, 
There the Spirit would abide? 

what grace divine! 

Since in condescending grace 

Thou didst choose this lowly place, 

To prepare I now make haste 

For my royal Guest; 

Far too long this heart of mine 

Barred from Thee its inner shrine; 

From henceforth 'tis wholly Thine, 

Welcome to my breast 1 

This my prayer, gracious Lord, 
Now according to Thy word, 
Be the Holy Ghost outpoured 
Even, Lord, on me; 
Spirit-filled and running o T er, 
That my life might be a power, 
And to others more and more 

1 a blessing be. 

By Mrs. C. H. Morris 




is a relig 

ous magazine pi 

blished in the interests 

of the 


•nbers of the Old B 



Subscription rate: $2.00 

per year 

Sample copies sent free 





• Leslie C 

over; Consulting Editor: Dante! F. 






5. BOX 874 




As en all important feast days, Jerusalem was 
crowded and full to overflowing on Penteccst after 
Jesus 1 resurrection. Thousands of devout Jews had 
traveled from all over the empire — perhaps especially 
for this feast. It was a special event celebrating 
the beginning cf wheat harvest* It was a joyous cele- 
bration; the Lord commanded them to "...rejoice before 
the Lord thy God, thou and thy son, and thy daughter, 
and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the 
Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, 
and the fa therless and the widow, that are among 
you..." (Deut. 16:11) It was a time to celebrate 
their freedom — the privilege of tilling their own 
land and reaping with their own sickles the golden 
grain of harvest. As they rejoiced they were to re- 
member that once they were bondmen in Egypt. (Deut. 

On this particular Pentecost day the Jewish rulers 
had something special to rejoice about. It had now 
been seven weeks since the Galilean Preacher had been 
put out of the way. He had been a real worry to them. 
With His preaching, His miracles, and His tremendous 
appeal to the common people, He had convinced many 
that He was the Messiah. Now that He was dead, His 
followers had evidently gone into hiding or at least 
were keeping quite still about their Leader. But there 
was one disturbing question: Was He really dead? 
The soldiers who guarded His tomb had brought a report 
cf an angel rolling away the heavy door of the sepul- 
chre and saying He had risen. There had also been 
reports that some had seen Him alive. And He had 
apparently raised Lazarus from the dead shortly before 
the Passover. But at least things had quieted down, 
and it looked as though their position of power might 
be secure once again. After all, if they were not 


careful the Romans would come and take away their place 
of privilege. Besides , this Galilean had criticized 
them severely — called them whited sepulchres and hypo- 
crites. Yes, they were glad to be rid of Him. 

In Jerusalem also was another little band, this one 
with very different thoughts. That Jesus the Master 
was alive again was by now gloriously real to them. 
They had all seen Him, heard- Him speak, seen Him eat . 
and touched Him and seen His wounds, Then they actual- 
ly saw Him rise from the earth and return to God the 
Father. Now they were waiting. In the seven weeks 
since the dark day and the Resurrection Day that fol- 
lowed, they had been back to Galilee to meet Jesus 
there. Then, coming again to Jerusalem, they received 
His final instructions and saw Him ascend to Heaven 
from Olivet. He had told them to "tarry ye in the city 
of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on 
high." Now, obediently, they were waiting. Too many 
times they had failed to believe and trust the Master, 
Now they knew i^ho He was and that He was in complete 
control. Joyously, expectantly, they waited and prayed 
in harmony. The disputes about who should be the 
greatest were in the past. In one accord they tarried— 
one hundred twenty cf them: twelve apostles (counting 
the newly chosen Matthias), Jesus 1 mother, Mary, His 
brethren, and the rest men and women who knew the Lord 
and believed His words. 

The Day of Pentecost found the group together again 
(or still?) in one place and with one accord. Suddenly 
the waiting was over. In the words of Luke in Acts 2: 
"And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a 
rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where 
they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven 
tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each cf them. 
And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began 
to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them 
utterance." Jesus had promised it and now they were 
experiencing it. He had told them, "And, behold, I 
send the promise of my Father upon you; but tarry ye 
in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with 
power from on high." (Luke 24:49) And this was power 


such as they had never before known. They were not 
afraid anymore.. Before , they had assembled behind 
locked doors for fear of the Jews. Now they spoke 
boldly before the multitude that quickly assembled. 

Jesus had told them they would be baptized. n For 
John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be bap-_ 
tized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence." (Acts 
1:5) This was the baptism. They were immersed and 
overwhelmed -with the Holy Ghost filling them, covering 
them, giving them new life, 

John had tcld them several years before, but they 
could hardly .understand it then. ,r And John bare record, 
saying, I saw the Spirit descending from- heaven like 
a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not: 
but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same 
said unto me, upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit 
descending, and remaining en him, the same is he which 
baptize th with the Holy Ghost. And I saw, and bare 
record that this Is the Son of Gcd." (John 1:32-34) 
Now they could understand. L T ow they cculd explain 
and preach it to others. 

The ancient prophecy of Jcel was fulfilled "And it 
shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will 
pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons 
and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young 
men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream 
dreams: And en my servants and en my handmaidens I 
will pour out in these days of my Spirit; and they 
shall prophesy: And I will shew wonders in heaven 
above, and signs in the earth beneath; blcod, and fire, 
and vapour of smcke: The sun shall be turned into 
darkness, and the moon into blood, before that. great 
and notable day of the Lord come: And it shall come 
to pass, that whoseever shall call on the name cf the 
Lord shall be saved." (Acts 2:17-21) Peter told them 
this under inspiration of the Spirit. 

The crowd had gathered quickly. Likely the dis- 
ciples, speaking with new tongues, came cut cf the 
house or on the roof top where the multitude- could 
hear. Some were amazed when they heard Galileans — 
obviously Galilean visitors — speak the native 


languages of the strangers gathered in Jerusalem — 
"Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. 11 
Others mocked and scoffedr "These men are full of new 
wine." Bold Peter with new power stood up and preached 
a marvelous sermon to the multitude. After explaining 
the prophecy of Joel he accused them of crucifying 
Jesus of Nazareth, the Holy One of God. But God raised 
Him again from the dead according to David's prophecy. 
"Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, 
that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have cruci- 
fied, bcth Lord and Christ." 

Under the power of the Spirit, the people were con- 
victed. Peter told them to repent and be baptized in 
the name of Jesus for the remission of sins, and ye shall 
receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Three thousand 
Jews responded that day and the Church of Jesus Christ 
was established. 

The jealous rulers responded almost immediately with 
arrests, threats, beatings and martyrdoms. They were 
alarmed that the faith in Jesus Christ had sprung up, 
and they did all in their power to stop it. Bat God 
supported His people and they continued to preach and 
teach in the name of Jesus and more thousands were 
added to the Church. 

That Day of Pentecost has come and gone, but the 
Spirit came to stay and abide with His people. This 
Jewish Feast of V r eeks or Pentecost signified the new 
era of the Gospel of Grace which has now come. No 
longer are we under the bondage of sin, but the joy of 
fcrpivenness and freedom in Jesus Chist is here. The 
harvest began and has continued — the harvest of needy 
souls of men. Pentecost was the fiftieth day or the 
new day after the seven sabbaths were numbered. The 
offering for that day was to be a new offering — this 
time with leaven. The Kingdom of Heaven is like leaven 
and truly it has worked and is working in the world 
today giving new life in the new day of God's grace. 

Today we are under the same call and terms of mercy. 
Men well scoff, but Jesus still calls: "Repent and be 
baptised every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ 
for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the 
crift of the Holy Ghost." — L.C. 



"Behold, I stand at the door and knock: if any man 
hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to 
him, and will sup with him, and he with me. To him 
that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my 
throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with 
my Father in his throne. He that hath an ear, let him 
hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches." 
(Revelation 3:20-22) 

Christ's messages to the seven churches of Asia 
closes with this personal appeal. Each one who reads 
these living words may consider himself personally 
addressed. His continued knocking is accompanied by 
His voice of assurance. As He spoke to His terrified 
disciples. in the storm, even so He reassures the hes- 
itating one, "It is I; be not afraid." 

Christ comes into the heart opened to Him and 
brings with Him pardon and peace. As two friends in 
feasting together eat the same food from a common 
dish, so Jesus promises to "sup with him and he with 

A heart to heart conversation is envisioned at such 
a peaceful and unhurried meal, the Guest most sympa- 
thetic and listening to each detail with great inter- 
est. A persecuted Huguenot of some centuries ago 

"I tell Him all my sorrows; 

I tell Him all my joys; 

I tell Him all that pleases me; 

I tell Him what annoys. 

He tells me what I ought to do; 

Tells from His rich supply. 

And so we talk together, 

My Lord and I." 

Jesus 1 "whosoevers" number about eighty in the four 
Gospels. "... The common people heard him gladly," 
(Mark 12:37) and eagerly drank of His living water, 


and feasted on heavenly manna to their souls. The 
whole Bible closes on an appeal to "whosoever will." 
(Revelation 22:17) 

"I have called you friends," said Jesus in John 15s 
15, "for all things that I have heard of my Father I 
have made known unto you." What a thought! Jesus de- 
sires to be a personal friend. 

But a great conflict must come after this most hap- 
py time of feasting with Jesus. Our Saviour knew many 
conflicts. The Gospel contains the accounts of His 
sufferings, His death and His triumphal resurrection. 
Because of His overcoming He now sits with His Father 
in His Father 1 s throne. From this highly exalted 
throne of glory He calls to His hard-pressed and suf- 
fering saints: "To him that overcome th will I grant 
to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, 
and am set down with my Father in his throne." 

There was an overcoming in the first opening the 
heart's door to Jesus. The hosts of the evil one 
tried to prevent this first decision for Christ. Mar- 
velous was the grace of God that brought us to that 
first overcoming. I John 4^4: "Ye are of God, little 
children, and have overcome them: because greater is 
he that is in you, than he that is in the world." 

tost backsliders, when pressed, confess there was 
reality of overcoming in that first experience with 
Christ: also joy, peace and love for God and all man- 
kind. Why then defeat after such an overcoming? Did 
Christ fail them, or did they cease to abide in Him? 
Falteringly the facts are admitted. They ceased to 
feed on God's Word, to pray, to witness, and neglected 
the assembly of faithful brethren and sisters. 

"I couldn't make it," cries the backslider. How 
true! Jesus knew we were unable of ourselves to over- 
come the foes of Christ. So He taught us to pray, 
"Suffer us not to be led into temptation, but deliver 
us from evil." Again, Jesus said, "Abide in me, and 
I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, 
except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye 
abide in me." (John 15:4-) 


To that hard-pressed and distressed soul almost 
ready to give up in defeat, ve would like to remind 
you of that overcoming first love of Christ* Have you 
forgotten "hope", that blessed anchor of the soul fas- 
tened to the precious promises of Jesus? David in his 
hardest inward battle cried, ". . . thou didst make me 
hope when I was upon my mother's breasts," (Psalm 22; 
9J Again he gives "hope" as a battle cry to his dis- 
tressed soul; "Why art thou cast down, my soul? 
and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: 
for I shall yet praise him for the help of his counte- 
nance . " ( Psalm 42 :5 ) 

Paul in Romans 8:24-25 shows the importance of 
hope: "For we are saved by hope: but hope that is 
seen is not hope; for what a man seeth, why doth he 
yet hope for? But if we hope for that we see not, 
then do we with patience wait for it." 

Alas! when we do not exercise hope in the promises 
of God there is no overcoming joy and we lose today's 
battle with the enemy. For each day there should be 
an overcoming. Without hope, even victory and deliv- 
erance ceases in a frustration of emptiness. That day 
is not full when we cease to look "for that blessed 
hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and 
our Saviour Jesus Christ." (Titus 2:13) 

Beyond his glorious return is trie throne scene pic- 
tured and promised to overcome rs in Christ's conclud- 
ing messages to the seven churches of Asia. 

Gh, you who are struggling and storm-tossed. Some 
of you are facing in your youth a world given to ex- 
treme wickedness. Some of you are crying out to God 
for your precious children and grandchildren. It is 
indeed well we do, and may God give us this heart cry 
if we as yet have not acquired one. Let us look by 
faith to this throne scene in Heaven. Jesus looks to 
each one of us as He says, "To him that overcometh 
will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I 
also overcame, and am set down with my Father in His 
throne . " 

Let us not forget to exercise hope, an. expectant 


hope j as we press today 1 s battle for the Lord, Let us 
exercise and grow In faith , hope and love in our 
Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ. With these abiding 
three we may have overcomer : s joy at the close of 

each day. 

— James D . Cover 
Modesto ^ California 


Luke 12:16-32 

As Jesus was speaking tc the people , a man desired 
that the Master would help him to get a share of the 
Inheritance from his brother. Jesus warned him against 
greed and told the parable of the rich man. The rich 
man had many goods stored away and thought that he had 
earned the right tc use It for his own pleasure. God 
called him a fool, for if he were called to account 
his riches would be gone and his soul be equally poor 
for he had laid up no treasures in Heaven. It seems 
that selfishness and greed were causing this man T s 
destruction; ^ T e must be very careful how, in this 
land of opportunity," that we handle our material goods 
so that it does not become our spiritual destruction. 

Jesus warns us in this parable to lay up treasures 
in Heaven and to take nc thought for the morrow. He 
teaches that the birds do not worry, and God feeds 
them day bv day. The flowers do not struggle or strive 
and yet Solomon in all his rlories was not arrayed like 
them. Are not we much better than they? "And seek 
not what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither 
be ye of doubtful mind. For all these things do the 
nations of the world seek after: and your Father 
knoweth that ye have need of these things. But rather 
seek ye the kingdom of Gcd; and all these things shall 
be added unto you. »( (Luke 12:29-31) 

If God blesses you with earthly gain, give to those 
who have need of it. This is laying up treasure in 
Heaven. For loving service Is a treasure which cannot 


be destroyed or stolen and will never end. If we 
give up our goods willingly we will have riches in 
Christ, but if we hold them fast, they will be taken 
away and we will be left empty and desolate. We want 
to be ready and waiting for our Lord may knock for 
us tonight. _ Rex Royer 

Nappane e , Indiana 


Rummaging through one of the purses piled on the 
bed was our busy little 2 year old, as the sisters 
spent the day together sewing. Little fihoda was 
already taking her afternoon nap when we discovered 
the opened bottle of medicine, and that 12 pills were 
missing. Alarm swept through the house 1 Silent 
prayers were sent to Heaven 1 We contacted the doctor 
for advice and permission to use medicine to induce 
her to vomit the contents of her stomach to get the 
drug out of her system as soon as possible. This 
drug would cause her heart to race and her face to 
pale. It was most important that she get rid of it 
before it was absorbed by the body. As it turned out, 
she must net have eaten any and we were most thankful. 

Later I thought of our dear ones around us who are 
daily indulging in the harmful poisons of sin. ( Any 
sin is poisonous!) These dangerous poisons (worse 
than the medicine Rhoda nearly took) are being diges- 
ted into the blood stream, drugging the victim! Are we 
alarmed? Are we praying earnestly for them? Are we 
pointing them to the Great Physician who can cleanse 
and make them whole? Are we as concerned for their 
spiritual health as we are for their natural? 

"Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and 
one convert him; Let him know, that he which converteth 
the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul 
from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins. n 
(James 5:19,20) -Martha Cover 



A city set upon a hill 
From sight cannot be hid, 
Simply by being founded the re , 
Not by some thing it did, 

A Christian founded on the Lord, 
Deep rooted in His grace, 
Submitted wholly to His will, 
Need not announce his place. 

He need not try to figure how 
Or when his light should shine. 
Possessed of Christ, his very life 
Will glow with light divine. 

— Miriam Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 


We were made to rejoice with the angels when 
Sandy Garber requested Christian Baptism, which was 
administered April 10. (Indiana-Ohio Congregation) 
May she be faithful and a light to others. 

— Elmer Brovont 


The Annual Meeting of the Old Brethren Church will 
be held this year, the Lord willing, on May 27-29 at 
the Salida meeting house, Salida, California. Friday 
the 27th will be council day* Saturday and Sunday 
(Pentecost) will be public preaching, and Saturday 
evening will be the Communion service. A hearty In- 
vitation and welcome is extended to all of our members 
and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



I watched lour world this morning, Lord, 

As it was waking up, 
And every little woodland flower 

Was filling up its cup. 

The scarlet streamers of the sun 

Were flung above the hills, 
And molten gold in rivers ran 

Long fingers down the rills. 

While birds among the tree tops sang 
Their songs of sheer delight; 

Awakened from their leafy beds 
As soon as it was light. 

The sweetest scents of early morn 

Distilled upon the air, 
Made one bouquet of rare perfume 

That lingered everywhere. 

From down the hill the sheepbell's chimes 

Came faintly to my ear. 
Their gentle tinkle seemed to say, 

"Down here I am, right here!" 

Your world was new, just freshly made 

And yesterday was past; 
My heart said, "Lord, I'll try again 

And I'll succeed at last!" 

"Let yesterday's mistakes be gone — 

Today 1*11 start anew, 
And with my hand in Yours, I'll walk 

Still closer, Lord, to You." 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne , California 



I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now; 

! Tis springtime] earth is filled 

With exciting ways, 

Luring me on from day to day* 

I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now; . 

Hold me fast, lest I stray, 

I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now 

For it's slimmer time. 

There' is so much to dc, 

I neglect my time with You. r . 

I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now; 

Teach me to watch and pray. 

I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now 
For autumn's come 

With laden branch and bending bough. 
How good Thou art; how frail I am! 
I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now, 
Lest I forget, lest I forget. 

I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now 
For winter's here. , 

We sit and wait for the night; 
Beyond we see a. gleaming light. 
■I need Thee, Lord, I need Thee now; 
Lead me home, Oh I lead, me home. 

I'll need Thee, Lord, I'll need Thee 

All through eternity, 

As in Thy presence I come. 

Words will fail this faltering' tongue. 

I'll need Thee, Lord, I l ll need Thee 
To praise and to adore. 

— June Fountain 
Auburn, California 



Galatia was located in central Asia Minor about 300 
miles northwest of Antioch. It was surrounded com- 
pletely by land — bordered on the north by Bithynia and 
Paphlagonia, on the west by Phrygia, on the south by 
Lycaonia and Gappadocia, and on the east by Pontus* 
It was to Galatia that Paul, accompanied by Barnabus, 
traveled on his first missionary journey. 

During the third century before Christ a vast mi- 
gration of Gauls, originally from north of the Black 
Sea, occurred. The largest group moved west to France, 
and another army continued southward and began to In- 
vade Greece in 279 B.C. About 20,000 Gauls split from 
this group and journeyed to iisia at the request of 
Nicomedes I of Bithynia — he wanted them to help him 
fight against his brother. For the next 46 years these 
Gauls were the scourge of the western half of Asia 
Minor. Finally, in 232 B.C. Attalus I of Pergamum de- 
feated them in a series of battles and forced them to 
settle in the area named after them, Galatia. 

In 64 B.C. Galatia became a client-state of Rome 
and was governed by three chiefs, one for each tribe. 
However, it was not long before one ambitious chief, 
Deiotarus, became dominant and had himself declared 
king of Galatia. The third Galatian king, Amyntas, 
died in 25 B.C.; at that time Augustus Caesar incor- 
porated Galatia into the Roman Empire. The new prov- 
ince (which included, besides Gauls, other races native 
to the area — Phrygians, Cappadocians, Lycaonians and 
others) proved to be an enthusiastic supporter of Rome. 

Paul began his first missionary journey about 54 
A.D. and visited several towns of Galatia, including 
Pisidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra (native town of 
Timothy) and Derbe (Acts 13:14-14:23). In the whole 
Galatian region he was very successful. Multitudes of 
people, almost exclusively Gentiles, left behind their 
idolatrous past and enthusiastically embraced the 


Gospel Paul preached to them. This is not to say that 
Paul and Barnabas were without problems. In almost 
every city they were troubled by unbelieving Jews who 
stirred up the people against them. In Lystra the 
people went from one extreme to another — they at first 
hajled the two missionaries as gods and then, soon 
after, stoned Paul and left him for dead. 

Paul visited the Galatian churches he had founded 
again at the beginnings of his second (Acts 16:1-6) 
and third (Acts 18:23) missionary journeys — about 50 
and 54 A.D. Sometime after Paul left Galatia some 
Judaizers, or Jewish Christians, followed him and vis- 
ited the converts he had made. These Jews insisted 
that the new Christians were obligated to become 
Jewish proselytes and to keep the Law of Moses. The 
Gentile converts in their ignorance accepted these 
Jews and their teachings apparently with the same en- 
thusiasm they had given Paul. When Paul heard about 
this he responded by writing his epistle to the 
Galatians. This letter was intended to explain that 
n a man is not justified by the works of the law, but 
by the faith of Jesus Christ. 11 (Galatians 2:1 6) It 
is not definitely known where and when Paul wrote his 
epistle to the Galatians; the most generally accepted 
date is 57 A.D., sometime near the end of his third 
missionary journey. 

When Constantinople became the capital city of the 
Roman Empire, the highway of imperial communications 
passed through the Galatian province. Because of this 
the people of the area were exposed more thoroughly 
to the culture of the Empire, and Christianity was 
also spread through this means. In later years 
Galatia was raided by both Persians and Arabs. Final- 
ly, the Seljuk Turks conquered the area in the elev- 
enth century and were replaced by the Ottoman Turks 

after about three hundred years. 


Information from the Bible, Halley's Bible Ha ndbook 
and Encyclopaedia Britannica , 

— Dorothy Moore 
Modesto, California 



1« How many days was Jesus with His disciples after 
His Resurrection? (Acts 1:3) 

2. What baptism did Jesus promise to His disciples? 

(Acts 1:5) 

3. What did He promise them to enable them to be His 
witnesses in all the earth? (Acts 1:8) 

4. "Ye men of , why stand ye up into 

heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you 

into heaven, shall so come as 

ye have seen him go into heaven." (Acts 1:11) 

5. How many disciples waited in Jerusalem as Jesus 
told them? (Acts 1:15) 

6. "These all continued in 

prayer and , with the women, and Mary the 

mother of Jesus, and with his ♦" (Acts 1:14) 

7. What became of Judas Iscariot? (Acts 1:16-20) 

8. Who was chosen to take the place of Judas? (Acts 1:26) 

9. What three great things happened when the Holy Spirit 
came upon the disciples on the day of Pentecost? 

were (Acta 2:2-4) 

10. "And there ^dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, 

men, out of every under heaven," (Acts 2:5) 

11. What did these men think when they heard the dis- 
ciples speaking with other languages? (Acts 2:12,13) 

12. Who stood up and preached to the multitude that 
day? (Acts 2:14) 

13. Which prophet had spoken words that were fulfilled 
that day? (Acts 2:16) 

14. What two things did Peter tell the people to do 
that they might receive the gift of the Holy Ghost? 

(Acts -2:38) 

15. How many were added to the church that day? 

(Acts 2:41) «i.C. 


VOL. 24 JUNE, 1977 NO. 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


We would see Jesus — for the shadows lengthen 
Across this little landscape of our life; 
We would see Jesus our weak faith to strengthen, 
For the last weariness — the final strife. 

We would see Jesus — the great Rock Foundation, 
Whereon our feet were set by sovereign grace; 
Not life, nor death, with all their agitation, 
Can thence remove us, if we see His face. 

We would see Jesus — ether lights are fading, 
Which for long years we have rejoiced to 3ee; 
The blessings of cur pilgrimage are failing, 
We would not mourn them, for we go to Thoe. 

We would see Jesus — this is all we're needing, 
Strength, joy and willingness come with the sight; 
We would see Jesus, dying, risen/ pleading, 
Then welcome day, and farewell mortal night I 

Anna B. Warner, 1858 
Selected by Susie Wagner 

TH EI FM L.OFR1 JV1 is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


God's Word tells us that Abraham staggered not at 
the promise of God. It also says that Abraham was 
fully persuaded that what He had promised, He was able 
to perform. 

In Hebrews 10; 23 the Word says, "Let us hold fast 
the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he 
is faithful that promised;)." 

I would like to consider God's faithfulness in 
carrying out His promises and our response to this. 

God's promises are certain! Not one word of what 
He has said shall fail whether it be for good or evil. 
The Lord made promises to Abraham, and if anyone had 
room to doubt, it would seem in man's thinking that 
Abraham did. God had promised him many descendants, 
but when he was an old man he had no children. 

God had promised to give him and his seed the land 
of Canaan, yet when Sarah died he didn't even own e- 
nough ground to bury her on. He had to buy a field 
and cave for the purpose. These promises were con- 
firmed to Isaac and Jacob but they didn't live to see 
it. The promises were sure, though. In Deuteronomy 
1:10 hoses told the children of Israel, "The Lord your 
God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day 
as the stars of heaven for multitude." In Joshua 21: 
43-45 it says, "And the Lord gave unto Israel all the 
land which he sware to give unto their fathers; and 
they possessed it, and dwelt therein . . . There failed 
not ought of any good thing which the Lord had spoken 
unto the house of Israel; all came to pass." 

There are many examples like this, many prophecies 
fulfilled, many promised rewards received; and many 
warnings of punishment carried out. 

In our day many people try to tell us God's Word Is 
not true. They say the things we behold just evolved 


and that there is no such thing as future reward or 
punishment. Others don't go that far but try to tell 
us that God doesn r t mean what He says. They tell us 
it isn't necessary to observe many things He told 
us to. Or they say Jesus did it all. There is noth- 
ing for us to do but say we believe. 

We are not dealing with a God Who can be dismissed 
or bargained with! Our God is exact and precise I He 
is real I The terms He offers are still the same as 
they were 1900 years ago and no hunian excuses or rea- 
soning will change the issue! Whether men want to be- 
lieve it or not they are going to meet God in judgment 
and receive reward or punishment according to their 

God has given all of us some precious time. All of 
us are going to answer for the use we make of it. One 
of the gospels tells us the reason it was written was 
"that ye might believe that Jesub is the Christ, the 
Son of God; and that believing ye might have life 
through his name." (John 20:31) Belief is not a pas- 
sive thing. Belief will bring action. 

Most of us have expressed our belief in God and 
have accepted His Word and its teachings. We have 
promised to be faithful to God and to reject Satan 
and the things he has to offer. 

God has not promised us an easy time in this life. 
He has promised the strength and guidance that will 
make us over comers. The Lord faithfully keeps His 
promises. Are we keeping ours? May we all be able 
to say as one hymn puts it: 

Still faithful to our God, 
And to our Captain true, 
We follow where he leads the way 
The kingdom in our view. 

— James Beery 

N&ppane e , Indiana 

The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some 
men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, 
not willing that any should perish, but that all should 
come to repentance. (II Peter 3:9) 



"Gome unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy 
laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon 
you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: 
and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke 
is easy, and my burden is light." (Matthew 11:28-30) 

"For we which have believed do enter into rest..." 
(Hebrews 4:3) 

I suppose all have experienced the relief and bles- 
sing of physical rest. Rest is especially sweet when 
the work is hard or the day is long. I remember a 
particular day of work in the heat of the day. The 
work went well, and at noon we all stretched out on 
the grass for a brief rest. There is no feeling quite 
like it. Especially for ycung, strong bodies, rest 
and sleep are so welcome. 

Then there is the rest at the end cf life's long 
day. John heard a voice from heaven and recorded it 
in Revelation 14:13, "Write, Blessed are the dead which 
die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, 
that they may rest from their labours; and their works 
do follow them," This rest is in contrast to those who 
are not in the Lord. Revelation 14:11 says, "And the 
smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: 
and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the 
beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark 
of his name." 

Our Scriptures speak also of a rest which we can 
experience now and that is in Christ, God offered a 
similar rest to the Israelites in Canaan. They would 
have rest from their enemies and dwell' in peace in 
their own land, But many of them fell in the wilder- 
ness because thdy failed to believe God and trust His 
promises. Hebrews 3 tells how God would not allow some 
to enter into His rest because f their unbelief. They 
erred in their hearts and did not know God's ways. 
Some did enter and received rest, but God had something 
better than Canaan for His people. . Hebrews 4:8,9 says, 
"For if Jesus (Joshua) had given them rest, then' would 


he not &fteo>iard have spoken of another day. There re- 
taai'neth therefore a rest to the people of God." This 
rest wks symbolized to Israel by the sabbath. They 
^topped their own work and rested on the seventh day 
the way G6d tested after creation. The word "rest" in 
verse 9 could have been translated "sabbath rest" or 
"keeping of the sabbath", and it is noted that way in 
some Bibles „ Then it would read: "There remaineth 
therefore a keeping of the sabbath to the people of God." 

The writer of Hebrews continues, "For he that is en- 
tered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own 
works, as God did from his. Let us labour therefore to 
enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same 
example of unbelief." The issues and hindrances are 
the same as with God ! s promised rest in Canaan. If 
they had believed, they could have had rest and peace. 
If we believe, we can rest in Jesus Christ. 

It seems strange that we should be urged to labour 
to enter the rest when unbelief is the main hindrance. 
But this shews the character of the belief required* 
It Is net just an assent to a fact but a devotion of 
the whole being* The Israelites were to believe God 
and to keep trudging across the wilderness toward Ca- 
naan. We, too, must cease from our own way and works 
and be wholly committed to God r s way and obedient to 
Him. His yoke is easy and His burden is light. This 
is rest in the Lord Jesus Christ. 

A minister said recently that a man who is crucified 
with Christ and hanging there on the cross has three 
characteristics: 1, He faces one direction. 2. He is 
net going back. 3* He has no further plans of his own. 
When we can give up cur own mistaken and willful way 
and have only the will cf our Lord in the future, we 
are entering the rest God has for us, and we are exper- 
iencing the true sabbath. It is not a physical act cf 
keeping the seventh day but a condition and resolution 
cf the heart — that cf truly trusting and resting in 
Christ. The promise is real and so must bm the response, 
the belief and trust. Isaiah wrote (11:10), "... and 
his rest shall be glorious." To those who are weary of 
wandering, the rest in Christ is indescribable relief. 

— L.C. 



This writing is part of a letter from Wade and 
Violet Flora telling more about the conditions in their 
area of Goias, Brazil: 

You ask, ,? Is there any real need?" Government aid 
is supposed to be available to all who need it. I am 
not sure yet just how effective this is in reaching 
all who need it* The Evangelico Hospital in town pro- 
vides care and doctors free to the poor people who 
can't pay. As an example, when we got Cheryl, we had 
three categories. The first was no charge for her 
care, medicine and doctors* The second was to p$y the 
expenses charged to her (Cheryl) while +here in the 
hospital. The third, to pay double her expenses to 
help cover other poor peoples' expenses who couldn't 
pay. We chose the latter as it was still cheap by 
what the hospital and doctors are in the States and ve 
felt we could afford to pay it* The hospital personnel 
checks out all who say they can't pay to see if this 
is an honest fact before letting them off without pay- 

There are beggars in town. A person has to try to 
follow the Spirit and use has own judgment, which to 
give to and which not to. Generally speaking, drink- 
ing and smoking is not a serious problem among the 
majority of Brazilians because they. are poor, and I 
think liquor and cigarettes may be as high priced as 
they are in the. U.S., which makes them prohibitive for 
the people to buy. With this in mind I am very care- 
ful which beggars I give money because some only want 
money to buy cigarettes or liquor. So I usually offer 
to buy them something to eat, or a meal right there, 
or buy them a loaf or two of bread to take with them* 
They usually ask for money. Cne asked me for money 
once, and I asked him if he would take food or bread 
if I bought it for him. He said, "No." Therefore I 
didn't give him any money either. 


I was rushing around town one day doing some legal 
business and met this young man carrying an 8 or 1 
year old boy who looked deathly ill (maybe a serious 
case of malnutrition! I don't. know. ). Hw asked me 
for a certain amount of money tc use to take him to 
a doctor- Without hesitating, I gave him about double 
the amount and went on my way praying that the young 
boy would be healed and survive . As I thought of it 
afterward, a better way would have been to go with him 
to the doctor and pay the bill. But I am not worrying 
about it now as it happened so fast; I did what I 
thought was best at the moment. 

I know I have made some mistakes, giving to some I 
shouldn't have, and probably not giving to some who 
needed it. i 

The Brazilians are very good to give to beggars 
also. As I observe them giving, I can see they also 
give only to ones they think honestly have a need. 

So, in answer to your question 'there is very little 
real need as most have enough to eat. 

"Do you see children uncared for or undernourished?" 

Yes, a few. I just saw a five or six year old boy 
in front of the post office this month when I was in 
town. He looked terribly hungry to r*s. On impulse I 
just wheeled the truci, over to the curb, grabbed two 
big bananas out of my grocery box and jumped out and 
gave them to him, jumped back in the ufuck and was on 
my way. The sweet little fellow could hardly believe 
his eyes as I waved bye or "chow" (Portuguese) to him. 

There are a few children in town that like to beg 
money from us Americans, so they can buy chewing gum 
and candy. They are fat and healthy anc we know them, 
so we give to the ones in need instead of them. 

There is a definite need for children \s clothing. 
All clothing is available at the stores in town but is 
expensive for the' average Brazilian and poor Brazilian 
laborer to buy. Good used clothing for children is 
very much in need. 

The best way to supply needed food would be to buy 
rice, flour etc. here. Rice is only about 1$^ U.S. 
money per pound. The need for food is very, very 


minute, as the men who own the rice houses actually 
give the needy their ration of rice each month. Giv- 
ing to ones actually in need would not be an insult 
to the people. 

I don't mean to bring in so many personal happen- 
ings, but thought this way you could get more of the 
actual feel of some aspects of life here by me writing 
actual experiences. 

Wade and Violet Flora 
and family 

Goias, Brazil 

parable study 
the good Samaritan 

Luke 10:25-38 

"Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? n 
I'm sure we are all interested in this most important 
of all questions. The answer is found here in the 
27th verse: n Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with 
all thy heart, and with all thy soul, with all thy 
strength, and with all thy mindj and thy neighbor as 
thyself." This leads to the obvious question, "Who is 
our neighbor?" Jesus answered this question by tell- 
ing this parable of the good Samaritan. 

"a certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, 
and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his rai- 
ment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half 
dead. And by chance there came down a certain priest 
that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the 
other side. And likewise a Levite, when he was at the 
place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the 
other side. " 

We don't know why these two men didn ! t stop. They 
maybe thought they were in too big a hurry, or maybe 
they thought it was too dangerous. Whatever the rea- 
son, Galatians 6:10 says: "As we have therefore oppor- 
tunity, let us do good to all men, especially unto them 


who are of the household of faith.' 1 Also we read in 
I John 3:^7: M But whoso hath this world's good, and 
seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his 
bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love 
of God in him?" I think if anyone is in need our re- 
sponsibility is to help him, even if it is a little 
unpleasant at times. 

Now in verse 33 we see that a Samaritan journeyed 
past, and had compassion on him, and bound up his 
wounds, and set him on his own beast and took him to 
an inn. Besides this he even paid the innkeeper for 
the night spent there and offered to pay all the ex- 
penses till the man was better. 

Now Jesus asked, "Which now of these three,, thinkest 
thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among thieves?" 
The lawyer said, "He that shewed mercy on him." Jesus 
then said to the lawyer and to us as well, "Go, and 
do thou likewise." 

In Matthew 25, Jesus said that in the judgment day 
Jesus will say to the righteous: "Come, ye blessed of 
my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from 
the foundation of the world: For I was an hungered, 
and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye ^ave me 
drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: Naked, and 
ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in 
prison, and ye came unto me." Then the righteous will 
ask him when they did these things. Then the King 
will say: "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of 
the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto 
me." So by doing these acts of kindness to our neigh- 
bor or our brethren, we are doing them for Jesus. And 
Jesus says that "whosoever shall give to drink unto 
one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in 
the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he 
shall in no wise lose his reward," (Matthew 10:42) 

I John 4-: 20: "If a man say, I love Gud, and hateth 
his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his 
brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom 
he hath not seen^^ By being kind and helping those 
in need we can show that we love God. 


If we truly love and serve God and love our neigh- 
bor as ourselves, we will inherit eternal life. 

— Philip Royer 
Nap pane e , Indiana 


You who call yourselves Christians, all come, let us go 
On a journey we must for our soul's good begin, 
To the part of our life called the long, long ago — 
Back before we were brought to the knowledge of sin, 

"We are risen with Christ, " we each one will proclaim, 
"And cur past sins are all blotted out and forgiven; 
We've repented of sin and we follow the Lamb 
Through the pathways of Earth to our homes up in Heaven*" 

"We've repented of sin — " are we sure that we have? 
Then perhaps the good reader will not be displeased 
His conscience and innocence here to find proved 
By answering short, simple questions like these? 

Are you proud of the wicked and dangerous things 

You did while you lingered outside cf the fold? 

Does ycur heart find a thrill in remembering them still — 

All your "harmless" exciting enjoyments of old? 

Do ycu like to think back on the wild cats sown 

By a foolish and carnal unsatisfied youth 

Who gambled the greatest things life could have shown, 

And carelessly spurned the sweet calling of Truth? 

Do you wistfully call to your mind (as you tell 
Your old stories to those who have heard them before) 
All your walks on the brink of the cliff over Hell 
As though you desire to walk it some more? 

Have you hidden away a brass trophy or two 

With some clothes you would be too embarassgd to wear? 


Have you papers of honor , or ribbons of blue, 
Or pictures of things most unworthy to share? 

Do you think of the contests that sang out your skill 
And the races ycu ran, cr when you "won the game 11 ? 
Do you think of the day when you "really could spell" 
And the glory you felt as they called out your name? 

Do you think of the pranks in which you were employed 
And the things you perhaps did not legally do? 
Do you think of the parties and dates you enjoyed 
And mention them not to the one wed to you? 

Do you think of that one wrestling 'match when, at last, 
Your opponent was pinned by your hand to the floor? 
Then are you pinned down, Friend, with your mind in the 

While carnality* s Past binds Today's precious hour* 

God forbid! and we call ourselves Christians I Shame I 
More thing could be mentioned, but what good could come 
From our calling to mind things so ■ empty and vain — 
Shameful words we have said, sinful deeds we have done? 

Is there sin in the camp? Let us act with a will 

To destroy all unholy thought and desire. 

Let's repent of the sins we are treasuring still, 

And quit grieving our God, and quit playing with fire. 

— Stanley K. Brubaker 
Nappanee , Indiana 

Once in a while we hear Christians who should know 
better boasting — boasting not only of trivial earthly 
accomplishments, but even of unprofitable and shameful 
deeds of their youth. These things should not be 
mentioned among the saints. 

How much better it would be to look at these things 
as God sees them — to repent — and to give our children 
something better. — S.K.B. 



I didn't know I had a dark smudge on my face until 
one of the family members told me. But I was busy 
then > sc hurried on with the work. Soon another 
daughter mentioned it, "Mommy, did you get that scot 
off the stove? M M I guess, 11 I answered^ rushing on. 
I was still involved when I heard , "Mommy, you still 
have that dirt on your face I " When I realized what 
they were saying, it seemed important to me, too, and 
I ran to wash my face. Surely when their faces are 
dirty I think they must be washedl But I couldn't 
see my own. 

How like my faults! I am hurrying through life 
noticing others, yet often fail to see my own I Even 
when I am reminded, it doesn't seem as gross as the 
dirt on other faces I 

"Thou hypocrite, cast cut first the beam out of 

thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to 

pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye. 

(Luke 6:42) it ,, n 

K ' — Martha Cover 


I know not what my future holds, 
But as each day tc me unfolds, 

May I look up. 
Look up beyond this vale if tears, 
Trust God to quell my doubts and fears, 

And fill my cup. 

Questions arise; I wonder why. 

So then with dauntless faith may. I 

Seek God in prayer. 
And there in patience learn His will, 
Until He speaks be calm and still, 

And feel His care. 

— Miriam Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 



(James 4:14) 

Our life is only a vapory 

That for an instant here appears; 

And then vanishes > as paper , 

In the fleeting flame of the years. 

All men of the flesh are as grass , 
Who fade like the flower of the field; 
In a day they're fresh and they pass; 
Before the Lord's power they must yeild. 

In Jesus alone there is life, 
A life that shall not pass away; 
Far beyond mortality's strife, 
In the light of an endless day, 

"Today's the day of salvation;" 
Lord help me to make a quick start , 
And find that sweet consolation, 
Before sin can harden my heart. 

We dare not wait for tomorrow; 
"Tomorrow is mine," says the Lord; 
To wait may bring us great sorrow, 
For the loss we cannot afford. 

So let us remember to say^ 

"That if the Lord will, we shall live;" 

And seek His salvation today, 

Which He is so willing to give. 

Lord, teach me to number my days, 
Apply unto wisdom, my heart; 
That my life may be to Thy praise , . 
By the grace Thy love does impart. 

"To the Glory of God" 
Hollis Flora 
Greenville , Ohio 




"And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There 
stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, 
Come over into Macedonia, and help us. And after he 
had seen the vision, immediately we endeavored to go 
into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had 
called us for to preach the gospel unto them. There- 
fore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight 
course to Samothracia, and the next day to Nea polls; 
And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city 
of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were 
in that city abiding certain days." (Acts 16:9-12) 

With tnese words Luke related the circumstances 
surrounding Paul's' first visit to Philippi, where he 
established his first church in Lurope. Paul's com- 
panion on this trip (his second missionary journey) 
was Silas, and together tney shared the well known 
experiences Luke has recorded in the book of Acts. 
At Philippi they converted Lydia and others and then 
freed a young girl from possession by an evil spirit; 
for this they were thrown in jail. After being beaten 
and chained, "Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises 
unto Goa; u then an earthquake shook the prison and 
freed the prisoners, and the jailer was converted. 
Shortly after that, the two missionaries continued on 
their journey to Thessalonica. 

The church Paul founded at Philippi was evidently 
one of the purest and best loved of New Testament 
times... It waB the only church from which Paul ac- 
cepted offerings of money. The letter to Philippi 
was written while Paul was in prison at Rome about 
ten years after he had established the Philippian 
church. (Paul also had visited Philippi on his third 
missionary journey. ) It was apparently prompted by 
the arrival of Epaphroditus, who journeyed to Paul 
with a gift from the church at Philippi. Epaphroditus 


had been very ill on the way to Rome, and after he re- 
covered Paul sent him back to Philippi with the epistle 
to the Philippians. 

Philippi was a city of ancient Macedonia. Situated 
in the northern fart of Greece and the southeast cor- 
ner of Europe, its importance was largely due to the 
fact that It lay on the great Egnation highway between 
Asia and Rome, It was also famous for its gold mines. 

According to ancient hi story , Philippi was original- 
ly a Thracian outpost called Crenides. In the fourth 
century before Ghrist Philip II of Macedon, the father 
of Alexander the Great, took control of the city, re- 
named It for himself, and fortified it to protect the 
nearby gold mines. When Alexander began his campaigns 
to conquer the world, he started from Philippi. 

In 4-2 B.C. Octavius and hark Antony defeated Brutus 
and Gassius in battle at Philippi, after which Gctaviu^ 
as Augustus Gaesar, made the city a Roman colony. 
Eventually Philippi was given the status of a "first 
city u and was the most important city of that part of 
Macedonia. It is now the site of extensive ruins, 
some of which have been excavated. Archaeologists 
have uncovered a large forum,, market place, theater, 
library and reading room, etc. Also discovered were 
the foundations of the famous arched gateway reaching 
across the Egnation highway which led northwest from 

Information from the Bible, Halley *s Bible Handbook , 
and Encyclopaedia Britannica . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto , California 

"Ogive thanks unto the Lord, for he is good: for 
his mercy endureth for ever. Let the redeemed of the 
Lord say so..." (Psalm 107:1,2) Gratitude is not com- 
plete until it is expressed. It is not to be bottled 
mp within ourselves. It is to be freely and joyously 
expressed as a living testimony. 

. Selected by Susie Sell 



Perhaps the greatest sermon is Jesus 1 Sermon on the 
Mount in Matthew 5, 6, and 7. He began by speaking 
ten verses of blessing called the Beatitudes, These 
blessings are some of the most precious words to 

Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the 
kingdom of heaven. 

Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be 

Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the 

Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after 
righteousness: for they shall be filled. 
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain 

Blessed are the pure In heart: for they shall see 

Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be 
called the children of God. 

Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteous- 
ness sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 
Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and 
persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil 
against ycu falsely, for my sake. 
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your 
reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the 
prophets which were before you. 

. 1* If you have never learned the Beatitudes or have 
forgotten them, try to learn them now. 
2. In Luke 6:20-23 read similar verses of blessings ♦ 
3* "Poor in spirit' 1 means the opposite of "proud." 

4. "Revile" means to call bad names. 

5. Would you say that Jesus wants to help these who 
are lowly and want to follow Him? 

6. Read Matthew 11:28-30 to learn another of Jesus T 
special promises. — L.C. 


VOL. 24 JULY & AUGUST, 1977 NQS. 7 & 8 

n Dear!y beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


I sing the mighty power of God, 

That made the mountains rise, 
That spread the flowing seas abroad, 

And built the lofty skies. 
I sing the wisdom that ordained 

The sun to rule the day; 
The moon shines full at His command, 

And all the stars obey. 

I sing the goodness- of the Lord, 

That filled the earth with food; 
He formed the creatures with His word, 

And then pronounced them good. 
Lord, how Thy wonders are displayed, 

Where'er I turn my eye: 
If I survey the ground I tread 

Or gaze upon the sky I 

There * s not a plant or flower below, 

But makes Thy glories known; 
And clouds arise, and tempests blow 

By order from Thy throne, 
While all that borrows life from Thee 

Is ever in Thy care, 
And everywhere that man can be, 

Thou, God, art present there. Amen. 

By Isaac Watts 

Selected by Miriam E. Hanson 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision,... 
then is the offence of the cross ceased.' 1 (Gal. 5:11) 
"Christ Is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of 
you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace. 
For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of right- 
eousness by faith." (Gal. 5:4,5) 

Today, Christ T s church, His true cross-bearing peo- 
ple, Is an offence to the world. The apostles and the 
church in their .day were an offence to the world. 
Jesus the Son of God was "a stone of stumbling, and a 
rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, 
being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed." 
(I Peter 2:8) This is evident as we study God's word. 

"Christ was In all points tempted like as we are, 
yet without sin." (Heb. 4:15) In Matthew 4 is recorded 
the temptation of Christ. "Again, the devil taketh him 
up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all 
the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And 
saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if 
thou wilt fall down and worship me," (verses 8 & 9) 
Luke 4:6: "...All this power will I give thee, and the 
glory of them: for that is delivered unto me..." That 
was true, only be very careful. These were not deliv- 
ered unto Satan by the Lord God. They were delivered 
over to him by man! Man had yielded to him, and con- 
sequently these kingdoms had all passed under the mas- 
tery of the devil. Just &o are the vast majority in 
the world today subject to the government of the devil . 

Eph. 2:2,3: "Wherein in times past ye walked accord- 
ing to the course of this world, according to the prince 
of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh 
in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we 
all had our conversation in times past in the lusts 
of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and 
of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, 
even as others." 


I Cor. 6:11: "And such were some of you: but ye are 
w ashed 3 but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in 
the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our 
God." Rom. 9:33: "...Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling- 
stone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on 
him shall not be ashamed. 1 ' 

Here is a quote from E. M. Bounds: "There are two 
ways of directing the church: God's way and the devil's 
way. God's way and man's way of running the church are 
entirely at poles. Man's wise plans , happy expedients 
and easy solutions are Satan's devices. The cross is 
retired; the world comes in; self-denial is' eliminated; 
all seems bright, cheerful and prosperous, but Satan's 
hand is on the ark, men's schemes prevail; the church 
fails under these pet devices of men. 

"All God's plans have the mark of the cross on them, 
and all His plans have death to self in them. All God's 
plans have crucifixion to the world in them. But men's 
plans ignore the offense of the cross or despise it. 
Men' s plans have no profound stem or self- immolating 
denial in them. Their gain is of the world. How much 
of these destructive elements, esteemed by men, does 
the devil bring into the church, until all the high, 
unworldly and holy aims, and heavenly objects of the 
church are retired and forgotten?" 

Perhaps this is the key to the condition of the Jews 
when Jesus came; at that time they had degenerated or 
apostatized to a very low point. Just open the New 
Testament and read some of the conflicts He had with 
the scribes and Pharisees. "He came unto his own, and 
his own received Him not." (John 1:11) 

The Bible proves the deity of Jesus t The origin of 
Jesus Ghrist is not related to His birth, nor was His 
nature dependent upon His human ancestry* The coming 
of Jesus to save that which was lost had been predeter- 
mined in the council of God before the earth was formed. 
"Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of 
the world, but was manifest in these last times for you." 
(I Peter l:2o) "And all that dwell upon the earth shall 
worship him, whose names are not written in the book of 
life of the Iamb slain from the foundation of the 


world. 11 (Rev, 13:8) "According as he hath chosen us 
in him before the foundation of the world , that we 
should be holy and without blame before him in love." 
(Epfa. 1:4) So the coming of Jesus to. Bethlehem of 
Judea was not His origin, it was His incarnation. 

The nature of Christ is derived from His eternal 
being, and the ministry of Jesus is beyond the power 
cf man's comprehension. If our Saviour had never made 
any other claim to deity, He still would have covered 
the subject conclusively when He said, n As the Father 
hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to 
have life in himself. " (John 5:26) 

The apostles who knew the Lord Jesus Christ, applied 
the Jehovah tests of the Old Testament to His person 
and works. The significance of this is seen when we 
remember that the apostles were Godly Jews. The name 
of God was sacred to them, and they would never have 
been guilty of such blasphemy as applying the divine 
name to one who was purely human. 

Jesus the Son of God has existed from all eternity. 
He is as eternal as the Father. He has always been 
God. n In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was 
with God, and the Word was God." (John 1:1) Here is 
one text in which God the Father calls Him God; "But 
unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, God, is for ever 
and ever..." (Heb« 1:8) See also Psalm 45:6,7. 

There are many names that show the deity of Jesus 
Christ the Son of God. He is called Jehovah. This 
name is never used in "the Bible to designate anyone 
but the Most High God. W. M. Smith, in his bock "Bible 
Doctrines 11 says, "Elohim" is sometimes applied to 
gods in general as in Ex. 12:12, "...against all the 
gods (elohim) of Egypt I will execute judgment..." 
But 'Jehovah 1 is never so used; it appears only a few 
times in the Old Testament in the Authorized Version 
of the English Bible, but many times in the Hebrew and 
Revised Versions. 

We find it in our common version translated LORD, 
capital and small capitals to distinguish it from 
"Adonai", translated Lord, capital and lower case 
letters. (Note carefully the difference.) This word 


"Adonai" (translated Lord) in its singular form "Adon" 
is frequently used for names other than that of deity, 
being the name used by Sarah of Abraham in Gen, 18:12. 

Therefore to find that Jesus the Son is called Jehovah 
is to prove beyond question that the Bible teaches the 
deity of the Son of God since that name is never used 
to designate anyone but God. Since the word (name) 
Jehovah is Hebrew and therefore does not occur in the 
New Testament , it is necessary to compare texts from the 
Old Testament that speak of Jehovah with texts in the 
New Testament that apply the statements to Jesus Christ, 

One such couplet of texts is Isaiah 6:5 and John 
12:41. In the former we read, " . , .mine eyes have seen 
the King, the LORD (Jehovah) of hosts." The latter, 
speaking of the same circumstance, (See context.) says, 
"These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and 
spake of him." In other words, the Old Testament says 
Isaiah saw Jehovah; but the New Testament says the one 
Isaiah saw was Jesus Christ. 

Other couplets are as follows: Joel 2:32 compared 
with Romans 10:13; Isaiah 40:3 with Matthew 3:3; Isaiah 
8:13,14 with I Peter 2:6-8. There are also others. 

So conclusive is the scripture proof of the deity 
of the Son of God that someone has said: "We are bold 
to say that there is no lofty name by which the Father 
is ever described, which is not given in some place 
or other, to the Son." (To be continued) 

— Raymond Wright sman 
Silver Lake, Indiana 


I have been through the valley of weeping. 

The valley of sorrow and pain, 

But the God of comfort was with me, 

His hand to uphold and sustain. 

As earth needs the clouds and the sunshine, 
Our souls need both sorrow and joy, 
So He places us oft in the furnace, 
The dross from the gold to destroy. 

Selected by Elsie Wolf 




Hymn number 48O has this title, and I would like to. 
make some comment on the hymn# 

Dark and thorny is the desert, 
Through which pilgrims make their way, 
Yet beyond this vale of sorrow 
Lie the fields of endless day; 

This may not seem like a very true statement in our 
day, when we live in a land of abundance and freedom. 
We can live and worship pretty much as we please with- 
out physical hindrance, In fact someone who is reli- 
gious is often rather looked up to. Yet we should re- 
member we are on enemy territory and our adversary is 
putting forth every effort to overcome us. 

Fiends, loud howling through the desert, 
IViake them tremble as they go: 
And the fiery darts of batan 
Often brings their courage low. 

I must confess that these fiery darts often cause 
me to falter and stumble in the way. If the adversary 
can strike us with the dart of discouragement, lust, 
or misplacement of values, it can cause a spiritual 
wound which is sometimes very difficult to heal. When 
this happens it is because we haven't made proper use 
of the "shield of faith" spoken of in Ephesians 6. The 
Lord has provided us with an armor which, if properly 
applied, will repel the attacks of the enemy. Surely 
we need improvement in the use of this armor! When we 
consider our many failures we often feel as the next 
verse expresses it: 

Oh, young pilgrims, are you weary 
Of the roughness of the way? 
Does your strength begin to fail you, 
And your vigor to decay 

It would be impossible for us in our own strength 


and ability to hope to resist or overcome such a 
mighty enemy. How thankful we can be that — 

Jesus , Jesus will go with you, 
He will lead you to His throne • 
He who dyed His garments for you, 
And the wine-press trod alone. 

What a terrible price Jesus has paid in suffering 
and anguish in this struggle, because He loved us 
enough to come and suffer and die to subdue the enemy. 
He is all-powerful, and the victory is certain. 

He whose thunder shakes creation, 
He who bids the planets roll, 
He who rides upon the tempest, 
And whose sceptre sways the whole; 
Round Him are ten thousand angels 
Ready to obey command, 
They are always hovering round you, 
Till you reach the heavenly land. 

There is unfathomable power available to help us 
when we are tempted or fall. I have heard some say- 
in speaking of a bad nabit or weakness, that they 
want to overcome it but just cannot do it. This is 
only true if we are trying to win by our own power. 
It is not the Lord's will that we be cumbered down 
with doubts and bad habits. Or that we be so en- 
grossed in the affairs of this life that our spiritual 
well-being suffers. If we have a problem along this 
line the power to overcome is available! I would 
plead with you to be more diligent in accepting this 
power and putting it to use. How much better testi- 
mony we could be for the Lord if we only would! 

"Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abun- 
dantly above all that we ask or think, according to 
the power that worketh in us, Unto him be glory in the 
church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world 
without end. Amen." (Ephesians 3:20,21, 

— James Beery 
Napanee, Indiana 



But we must not hope for less perilous times. There 
is not the least sign in commerce, legislation, liter- 
ature , or public taste of the advent of a spirit more 
favorable to religion. If the church is to recover, 
it will not be by the decline of her enemy's strength, 
but by the increase of her own. On herself the whole 
burden lies. He who declined to pray for His people 1 s 
removal from the world, declines to make it less peril- 
ous to remain in it. He will not alter, but they must 
overcome the world. Nature, with the same vastness in 
her mountains, and hardness in her rocks, and breadth 
in her oceans, and violence in her storms, and force 
in all her laws, is more than ever subject to man, be- 
cause he has become more skillful. He has discovered 
and asserted his superiority, and she has made loyal 
answer. Let the "children of light" in this also learn 
wisdom from "the children of this generation." Are 
Christians to be scared from their propriety by the 
spirit of fashion and wealth, and the egotism of this 
world — the heavenly by the earthly? Shall a royal 
priesthood, a holy nation, blush, and cringe, and skulk, 
and compromise in a world of shams like this? The cy- 
cles through which the education of the church is ex- 
tended are purposely varied, that the spiritual life 
may show its independence of all accidents and circum- 
stances. It has borne the world's frown, and is now 
called to show no fascination under the world's smile. 

A spiritual life — which is in the will, irresistible 
righteousness ; in the conscience, delicacy and deci- 
sion; in the understanding, light j in the affections, 
reverence and love — is the one thing our churches want, 
and ours today is the high honor of consulting how to 
bring it them or them to it. 

After much thought, I have found the simplest and 
safest answer to the question, "How to revive the 
churches?" to be the answer to another, "How to revive 
myself?" . f . Our tendency to decline is shared by 


all our people, and the conditions of their recovery 
and ours are the same. If the effect of the times 
has been to diminish the church's appreciation of her 
Saviour, and increase her distance from Him, her at- 
tention should be especially directed to the duty of 
getting nearer to him. Our relation to Christ brings 
with it all our privileges and powers. "He that a- 
bideth in me and I in him, the same bringeth forth 
much fruit. 11 Near to Him, we see things as they are, 
and feel and act as we ought. There sin appears the 
abominable thing that it is. There the tinsel of this 
life loses all of its color, and the voices that call 
to worldly greatness have a dull and unexciting sound. 
There the thousand questions of the Scripture are an- 
swered. There all doubts of peraonal acceptance die, 
and the fountains of gratitude and joy are opened. 
Cowardice then changes to courage, indolence to indus- 
try, law is lost in love, and duty in delight. There 
eternity and heaven and the great spirit-world stand 
open, throwing all things terrestrial into the shade. 
We die with Christ, and rise and sit with Him in 
heavenly places. 

.By Samuel Hubditch In 
Gospel Visitor ^ 
December, 1865 
Selected by Daniel F. Wolf 


Return, Holy Dove, return 
To this cold heart of mine. 
Let fires of warm devotion burn, 
And melt my heart to Thine. 

Return as captor of my heart] 
Bid every evil thought 
And every vain desire depart. 
Thy power in me be wrought . 

— Miriam J . Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 



A few weeks ago Dia Data (our hired man's wife) 
wanted to make bread and cake like the the Americans 
as they really like them. Nelson and Dia Data had 
asked Wilmer Longs, Jim hurphys, Russell Garbers and 
us for dinner which would be the next day, Sunday. 

Of course she can't read or write .so I had to show 
her how to make it and just how much of each ingredi- 
ent to use and she had to keep this all in her mind so 
she could do it by herself the next time. 

We started out with the bread first. I had to take 
my bowls and baking pans dox^n to use as she doesn't 
have anything like that. We set the bowl on the wood- 
en bench in the kitchen and put the ingredients on the 
bench also. She didn't have a measuring cup or meas- 
uring spoons so I gave her a measuring cup. She com- 
pared the measuring spoons with an eating spoon (which 
is like our soup spoons) to see how much to use the 
next time. She opened the can of yeast with a butcher 
knife as she has no can opener. After we got all the 
ingredients in the bowl we put the bowl on a chair so 
she could knead the dough. We covered the bowl with 
a cloth sack. We then continued the bread as usual. 

She decided on a chocolate cake so 1 thought the 
wacky cake would be easiest for her to start out with 
since it is mixed in the pan it is baked in. I let 
her use one of my cake pans and did the same as for 
the bread, and again she had to remember what all we 
used and how much of each thing. She didn't have any 
soda, chocolate, vinegar or vanilla so I had to take 
all that. You can buy them in town but she never had 
a need for them before. We baked the bread and cake 
in the Brazilian stove which burns wood. 

She uses all of her tin cans and they don't throw 
anything away. She had even cut the top off a fly 
3pray can and uses the bottom part in the kitchen. I 
thoroughly enjoyed the day but came home thinking a- 
bout my full cupboards and the things I thought 


everyone had to have. I decided we could get along 
without most of these things after all. 

They like visitors to eat in their homes so each 
time I'd go down to work on the bread, she ! d want me 
to eat something before I left. They keep wanting 
visitors to help tnemselves to more as they want them 
to eat plenty. 

On Sunday we were all there for dinner which was 
quite a house full. She had fried fish (Nelson had 
caught them in his net at the river), spaghetti with 
chicken, rice, beans, squash, potatoes and manioc, 
bread, butter, cabbage and tomato salad, doce de leite 
(pudding of 'milk), doce de pao (bread pudding), cake, 
oranges, and cafezinha. Cafezinha is strong black 
coffee with sugar and served in little cups. After 
thanks were offered they served the food cafeteria 
style with the hot food in pans on the stove and the 
other food on tables. We ate on trays which were fur- 
nished by Wi liner's and us, and we furnished the sil- 
verware and glasses as they didn't have enough. They 
only have one or two cups or glasses. The dinner was 

After dinner we took the trays, etc, to the beca 
to wash them. Do you remember what a beca is? It is 
their water supply coming from the stream.. We either 
had to bend way over or squat to wash the dishes as 
the hollowed out palm log was so low to the ground. 
We put soap on 'cloths and washed the dishes, rinsed 
them in the beca and drained them on a board and 
chairs. Then we carried them in the house to dry them 
with dish towels of cloth sacks. 

We really enjoyed the day and wish you could all 
have been here to help us enjoy it and see their won- 
derful hospitality. 

—Violet Flora 
Rio Verde, 
Goias , Brazil 


FLORA— A daughter, Martha Elizabeth, born June 24 

to Buford and Jean Flora of Mount Olive, Mississippi. 



"The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hear- 
est the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it 
ccmeth, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is 
born of the Spirit." (John 3:8) 

Jesus gave Nicodemus this illustration. As I write 
I can look out and see the trees moving on this hot 
afternoon, I can hear the rustle of the leaves as the 
breeze blows in the typical, gusty way of the summer 
afternoon in the foothills of the Sierras, What a 
simple illustration it is I By seeing and hearing the 
effects of the wind, we know it is blowing even though 
we can't see it. And by observing the effects of the 
Spirit on the children of God, we know He is moving, 
though invisably. 

It is also obvious when the adversary is at work. 
In Matthew 7:15-20 Jesus says, "Beware of false pro- 
phets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but in- 
wardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them 
by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or 
figs of thistles?.,. Wherefore by their fruits ye 
shall know them." This was important advice when Jesus 
gave it and it is still vital for us today. Jesus told 
His disciples (Matthew 10:16), "Behold, I send you 
forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore 
wise as serpents, and harmless as doves." In their 
time when the Gospel was met with hostility and they 
preached at the hazard of their lives, it was necessary 
that they recognize the enemy. Today in our country 
we are free from physical persecution. But seen in 
the true light, perhaps today's deception holds an 
even greater threat to the people of God. 

Some of us (and of course most mothers) have been 
privileged to witness a natural birth. It is a very 
special and marvellous event.' When Jesus told Nicodemus 
that a man must be born again, his mind turned immed- 
iately to the natural birth. He knew how impossible 
it would be to repeat that. But Jesus told him that 
it* was something else — that a man must be "born of 
water and of the Spirit." or h^ not enter into 


the kingdom of God, 

To be born of water and of the Spirit, then, is what 
we need. This is what baptism means. At that time 
both John the Baptist and Jesus' disciples were baptiz- 
ing. The Spirit was working and this was a part of the 
observable effects of His operation. Israel had never 
seen anything quite like it. Here were two prophets 
calling the people to M Repent; for the kingdom of Heaven 
is at hand." "...And they came, and were baptized.'* 
(John 3:23) No one could see the Spirit, but it was 
cbvicus that He was working. "Then went out to him 
(John the Baptist) Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all 
the region round about Jordan, And were baptised of 
him in Jordan, confessing their sins." (Matthew 3:5,6) 

But John*s baptism was hot the complete plan. He 
said, "I indeed baptize ycu with water unto repentance: 
but he that cometh after me is mightier that I, whose 
shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you 
with the Holy Ghost, and with fire." (Matthew 3:11) 
When God baptizes "with the Holy Ghost and with fire, u 
and men are born of water and of the Spirit, the result 
is seen in changed lives. Just as the trees move in 
the wind, so are men and women moved by the Holy Ghost. 
They cannot remain still and inactive in their old sin- 
ful lives, but are touched and inspired and stirred as 
the Spirit moves upon them. Old habits are broken. 
The spirit of heaviness is exchanged for the garment 
of praise, "beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourn- 
ing." "Old thin^ are passed away; behold all things 
are become new." The effect is as certain as the wind 
on the trees. When the trees are still, there is no 
breeze. When there is no moving and no change in the 
life, we must conclude that It has not been touched by 
the Spirit of God. — L.C. 

Spirit of the living God, Fall afresh on me. 
Break me, melt me, mould me, fill me. 
Spirit of the living God, Fall afresh on me. 

— By Daniel Iverson 



"As ye have therefore received Ghrist Jesus the 
Lord, so walk ye In him; Rooted and built up in him, 
and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, 
abounding therein with thanksgiving. Beware lest any 
man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, 
after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of 
the world, and not after Ghrist. For In him dwelleth 
all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are 
complete in. him, which is the head of all principality 
and power," (Golossians 2:6-10) 

Thus did Paul exhort the members of the church at 
Colossae. Apparently the new group had been troubled 
by the beginnings of heresy In the form of a combina- 
tion of Greek, Jewish and Oriental religions. Por- 
tions of these three beliefs were combined in the 
name of "philosophy" and taught that one could achieve 
a higher level of worship or a more perfect salvation 
by worshipping angels, strictly observing various 
Jewish laws, etc. The result of this heresy was to 
obscure the glory and divinity of Ghrist; thus, Paul's 
message to the Golossians was centered around the 
deity of Ghrist, who "is the head of the body, the 
church." (Golossians 1:18) 

It is not definitely known whether or not Paul 
ever visited Colossae. He traveled through Phrygia 
on both his second and third missionary journeys. but 
possibly did not stop at either Laodicea or Colossae. 
(Golossians 2:1) The church there could have been an 
extension of Paul's work at Ephesus or founded by 
Epaphras. It was Epaphras who brought news of 
Golossae to Paul. Also, according to Acts 2:10 men 
from Phrygia and possibly Golossae were in Jerusalem 
at Pentecost. 

Colossae was a city of Phrygia, located in the 
Lycus Valley eleven miles east of Laodicea and one 
hundred miles inland from Ephesus. Situated on the 


trade route between Ephesus and the Euphrates River, 
Colossae was a prominent , prosperous city of the an- 
cient world. Along with Hierapolis and Laodicea, 
Golossae engaged in commerce in wool from sheep herded 
in the Lycus Valley. This wool was dyed and then wo- 
ven; in fact, the word "Golossian" was a technical 
description for a certain color of wool. 

Before the time of the apostle Paul, Golossae had 
declined in importance. The reason for this was that 
the trade route was changed and passed through Laodicea 
instead of Golossae; thus, Laodicea became prosperous 
during the first century before Christ. In both of 
these cities there existed Jewish colonies due to the 
fact that Antiochus III of Syria (242-187 B.C.) had 
taken many Jews to Phrygia to settle there during his 

After its decline Golossae gradually disappeared 
from history. Some scholars speculate that it was 
destroyed by the same earthquakes that struck Laodicea 
and Hierapolis. Some state that it was deserted dur- 
ing Arab invasions of the seventh and eighth centuries; 
others write that the Turks destroyed Colossae in the 
twelfth century and left it in ruins. Archaeological 
discoveries include a ruined theater, many marble 
columns, and an ancient church. 

Information from the Bible, Halley ! s Bible Handbook, 
Encyclopaedia Britannica and Golossians and Philem on % 
by Edward Lohse . 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


The Salida Congregation of the Old Brethren Church 
have agreed, the Lord willing, to hold our fall Love- 
feast en October 1 & 2. A hearty invitation and wel- 
come is extended to all of our members and friends to 

attend * —Daniel F. Wolf 



If you should .see Jesus 
Walking down the road, 
Would you run to Him 
With arms out-thrown? 

If He should, all of a sudden, 
Appear at your side, 
Would you press closer to Him 
Or run away and hide? 

It ! s time to think about 
All of these things now, 
For the wrong things we do 
He will not allow. 

By Brent Flora 

Rio Verde, Goias, Brazil 

This pcem by Brent made me think of the time when 
Jesus will come here again and we can really run to 
meet Him. 

Hie Bible says, "For the Lord himself shall descend 
from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the arch- 
angel,.. " (I Thess. 4:16) The angel said to the dis- 
ciples when Jesus ascended to heaven, "Ye men of Galilee, 
why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, 
which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come 
in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven." 
(Acts 1:11) And Jesus said, "...I go to prepare a place 
for you. And if I go to prepare a place for you, I 
will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where 
I am, there ye may be also." (John 14:2,3) 

All little children will be glad when Jesus comes • 
If we really love Him, we will want to do what pleases 
Him. When your parents gc away for awhile — even a few 
hours — I know you are glad when they come back home. 
And you are especially glad if you have finished the 
jobs they left for you to do, or if you were just good 
children. That is the way it can be when Jesus returns 
to call His children home. — L.C. 


VOL. 24 SEPTEMBER, 1977 NO. 9 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Oh, could I speak the matchless worth, 
Oh, could I sound the glories forth, 

Which in my Saviour shine I 
I T d soar and touch the heavenly strings, 
And vie with Gabriel while he sings 

In tones almost divine, 

I'd sing the precicus blood He spilt, 
My ransom from the dreadful guilt, 

Of sin, and wrath divine: 
I ! d sing His glorious righteousness, 
In which all-perfect heavenly dress 

My soul shall ever shine. 

I.?d sing the characters He bears, 
And all the forms of love He wears, 

Exalted on His throne; 
In loftiest songs of sweetest praise, 
I would to everlasting days 

Make all His glories known. 

Well — the delightful day will come 
When my dear Lord will bring me home, 

And I shall see His face; 
Then with my Saviour, Brother, Friend, 
A blest eternity I'll spend, 

Triumphant In His grace. 

—Samuel Medley, 1789 

"THE F'll—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Danie! F, Wolf. 

Romans 1 : 18-20 

"For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven a- 
gainst all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who 
hold the truth in unrighteousness; Because that which 
may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath 
shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him 
from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being 
understood by the things that are made, even his eter- 
nal power and Godhead; so that they are without ex- 
cuse ♦ n 

Rightly placed in the gospel^ God's wrath is a pos- 
itive and constructive teaching. Today's child, daily 
exposed to "the wickedness of mankind in newspapers, 
literature, television programs, etc., has great need 
to know of God's wrath against willful sinners. 

Webster gives "wrath" as a "heightened sentiment of 
anger." God's wrath is clearly revealed in Scripture 
and is associated with divine judgment. Eternal death 
is also associated with God's wrath and is a revela- 
tion of God's judgment of ungodly sinners. 

Natural death in the family brings us close to God. 
Faithful, wounded hearts seek God's healing grace at 
such times. I now thank God for Christian parents, 
who, from my earliest recollection, took their chil- 
dren to the funerals of bereaved friends and acquaint- 
ances. The Scriptures and sacred hymns spoke elo- 
quently of Jesus' victory over death and gave promise 
of a time when sorrow will change to joy. 

Our study text here was addressed to "all that be 
in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints." 
Christian families were there, as elsewhere, soon the 
basic units of the Christian churches. Babes in arms 
heard the name "Jesus" from the first day of birth. 


Bedtime stories were of God's wondrous power and 
Jesus 1 love. Children soon learned and loved the 
songs of praise to God. Faithful parents and teachers 
held forth Jesus 1 teaching of heaven and hell. 

But the Ghristian teacher, whether parent or other- 
wise, must first be taught and grounded in the truth. 
There must be deep conviction and Holy Spirit teaching 
of God's revealed deity and power. 

Paul introduces the wrath of God in connection with 
the gospel of Christ, 1:16-17, "For I am not ashamed 
of the gospel of Christ; for it is the power of God' 
unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew 
first, and also to the Greek. For therein is the 
righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith; as 
it is written, The just shall live by faith. " 

We must first see God's righteousness and then we 
can understand that his is a righteous wrath of God 
against all enlightened but willful sinners, as he 
will show, in chapter 11, that both God's goodness and 
His severity must be seen in God's dealing with the 
race of mankind. Again in chapter 2; 4-6^ "Or despisest 
thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and 
longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God 
leadeth thee to repentance? But after thy hardness 
and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath 
against the day of wrath and revelation of the right- 
eous judgment of God; Who will render to every man 
according to his deeds." 

II Corinthians 5:11; "Knowing therefore the terror 
of the Lord, we persuade men ..." 

"The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom." 
It starts in God's revelation of his great love and 
goodness to man created in God's Image. Our first 
teaching of children must start with God's goodness 
and greatness in His handiwork. 

Each mouthful of food is a token of God's love and 
goodness to us; each drink of water an expression of 
His faithfulness to us; each breath of air a reminder 
of His loving care; each morning a renewal of light 
and energy; each evening a recounting of His mercies. 
In unconscious sleep He tenderly watches over us. Do 


we, perchance, thank God for our food and forget Him 
the rest of the day? What kind of teachers are we? 

God speaks to us by the created things we see every 
day and night. Are we listening? 

"The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.' 1 
The Psalmist found himself corning back again and again 
to God's great goodness in the earth. Soon he was 
singing even at night on his bed. We, too, in faith- 
fully and honestly recounting God's greatness and 
goodness to us soon find ourselves rejoicing on higher 

The Christian home that neglects constant thankful- 
ness to God is failing God and also the little ones 
ne has entrusted to our care. Sweet candies and many 
toys will never make up for this lack. 

God T s greatness can be felt in watching the stars 
come to view in the evening, and noting the gracious, 
lovely moon. Daylight brings out the many and varied 
"kinds" of His creation. Awareness of this is best 
taught by actual contact. Design and color; seed, 
stalk, leaf, bud, flower arid fruit each speak their 
own message of the goodness of God and of His wondrous 
designing in all His creation. 

The child's mind and conscience is being conditioned 
to joyful praise and also to find talent and place for 
purposeful and effective service for God. The Bible 
starts with God as Creator. Here God spoke everything 
into existence. His written word is now for our 

Indifference can be the keenest of insults. Man's 
indifference to God's plain revelation of Himself to 
man is the sin, willful sin against better light. 
Here man carelessly and indifferently insults his 

Jesus portrayed these insults to God in a parable, 
Luke H: 15-24-, and concluded "none of these men who 
were bidden shall taste of my supper." 

Some day that small child will have to make a great 
decision for or against God. Ours is now to teach 
happy, joyous thanksgiving to God for His great 


eternal goodness surrounding us on every side. The 
lesson will unfailingly lead to its final conclusion, 

Galatians 6:7-9: "Be not deceived; God is not 
mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he al- 
so reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the 
flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the 
Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting* 
And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due 
season we shall reap. If we faint not." 

—James D. Gover 
Modesto, California 


At least twice this question was the subject of 
dispute among the twelve* apostles of Jesus. The first 
time (Mark 9:33-37) was on the way to Capernaum. It 
was likely a subdued dispute because Jesus was not 
supposed to hear. But He didn't need to, hear, to know 
their problems, and He asked them about it on arrival 
in. Capernaum. 

The. second time recorded (Mark 10:35-45 and hatthew 
20:20-28) was a request made by James, John an>d their 
mother that these two would have the most prominent 
positions — on either side of Jesus in glory. When the 
ten heard this they were much displeased with James 
and John. 

These two incidents, pointing out a great human 
weakness, became occasions for Jesus to give us vital 
lessons on humility and service. The pride of Pharaoh 
of Moses 1 time, of Nebuchadnezzar, and of many of 
Israel's kings and their desire to be great and have 
authority and rule over men show to us this weakness 
in its extreme. But it is not reserved for rulers on- 
ly. The desire to be great or important and honored 
seems to have a place in the human nature. It has been 
the downfall of men from kings and rulers to lesser 
leaders and even church men. Yes, it can even find a 
way into the thinking of you and me unless we know the 
true greatness. 


Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? The 
disciples came to Jesus with this question. (Matthew 
1 8:1 J We do well to learn from Jesus 1 answer. "And 
Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in 
the midst of them, (hark records that Jesus took the 
child in His arms. ) And said, Verily I say unto you, 
Except ye be converted and become as little children, 
ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. Who so- 
ever therefore shall humble himself as this little 
child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven." 
We might notice that Jesus told them first something 
they didn't ask, that in order to even enter the king- 
dom of heaven we must be converted and become as lit- 
tle children. Surely He is telling us that this is 
more important than to wonder who will be the great- 
est. And then He answered their question by telling 
them that the same qualities — humbling ourselves as 
that little child — also determine greatness in the 
kingdom. He didn't pinpoint a certain attribute of a 
child — He just said we should be like one. 

We might mention some of the traits of children. 
They are small. They forgive each other; their quar- 
rels are soon forgotten. They are trusting: in their 
thinking their parents can do anything and solve any 
problem. They are simple and open — never hypocritical 
or deceiving. When hurt they go to Mama or Daddy to 
get fixed up. Jesus had good reason to say vie should 
be like them. 

When James and John made their request for top po- 
sitions in the kingdom, Jesus gave the apostles an- 
other good lesson on true greatness. He told them 
that the Gentiles have their princes and great men 
that exercise authority upon them. " But it shall not 
be so among you : but whosoever will be great among 
you, let him be your minister; And whosoever will be 
chief among you, let him be your servant: Even as the 
Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to min- 
ister, and to give his life a ransom for many. " 
(Matthew 20:26-28) We notice Jesus* use of the word 
"minister" is perhaps a little different from its use 


in our time. He used it right, of course. The old 
meaning of "minister 11 according .to Webster is "a ser- 
vant or attendant." We would understand it this way 
just from the context of Jesus 1 words. 

When the church became a great business with power- 
ful leaders, "priests 11 or "reverends 1 ^ then the servant 
meaning of "minister" got left out., This does not 
mean the ministry has no authority and is only slave 
to the vote and call of the assembly. But it does 
mean that a true pastor or minister is one who serves 
like Jesus served. Related scriptures" on tiiis subject 
are; I Peter 5:2,3, "Feed the flock of .God wnich Is 
among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by con- 
straint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a 
ready mind; Neither as being lords over God*s heritage, 
but being ensamples to the flock." Hebrews 13:17, 
"Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit 
yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they 
that must give account, that they may do it with joy, 
and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.' 1 
Jeremiah prophesied, "Woe be unto the pastors that de- 
stroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! saith the 
Lord." (Jeremiah 23:1) 

Each time we wash each other's feet in the way 
Jesus directed us to do, we acknowledge that we are 
servants one of another. We acknowledge that, as 
Jesus said, ". . . One is. your faster, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren." (Matthew 23:8) He said we 
should do this because of his example. As Lord and 
Master, Jesus washed His disciples' feat. (He also 
ministered to them, fed tttem and died for them and us.) 
And then He told them, "Verily, verily, I say unto, you, 
The servant is not greater' than ids lord; neither is 
he that is sent greater. than he that sent him. If ye 
know these things, happy are ye if ye do them." We 
are the "servants" and the ones sent> and we can well 
be asked to serve as our Lord served. 

Who then shall be the greatest? Mot the one who 
exalts himself and- wants honor and glory of men. Not 
the one who thinks he is great and desires to be first. 
But he will have true greatness in God's sight who in 


childlike humility is willing to serve. Truly to do 
this we must be converted and by the Spirit of God be 
partakers of the divine nature. 

n But he that is greatest among you shall be your 
servant. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be 
abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be ex- 
alted. « (Matthew 23:11,12) 

"If any man desire to be first, the same shall be 
last of all, and servant of all." (Mark 9:35) — L.C. 


Now consider the amazing statement of John the 
Apostle, who knew Jesus perhaps better than any other 
man that ever walked the earth. 

In Revelation 1:17,18 John describes Christ in 
these words, "And when I saw him, I fell at his feet 
as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying 
unto me, Fear not; 1 am the first and the last: I am 
he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive 
for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of 

Revelation 22:13: "I am Alpha and Omega, the be- 
ginning and the end, the first and the last. " 

It is impossible to escape the significance of 
these words. To Jesus Christ is applied the Old 
Testament description of tiie one great God. 

This certainly was the view held by Paul the 
Apostle. Read the clear prophecy of Jeremiah 23:6 and 
I Corinthians 1:30. Thus Paul, led by the Holy Spirit, 
ascribed to the man Jesus the attribute of righteous- 
ness, which is one of the names of the LORD (Jehovah). 

Jeremiah the prophet speaks of God in this charac- 
teristic name, "THE LORD (Jehovah) OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS." 
Paul addresses the Saviour in these familiar terms, 
"Jesus Christ our Righteousness." 

Psalm 2U is the Psalm of the uplifted gates and of 
the coming in of the LORD of Glory. Verse 10 reads, 


"Who is this King of glory?" Read all the Psalm to 
get the full meaning; also read I Corinthians 2:8. 
Thus the conclusion of Paul the Apostle is that the 
God of Psalm 2^:10 is the Redeemer Who triumphed 
through Calvary's dark and tragic suffering. To this 
agrees the Apostle James. Read James 2:11. 

The Apostles had the finest authority for ascribing 
the LORD (Jehovah) texts of the Old Testament to Jesus, 
for Jesus Himself assumed the name Jehovah. In His 
teaching to His disciples and in many of His contro- 
versies with His enemies, He frequently called Himself 
by the name of God. One outstanding case is in the 
great controversy recorded in the eighth chapter of 
John, which is the subject of the disputation about 
the origin and nature of the Saviour. His enemies 
were sneering at His claim to pre-existence and were 
accusing Him of blasphemy because He identified 
Himself with the Person of God. Wiien He continued to 
refer to God as His Father, they took refuge in the 
fact that they were children of Abraham and were thus 
the heirs of all the covenants and promises that God 
had made with the Patriarcn. Jesus quietly replied 
that Abraham their father had rejoiced to see Christ's 
day and was glad because of the promise of His appear- 
ing. With deepening anger, the Jews demanded to know 
how a man not yet fifty years old could have known 
Abraham and the prophets and brought the argument to 
a close demanding, "Whom makes t thou thyself to be?" 
Their indignation burst its bounds when Jesus calmly 
replied, "Before Abraham was, I AM J 1 

Perhaps the startling nature of this episode is not 
clear to many of us, but to the Jews, whose minds were 
steeped in the Mosaic writings, His meaning could not 
be made clearer. To shed light upon His amazing ut- 
terance, turn to Exodus 3. There we are told that as 
Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father in 
law, he led the flock to. the. back side of the desert 
and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. "And 
the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of 
fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and 
behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was' 


not consumed." And as Moses drew near to the bush he 
w as greeted by the voice- of God, offering him a com- 
mission to lead the .children of Israel out of bondage 
into the freedom of the promised land. In the course 
of this conversation, Moses asked a natural question. 
(It must be remembered that the children of Israel 
had been- in bondage many generations and, we are told, 
they had absorbed the philosophy and religion of 
Egypt. The Egyptians were the most pantheistic and 
polytheistic race of antiquity — which means they wor- 
shipped many gods and goddesses.) 

Exodus 3:13, 14: "And Moses said unto God, Behold, 
when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall 
say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me 
unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? 
What shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses, 
I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto 
the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you." 
So when the Jews asked Jesus, "Whom makest thou thy- 
self?" and when He named Himself as the "I AM," they 
understood Him to be claiming identity with the God 
Who spoke to Moses from the b urni ng bush. In their 
eyes this was the ultimate blasphemy, and they were 
justified in their attempt to execute the offender, 
unless , of course, He was speaking the truth! 

Another incident was when Jesus healed the impotent 
man on the sabbath day. John 5 :^ 6-1 8 says, "And 
therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to 
slay him, because he had done these things on the 
sabbath day. But Jesus answered them, My Father 
worketh hitherto, and I work. Therefore the Jews 
sought the more to kill him, because he not only had 
broken the sabbath, - but said also that God was his 
Father, /making hiinse If equal with. God." 

In Matthew 26:38 Jesus said these words: "My soul 
is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye 
here/ and watch with me. . .0 my Father, if it be. 
possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless 
not/ as I will, but as thou wilt."/ Verse 50: "... 
Than came they and laid hands on Jesus, and took him." 


This is the One Who comforted Abel when he died in the 
blood shed by Gain; the One Who inspired Enoch, when 
without dying he went to God; Noah's security when he 
drifted on the water of the great flood; David's 
Deliverer; the One Who gave Solomon wisdom; Mho through 
the Spirit informed the prophets; for all who feared 
God, "the Lamb that taketh away the sin of the world." 
They laid hands on this Jesus! Jesus Whose "Spirit did 
signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings 
of Christ, and the glory that should follow." (I Peter 

Luke 4-; 18: "The Spirit of the LORD is upon me, be- 
cause he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the 
poor . . . and recovering of sight to the blind, to 
set at liberty them that are bruised." 

"Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the 
prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be 
lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to me." 
(John 12:31,32) The world is condemned by the power 
of the cross. (To be continued) 

— Raymond Wright sman 
Silver Lake, Indiana 


The Salida Congregation of the Old Brethren Church 
have agreed, the Lord willing, to hold our fall Love- 
feast on October 1 & 2. A hearty invitation and wel- 
come is extended to all of our members and friends to 

attend - —Daniel F. Wolf 

We, the members of the Old Brethren of our Eastern 
District have chcsen October 22 & 23 for a fall Com- 
munion date at the Wakarusa meeting house, and October 
30 for the Communion in Canada near Maple, Ontario, 
the Lord willing. We extend a hearty invitation to 
members and friends to be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 



MARY ELIZA FLORA was born October 16", 1886 at 
Covington, Ohio, daughter of Oliver 1. and Catherine 
(Murray) Cover. In March, 1897 the family moved to 
Bangor, Michigan. 

At the' age of 17 years, she accepted Jesus Christ 
as her Savior, She was baptized on June 26, 1904- into 
the Old German Baptist Church, South Haven district, 
Michigan, by Elder Abram Fisher. 

On February 19, 1905 she was married to John H. 
Flora, son of Stephen and Sallie Flora. In 1907 they 
moved from klchigan to Whittier, California; then in 
September, 1909 they moved to the Modesto and Ripon 
area. They were the parents of five children and were 
a happy family that now cherishes many precious mem- 
ories. They identified themselves with the Old 
Brethren Church of Salida, where they worshipped for 
many years. 

Her beloved husband passed away on August 5, 195 4. 
Mary remained living in the Modesto area, and her 
sweet countenance and manner were an inspiration to 
all who knew and loved her. Hex talk centered on 
Christ and His love, and she had a deep concern for 
those that had not accepted the Lord she loved so 

In April, 1976 she was taken to the Hilltop Con- 
valescent Hospital in Escondido, where she peacefully 
passed away on August 10, 1977, at the age of 90 years, 
9 months and 2k days, 

Sh0 is survived by five children: Samuel Flora of 
San Marcos, California; Carmon Flora of Coral Springs, 
Florida; Marian Gray of Modesto; Oliver Flora of 
Carmi^hael, and Lois Dunlop of Burbank; one sister, 
Alma $arber 'of Ripon; 8 grandchildren and 11 great 
grandchildren. She was preceded in death by two sis- 
ters, 'Sadie Cover and Emma Boyd, and one brother, 
Jesse J>' Cover. Services were held August 13 at Salas 
Brothers Chapel by Daniel F. Wolf assisted by Joseph 
and Leslie Cover. Singing was by Martin Garber and 
the congregation. Burial was in Wood Colony Cemetery. 



"Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and 
Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a 
synagogue of the Jews: And Paul, as his .manner was, 
went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned 
with them out of the scriptures . . . And some of them 
believed . • - of the devout Greeks a great multitude, 
and of the chief women not a few. But the Jews which 
believed not, moved with envy . . . and set all the 
city on an uproar . . . And the brethren immediately 
sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea; who 
coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews." 
(Acts 17:1-10) 

This is an abbreviated account of Paul's visit to 
Thessalonica on his second missionary journey, about 
51 A.D. He went there after his stay in Philippi, 
where he and Silas had been imprisoned and then freed 
by an earthquake sent from God, after which the jailer 
was converted. As they continued on their journey to 
Thessalonica, Paul and Silas found the same . circum- 
stances as in other areas; many Gentiles received 
them gladly and accepted the Lord, and many Jews 
troubled Paul and Silas and forced them to flee the 

Thessalonica was founded in 315 B.C. by Cassander, 
the husband of Alexander the Great's half sister, 
Thessaloniki, for whom the city was named. Built on 
a fertile plain and facing a good harbor on the north- 
west corner of the Aegean Sea, it had an ideal loca- 
tion. Also, like Philippi, Thessalonica was situated 
on the famous Northern Military Highway from Rome to 
Asia Minor, called the Egnation Way. Thessalonica 
was located about one hundred miles west of Philippi. 

Throughout history Thessalonica has played an im- 
portant role. In Apostle Paul's time it was a stra- 
tegic commercial and military center and the leading 


city of Macedonia. Roman monuments still stand as a 
testimony to Thessalonica T s prominence. The most 
.conspicuous of these is the Triumphal Arch of Galerius, 
erected in 303 A.D. and depicting successful scenes 
from his career. The oldest existing building, called 
the Rotunda , is estimated to have been built about ' 
390 A. D. as a mausoleum for 'Galerius. During the 
fifth century it was converted into the Church of 
St. George; later, when the Turks were in control, 
it was made a Turkish mosque. Today it is a museum 
exhibiting the oldest and possibly the most elaborate 
Byzantine mosaics in Thessalonica. 

The most prosperous time for Thessalonica was dur- 
ing the Byzantine period, which followed the Roman 
Empire. At that time Thessalonica was the most im- 
portant city in Byzantium except for its capital, 
Constantinople. Nineteen historic churches, the 
oldest* dating from the fifth century, still stand and 
are excellent examples of what was called Greek 
Christian art. 

During the twelfth century Thessalonica was occu- 
pied by the armies of the Second Crusade. In 1 430 it 
was conquered by the Turks, who remained in power un- 
til 1912. For many years it was called Salonika un- 
til 1937, when the name Thessaloniki was officially 

The Jewish population in Thessalonica is descended 
from a group of twenty thousand Jews who were expelled 
from Spain in 1^92. These people figured prominently 
over the years in the commercial activities of the 
city; in 1926 the first annual International Trade 
Fair was held there, for which they were largely re- 
sponsible. During World War II Nazi leaders exter- 
minated all but about four thousand of the Jews living 
in Thessalonica at that time. This small remnant is 
now a rich minority of mostly professional people. 

Thessalonica is today a prosperous city of five 
hundred thousand people, the second largest city in 
modern Greece and connected to Athens by a modern 
highway. Its main street still takes its name from 


the old Roman highway, Via Egnatia, where the Arch of 
Galerius stands. Partially destroyed by a fire in 
1917, Thessalonica has been rebuilt and is a modern 
city with a very interesting past. 

Information from the Bible, Halley ' s Bible Handbook ^ 
Portrait of Greece , by Nicholas Gage and Greece , The 
Unclouded Eye , by Colin Simpson. 

— Dorothy Moore 

Modesto, California 


While visiting in the home of a brother and sister 
in the east last spring, an incident occurred that 
has left an impression on me. 

As we were visiting inside, the children were out 
playing in the yard. All of a sudden one of the little 
boys came crying to his mother and told her he'd been 
hurt and who it was that hurt him. Before any inves- 
tigation, she kindly asked him, "Have you forgiven 

I had to think what a good lesson she was teaching 
him. Whether or not apologies or restitutions are 
made, our responsibility is to forgive. Surely this 
little boy will grow up (as all of us can and should) 
forgiving those who trespass against him. 

"And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, 
forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake 
hath forgiven you." (Ephesians 4:32) 

— Erma Miller 

Sonora, California 


Upon the hill where Jesus died 

They pierced His- hands, His feet, His side. 

Five scars tell all below, above, 

The story of redeeming love. 

I. Cover 



It is school time again for children* Once more 
you will be seeing your friends that -you have not 
been with so much through the summer. When we 
associate with more friends it takes special kind- 
ness to get along well. 

The Bible says, (I Corinthians 13:4) "Charity 
suffereth long, and is kind..." This means that if 
we have charity or love for each other we will be 
kind. When we are kind, we try to help each other. 
We don ! t say things that would hurt others. 

Who was the kindest one that ever lived? Of 
course it was Jesus. He said to treat others like 
we would like to be treated. "And as ye would that 
men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise." 
(Luke 6:31) If we want to be treated kindly, then 
we must be kind. 

Jesus was kind to children when He was here. He 
wanted them to come to Him and receive His love and 
blessings. Jesus is the one who told about the shep- 
herd leaving his ninety and nine sheep and going - 
into the mountains after the one that was lost. When 
he finds it he carries it home rejoicing. Jesus is 
the Good Shepherd and kindly seeks those who are lost. . 

In Luke 6:35 it says that God is kind even to the 
unthankful and to the evil, and that we are to be 
like God this way. This means we should be kind even 
to those who aren't always nice in return. 

It r s good practice to be kind to birds and pets. 
It helps us be kind to people, too. I know from my 
childhood that boys sometimes like to tease animals, 
but this is not being kind. If we are not careful 
we can even injure pets by being unkind to them. 

Most of all it is important to be kind to each 
other. It is the best way to have lots of good friends. 
Proverbs 18:24 says, "A man that hath friends must 
shew himself friendly..." That means being kind. — L.C, 


VOL. 24 OCTOBER, 1977 NO. 10 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as stronger? and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


In the hour of trial* Jesus, plead for me; 

Lest by base denial, I depart from Thee. 

When Thou see T ^t me waver, with a look recall* '.-■; 

Nor for fear or favor suffer me to fall. 


With forbidden pleasures would this vain world charm, 
Or its sordid treasures spread to work me harm; 
Bring to my remembrance sad Gethsemane, 
Or, in darker semblance, cross-crowned Calvary. 

Should Thy mercy send me sorrow, toil, and woe, 
Or should pain attend me on my path below,' 
Grant that I may never fail Thy hand to see: 
Grant that I may ever cast my care on Thee. 

When my last hour cometh, fraught with strife and pain, 
When my dust returneth to the dust again; 
On Thy truth relying > through that mortal strife: 
Jesus, take me, dying, to eternal life. 

— James Montgomery 

"THE F^ll—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, 
not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for 
his sake. 1 * (Philippians 1:29) 

When God had finished all His work of creation in 
six days, He looked upon all that He had made and pro- 
nounced it "very good." There was no suffering nor 
any sorrow. "And the Lord God planted a garden east- 
ward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had 
formed. And out of the ground made the Lord God to 
grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and 
good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of 
the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and 

By this we see that it was God's purpose and will 
that man should live in a blessed and happy state on 
this earth. There was nothing withheld from them that 
was' "good." And in addition to the blessed habitation 
of beauty and plenty, the Source and Spring of life 
was there in the Presence of God their Creator, Who 
"walked in the Garden." 

There is no indication of any suffering or sorrow 
in the creation — surely it was "very good." The TREE 
OF LIFE also was in the midst of the garden and the 
"tree of knowledge of good and evil." It should be 
carefully observed that it does .not say the tree of 
good and evil, but the tree of KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD MB 
EVIL: indicating that at that time EVIL was already 
a fact, and that it was the opposite of, or OPPOSED 
to GOOD* Since God is not arbitrary but has good and 
sufficient reason for all that He does, and since. He 
created man "very good" and placed him in such a 
blessed estate and warned them not to partake of the 
forbidden fruit, we must believe that there was good 
and sufficient reason for the tree of knowledge of 
good and evil to be in the Garden; and God's love and 


good will toward His beloved creatures was demon- 
strated by His warning of the awful c-onsequences that 
would follow if they should partake of it. For it 
appears thereby that God was willing to spare man from 
having any part In the great controversy that existed 
between GOOD and MIL. 

But in Genesis 3:5 another character is introduced 
to our Intelligence who is called n the serpent" who 
disputed the truth of God T s warning and beguiled the 
woman into disobeying God*s Word, and she did eat of 
the forbidden fruit and gave also unto her husband and 
he did eat. He was able to accomplish this by subtil- 
ty, by casting doubt on the truth of God's Word and 
with the inference that God was withholding something 
from them that was good, insinuating that God is not 
good. The remaining part of the chapter tells the 
sad consequence of their disobedience, for then began 
sorrow and suffering and finally death to Adam and 
his posterity. 

In the twelfth chapter of Revelation the serpent 
of Genesis 3 is identified as the "Great Dragon, that 
Old Serpent called the Devil and Satan," Therefore 
the "serpent" called the "Devil and Satan" is the 
original cause of all the suffering and sorrow of the 
"whole Creation that groaneth and travaileth together 
until now." "For as by one man sin entered into the 
world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all 
men, for that all have sinned." 

The Apostle Paul says in II Corinthians 2:11, 
". . , lest Satan should get an advantage of us;- for 
we are not ignorant of his devices." We believe that 
"Lucifer" of Isaiah 14- is the same person called 
Satan and the Devil. (Lucifer may have been his name 
before his fall.) And there he is represented as in- 
tending to "set his throne above the stars of God" 
and "to be like the Most High." In Matthew & 9 he 
makes the strange and startling request of Jesus the 
Son of God to fall down and worship him, which shows 
the motive of his opposition to God and the attacks 
he makes upon His children. 


Much of Satan's iniquitous "devices" are exposed in 
the book of Job, wherein are revealed many things con- 
cerning the problem of suffering which we would not 
otherwise know. Job's experience seems to be a pattern 
of the whole controversy between God and Satan; or 
GOOD and EVIL* The great fact revealed in it is that 
such a conflict is in progress, and because the issue 
is an eternal one, Satan presses, the battle with unre- 
lenting fury and treachery. And his chief strategy is 
to rob God of the affection and faithful service of His 
children by any means possible and to cause them to 
mistrust and think evil of their Creator. 

This he does by many evil devices, one of which is 
to directly, or indirectly, bring misery upon humanity 
and then present himself as a sort of partner or com- 
panion with those who are so injured, to suggest that 
it is God who is the cause of their evil — to cause them 
to believe that God is not good to His creation, but 
an enemy. This manner of attack is clearly revealed 
in the book of Job. 

Satan is supremely selfish, as God is supremely 
benevolent; and he probably believes all other beings 
to be selfish like himself. Therefore he accused both 
God and Job of selfishness in the matter of Job's 
faithful service to God. He charged God with purchas- 
ing Job's service with gifts and charged Job with serv- 
ing God' for §ain. For he said, "Doth Job serve God 
for naught?" He further charged that if God would 
withdraw His blessings, Job would curse Him to His 
face, and then in his "partnership" role he moved Job's 
wife to suggest to him that he should "curse God and 

Satan made two propositions concerning Job in par- 
ticular, but aimed at all humanity: (1 ) That Job's 
service to God was for gain (selfishness) which means 
that no one would serve God, or his fellow man, from a 
pure motive of love. (2) That Job would not remain 
faithful unto God under sore bodily affliction and 
threat of death but would retaliate with bitterness and 
cursing: for he said, "All that a man hath will he 


give, for his life." Both propositions proved false, 
for when the messengers of evil tidings came' and told : 
Job of the loss of all his possessions, he said, "The 
Lord giveth and the Lord taketh away; blessed be the ■ 
name of the Lord." And when he was in a pitiful state 
of bodily suffering and corruption and his wife ad- 
vised him to "curse God and die," he rebuked her and- 
said, "What? shall we receive good at the hand of 
God, and shall we not receive evil?" And again he 
said, "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in. him. " 

The great lesson, therefore, to be learned from 
Job*s experience is to be patient in suffering and. 
never lose faith in God.. Job is a type of .personal 
victory over Satan through faith in God. The Apostle 
John says, "This is tne victory, even our faith." And 
so it was for Job. At the time he was stricken he, did 
not know the cause of his affliction, but by maintain- 
ing his integrity he wrought with God and won a great 
victory over Satan. Perhaps through Job*s experience 
and victory God's name was greatly magnified to all 
the people of the £*ast where Job lived. Particularly 
to be noticed is Job's reaction and conduct under af- 
fliction: for the Bible says, "In all this Job sinned 
not, nor charged God foolishly." 

There are many people in the world who become bit- 
ter under personal loss or bodily affliction and 
charge God foolishly witii being the cause of their 
calamity, when in fact it may be because of their own 
sins or the result of the sorrowing and suffering of 
humanity in general, of which all flesh is heir to as 
the result of the first sin in Eden which was brought 
about by Satan, and not God. 

Even the faithful often wonder why God allows the 
righteous to suffer and why He permitted Satan to af- 
flict Job as -he did. Job also wondered and sought for 
the reason; but he never at any time questioned God's 
righteousness or His right to do with him as He 
pleased. He complained and reacted, as all humanity 
reacts under sore trial, by asking God to remove him 
from it, for he said, "It is better for me to die than 
to live." 


life believe that God allows it for the same reason 
the general of an army allows his soldiers to suffer 
at the hands of an enemy. It is because there is a 
terrible conflict in progress and a great victory to 
be won. 

Again some one may feel that the price is too high 
and God is asking too much of His creatures. It does 
appear that the price for sins was too high; but it 
was a fact and some one must pay the price. God never 
asked anything of any of His children which He Himself 
was not willing to bear. (There is no indication that 
God ever asked Job to suffer — Satan inflicted the pun- 
ishment and Job bore it faithfully. ) So He laid the 
final burden upon His own Son and paid the eternal 
price at the highest level: from the THRONE. 

Job's trial was personal and bodily and brought no 
redemption to the fallen race. But Jesus' was both 
bodily and spiritual; for the prophet says, t! He poured 
out his soul unto death." For "his soul was made an 
offering for sin." (Isaiah 53) "Forasmuch then as 
Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm your- 
selves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath 
suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin." (I Peter 
4:1 ) "Who in the days of his flesh, when he had of- 
fered up prayers and supplications with strong crying 
and tears unto him that was able to save him from . 
death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were 
a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he 
suffered; And being made perfect, he becajne the author 
of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him." 
(Hebrews 5:7-9) 

"If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we 
deny him, he also will deny us." (II Timothy 2:12) 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 

Temptation is not an opportunity to sin; it is an 
opportunity td refuse to sin. 

Selected by Susie Sell 



We marvel at the power of God and His creation. It 
seems God is very near to us down here, and everywhere 
we look we see God's handiwork. 

We are approaching our dry season or winter now and 
the sunrises and sunsets are beautiful. No words can 
describe them and we've made the remark how beautiful 
heaven must be, if God makes it that pretty on the 

The sky is filled with stars and planets and they 
seem so near and yet are so far. They twinkle and 
give their light and some of the planets are so bright 
and we watch them as they move, We can see the big 
dipper a short time of each year. We see the southern 
cross, milky way, etc. 

We see lots of big beautiful rainbows in the rainy 
season and they remind us of God's Word and why the 
rainbow was placed in the sky. One of the Mennonites 
saw a rainbow at night when it was full moon and said, 
"That was a wonderful sight!" 

One evening a few months ago we stood outside and 
watched in amazement at the power of God. It was 
lightning in the distance one time after another all 
around us except for a little space in the west. 

We go to the little stream west of the house which 
is lined with palm trees, and there we see God has 
placed the flowers, ferns and trees along the stream. 
The water flows on and on, winding its way through, 
over little, .falls, underground and on down to the 
river. The stream starts from a spring close to the 
south end of our farm. 

We go to the fields and there we can look for miles 
around and see trees, fields, fences wherever we look. 
We are made to realize the vastness of this earth and 
how small man and his abilities are compared to God's. 
Sometimes we see some buildings off in the distance. 

The ground that is still native has grass that God 
has made to grow. He placed trees here and there, and 
sometimes a tree isn't pretty to look at, but in time 


it comes out in full bloom and shares- its beauty. The 
flowers grow in the wide open spaces, some of which 
are so perfect and lovely, and God has placed it all 
there. If God makes the flowers so perfect and cares 
for them how much more He'll take care of us. 

Some places God has placed the trees close together, 
which we call woods and the growth is so thick that you 
have to cut your way through. 

Everything we plant we realize that it T s up to God 
to give it life. We put the seed, plant or tree in the 
ground; we water it, fertilize it and care for it as a 
mother does a baby, but only God can make it grow. 
After they are growing well we just have to pause and 
thank God for keeping them alive. When they begin to 
produce we thank Him for the food from them. I 1 d never 
thought too much about it but when we come to a foreign 
land and start over again it seems we have to depend 
more fully on God for our needs. 

Several months ago before we had garden growing God 
caused a squash vine to come up and grow. We remarked 
how God looks after us and even gives us squash to eat 
that we didn ! t work for. 

We were talking about how good God is to us and He 
gives us this and that and one of our sons said, n God 
will continue to bless us if we 1 re faithful to Him." 
God has promised that in his Word. May we all remain 
faithful to Him and give him thanks for our many 

— Violet and Wade Flora 
Goias, Brazi l 


Saviour, welcome to my heart; 

Possess Thy humble throne; 
Bid every rival, Lord, depart, 

And reign, Christ, alcne. 

The world and Satan I forsake; 

To Thee I all resign; 
My longing heart, Saviour, take, 

And fill with love divine. 
Selected by Susie Wagner Author unknown 



The potencies of that cross dissolve the fatal fas- 
cinations of the world. The power of that same cross 
casts out the prince of this world and signs and seals 
his destiny and doom. Acts 10:38: ". . . God anoint- 
ed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with 
power; who went about doing good, and healing all that 
were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him." 

There is no more fundamental statement than that 
the world is to be renounced by every true disciple of 
Christ, and that to love the world and the things of 
the world puts us in open and standing enmity to God. 

Hebrews 5:6,7: ". * . Thou art a priest for ever 
after the order of Melchisedec. Who in the days of 
his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and suppli- 
cations with strong crying and tears unto him that was 
able to save him from death, and was heard in that he 

Luke 22:44-: "And being in an agony he prayed more 
earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of 
blood falling down to tne ground." Verse 43: "And 
there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strength- 
ening him. " 

This does not mean there were times when Jesus was 
not in earnest while praying rather it indicates that 
in prayer our Lord purposefully exerted Himself — that 
He made the exertion of His soul the stronger — in or- 
der to lie the more securely anchored in His Father. 
For the Scripture literally means that our Lord prayed 
with the more outstretching of His soul. And I think 
this interprets what earnestness in prayer is. 

Now the Bible tells us in Colossians 4:2, "Continue 
in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving; " 
Romans 12:11,12: ". . . Fervent in spirit; serving 
the Lord; Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; 
continuing instant in prayer." Matthew 26:63: ". . . 
And the high priest answered and said unto him, I 
adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us 


whether thou be the Ghrist, the Son of God<- !| Verse 
68: " . • . Prophesy unto us, thou Ghrist, who is he 
that smote thee?" Here there appears a terrible alli- 
ance of earthly authority against the lord Jesus Christ. 

All these bitter experiences depict how the cup He 
will drink is filled, drop by drop, and how draught by 
draught He must empty it again. 

To the Sanhedrin there was this one disturbing fea- 
ture in the Christ: they could not resist His Word. 
The words of Jesus had all those years been an offence 
to the high priests. Those lips from which flowed the 
words of peace had been a stone of offence to the mem- 
bers of the Sanhedrin. Again and again they had want- 
ed to arrest Him, stone and kill Him. But when it 
came to the point, their evil courage failed them. 
- Every time they opposed Him, word for word, they suf- 
fered defeat. To contradict Him face to face, they 
could not; His words were too much for them. 

Because of the relationship of love or friendship 
to the world, we are the enemies of God. There needs 
be no other sin, no other crime but our attachment to 
the world. By that alone, we are the enemies of God. 
The love of the world is hostile to and destructive of 
the love of God. The two cannot co-exist. Hence in 
the Sanhedrin hall of judgment the priests rejected 
the spiritual order of God Himself. 

Our adorable Redeemer, our lovely Lord Jesus, the 
Son of man, maintains the spiritual order of the 
Creator. Only He refused to take the sword in prefer- 
ence to the power of "the Word." God would have Him 
suffer under Pontius Pilate, that we might have the 
sure testimony that all the events of His sufferings 
and death and resurrection were under the guidance of 

The hall of judgment was God's recognition of His 
earthly ministers of justice. (Romans 13:4) It is an 
astounding picture of the humiliation of the Saviour. 
The Lord makes Himself of no reputation; He is judged 
by a creature of His own hand! But this He did that 
• He might establish a house of judgment in the mansion 


of your own hearty and that there might be placed upon 

the. seat of honor the 'Discerner of thoughts »" (Hebrews 

4:12) (To be continued) 

— Raymond Wright sman 

Silver Lake^ Indiana 


Eli the priest, old and blind, was troubled, for Israel 
was in danger; 4000 soldiers had been slain at Ebenezer 
by the Philistines. The army of Israel had remembered 
how the ark of the covenant, the sacred, portable place 
where God met with His people, had gone with Moses and 
with Joshua and how they won their battles. They had 
called to have this sacred ark brought to the battle- 
field, and Eli had been too old to prevent it. His two 
wicked sens, Hophni and Phinehas, who were supposed to 
be priests had gone along. If only Samuel were older! 

Eli sat down out by the wayside where he could lis- 
ten for news. He heard a commotion in the city of 
Shiloh, and soon the Benjamite runner cajne to recount 
the sad events of the second battle. At the appearance 
•f the ark, the Hebrews had given a mighty shout. The 
Philistines saw that the ark was with Israel, and they 
too remembered the stories of the victory of God over 
the Egyptians and His protection of Israel. With the 
ccurage of the desperate they fought their best and 
slew 30,000 of Israel's footmen. Eli's heart sank as 
he told of the death of his two sons. God had warned 
him not to continue to tolerate their hypocrisy and 
greed. God had warned that his whole house would be 
punished. Eli had talked to his sons, but lacked the 
strength and resolve to make them change their ways/ 
It was too late. But what of the ark? The messenger 
told him that it too was taken I This was too much. 
Eli, old and heavy, fell from his seat and died. 

But God was not as worried about the ark as Eli was. 
He had a purpose in this event. The Philistines took 
the ark to Ashdod and set it up in the house of Dagon, 
their. idoi. They knew the ark represented a powerful 
God. Just how powerful He was, they were yet to learn. 

12 ■- .. ■ ..- . -THE PILGRIM. . . , 

The next morning they found the idol fallen on his face 
before the ark of the Lord. So they set him up again, 
likely making sure he was well braced and leveled. But 
the next morning they found him on his face again > this 
time with head and hands cut off by his fall on the 
threshold. Also the people of Ashdod began to suffer 
severe "emerods" — perhaps hemorrhoids or something 
similar. They knew it was because of the ark of the 
Lord, so they; sent it to Gath. But the people of Gath 
began to suffer and die of the same affliction. They 
sent it on to Ekron, a third Philistine city. When the 
same plague came to Ekron, they decided to send it back 
to. Israel. They made : a new cart for the ark, hitched, 
two milk cows to it and shut up their calves at home. 
The cows headed straight for Beth-shemesh across the 
Border in 'Israel. God had brought the ark home again. ' 

What do we learn from this unusual account?* We see 
the power of God working in the affairs of men. We see 
God proving to men His, power superior to His adversary 
in the form of a false god. Let us not make the mistake 
of some who claim to believe that God exists but is not 
interested in us. Nor let us think that God is some 
unreal, impersonal force or hazy being. God is real * 
and He has a real adversary, the devil. Someone sug- 
gested to me once that the devil wants people to believe 
he is not real so he can do his work unnoticed and un- 
blamed. Cne man to whom I mentioned this said, "What 
better disguise 1" 

John, the beloved of the Lord, assures us, "Ye are 
of God, little children, and have overcome them: because 
greater Is he that is In you, than he that is in the 
world. ( I John 4:14) He refers to the two powerful 
beings, One greater that the other; One the very Spirit 
of the living God; the other, the spirit of anti-christ 
or Satan. These are at war and the decisive battle was 
won by Jesus at Calvary where His love for men was proven 
and met the hate of the adversary in the real situation 
of a Reman crucifixion. God's victory is sure, and we 
too can win if we choose to follow Him and obey Him in 
the real issues of our life experiences. We can win 
just like Israel won their battles when they trusted God. 


Eventually all the "Dagons" will have to fall before 
the Lord. Paul writes assurance to the Romans (16:20): 
"And the God cf peace shall bruise Satan under your 
feet shortly, " Now we see him at work and we are not 
ignorant of his devices. He divides, tempts and accuser. 
But we also see the mighty G&d working in the affairs 
of men. He still calls and rules and bestows His grace 
to those who come to Him through Jesus Christ. — L.C. 


Let us remember, day by day, 

That folks we meet along the way 

Who smile and chat and seem so gay 

May walk a road that ! s rough and stern 

And deep within the tears may burn, 

Well hidden from our view. 

Let's always try to be more kind 

As tired hearts grope to courage find — 

Be gentle, friend, and keep in mind 

They fight a battle too. 

How scarce we know another's cares, 
Or feel with him the load he bears, 
Or hear the wrenching, broken prayers 
He whispers to his Lord each day, 
His pleas for strength along the way 
His Father's will to do. 
In searching heart, dear Lord, I find 
To other's woes we're often blind — 
Be gentle, friend, and keep in mind 
He fights a battle too. 

For life is often filled with strain, 
Oft marred by tears the miles we gain, 
With sunny days and days of pain 
Close woven through the fabric here 
And folks deserve a word cf cheer 
Tc lift their hearts anew. 
Perhaps our smile will help them find 
The strength to leave their cares behind 
And try again. Let's keep in mind 
They fight a battle too. 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne, California 



For our next "Historical" series we have chosen to 
print some of the stories and testimonies of the mar- 
tyrs of the past centuries of the Church of Jesus 

Jesus told His disciples, "And ye shall be hated of 
all men for my name's sake; but he that endureth to 
the end shall be saved." (Matthew 10:22) He said fur- 
ther, "They shall put you out of. the synagogues: yea, 
the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think 
that he doeth God service." (John 16:2) But He prom- 
ised them ". . . lo, I am with you alway, even unto 
the end of the world." (Matthew 28:20) These words 
have come true; his people have endured; and He was 
with them all the way. 

Our purpose in this series is not to make the most 
gruesome picture—it is that. But we 'want tc show the 
faith and hope and steadfastness of these Christian 
martyrs through their deepest trials. We want to see 
how they encouraged one another and urged each other 
to be faithful. We want to see also how they calmly 
faced the charges of the authorities of the state and 
the false churcn and how they confidently answered the 
probing questions. The reasons they gave for their 
faith were from the Scriptures which they undoubtedly 
knew well, and the Lord brought to their remembrance 
in their time of trial. Jesus had told His- followers, 
"And wnen they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto 
magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or 
what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say: For 
the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what 
ye ought to say." (Luke 12:11,12) 

We need to see this picture of the past. Ours is 
an age of materialistic ease and unprecedented freedom. 
In our luxury we lose sight of the deprivation of the 
people of God in the past. In our freedom we tend to 
demand our rights which, compared to former centuries, 
are not rights at all but bonus privileges granted by 
a generous government at the demand of an over-indulged 


people. We need to Identify with those who suffered, 
for ours is the same adversary* We need to see the 
overall picture to realize that the privileges and 
luxuries of today are being used by Satan to soften 
God ! s people and entice them to place their affections 
on the things of earth. If we consider this we will 
realize that it is a far more effective tool than the 
forceful methods of the past. 

Most of all, may we see the goodness of God in all 
history — that He provided the better things and im- 
pressed them so vividly upon the hearts of His people 
that neither torture nor deprivation nor death could 
make them count the things of the world more dear. 
May we also be that impressed that materialism and 
ease will also not entice us away in our day. 

test of our selections of this series will come 
from "Martyr's Mirror" written In Holland in the 
1650s by Thlelman J. Van Braght. It is a collection 
of records of just some of the Christian martyrs dur- 
ing the first fifteen centuries. No doubt there have 
been many slain for the faith since then, and it will 
likely continue in some part of the world till Jesus 
comes again. — L.C. 


We, the members of the Old Brethren of our Eastern 
District have chosen October 22 & 23 for a fall Com- 
munion date at the Wakarusa meeting house, and October 
30 for the Communion in Canada near Maple, Ontario, 
the Lord willing. We extend a hearty invitation to 
members and friends to be. with us at that time, 

— Elmer Brovont 


ROYER - ROYER. Rex Royer and Janice Royer were united 
in marriage on September 17 near Goshen, Indiana. 

BED BAKER - A daughter, Christa Jane, born September 21 
to Stanley and Janice Brubaker of Nappanee, Indiana. 



Gcd sees the little sparrow fall, 

It meets His tender view; 
If Gcd so loves the little birds, 

I know He loves me^ too, 

He paints the lily of the field, 

Perfumes each lily bell; 
If He so loves the little flowers, 

I know He loves me well* 

God made the little birds and flowers, 
And all things large and small; 

He'll not forget His little ones, 
I know He loves them all. 

He loves me, too, He loves me, too, 
I know He loves me, toe; 
Because He loves the little things, 
I know He leves me, too, 

— Maria Straub 

Beloved, if God so loved us. we ought also to 
love one another. (I John 4:ll) 

A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one 
another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one 
another. (John 13*34) 


VOL. 24 NOVEMBER, 1977 NO. 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2% 1 1 


Now thank we all our God 
With heart and hands and voices, 
Who wondrous thing's hath done, 
In whom His world rejoices; 
Who from our mother ! s arms 
Hath blessed us on our way 
With countless gifts of love, 
And still is curs today. 

Oh, may this bounteous God 
Through all our life be near us, 
With ever joyful hearts 
And blessed peace to cheer us; 
And keep us in His grace,;. 
And nude us when perplexed, 
And free us from all ills, 
In this world and the next. 

All praise and thanks to God 
The Father now be given., 
The Son end Him who reigns 
With Them in highest heaven. 
The one eternal God, 
Whom earth and heaven adore, 
For thus it was, is now, 
And shall be evermore. 

By Martin Rinckart, 1636 (1586-1649) 
Translated by Catherine Winkworth, 1358 

(See story on page 6.) 

"THE FM1—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Again as we approach the season of Thanksgiving we 
are made to think of the Pilgrim fathers and of that 
first Thanksgiving Day in America, which was appointed 
by Governor Bradford of Plymouth Golony in the autumn 
of 1621 in gratitude for the first harvest in the New 
World. Many hardships had been endured, and many of 
tneir number had died in that first year; yet they 
realized that God had been gracious to them. Since 
that time there has been an observance of a day of 
thanksgiving varying from time to time as to the date. 
However., in recent years it has been provided by a 
joint resolution of Congress that the fourth Thursday 
of November in each year be known as Thanksgiving Bay. 

We believe this to be good and acceptable to God, 
inasmuch as it does remind all men of the source of 
every blessing- The Psalmist exhorts to "Enter into 
his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with 
praise; be thankful unto him, and bless his name* For 
the lord is good; his mere? is everlasting; and his 
truth endure th to all generations. " (Psalms 100; 4,5) 

The Lord has always required that His people should 
be thankful* Under the first or Old Covenant, there 
were special festivals and ceremonies ordained by God 
which were to be a joyful expression of praise and 
thanksgiving to Him for His divine favor and provi- 
dence . 

We find it very easy and quite natural to feel 
grateful tc our fellow man when we realize that we 
have been the recipient of some special favor or bene- 
fit, especially if we know it has come to us through 
great sacrifice on the part of the giver. In this 
respect we are under constant obligation to the Lord 
for salvation through His grace, which we can compre- 
hend only i;u part, and for which it will take eternity 


to thank Him. There are times and circumstances in 
our lives, however, in which we may not feel inclined 
to be as thankful as we should. 

God requires a true and honest heart, and we know 
that He knows all things. Surely it would be unac- 
ceptable to Him for us to pretend to be thankful, 
perhaps even as much as for us to pretend to be humble, 
or righteous, or sorry for our sins and mistakes. 
When we consider how He has manifested His love and 
grace to us through the lord Jesus Christ and has giv- 
en us His Word and the Holy Spirit to comfort and 
guide us, it should not be hard for us to respond with 
gratitude even in adversity. 

The spirit of praise must be cultivated by con- 
stantly reviewing God's love, and as one dear sister 
so often used to say, "Count your blessings." 

There is no better way to do this than to make our- 
selves fully acquainted with the Bible, which is God's 
Word, and through which He speaks to us. 

Through this means we can be brought into full har- 
mony with His will, and through faith can "Give thanks 
always for all things unto God and the Father in the 
name of our Lord Jesus Christ." (Ephesians 5 ;20) Kany 
scriptures could be cited which give beautiful ex- ~ 
pressions of gratitude to God, and we can be thankful 
that we have them and that we can use them as our own 
in praise and thanksgiving. 

"Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift." 
(II Corinthians 9:15.) 

— Marvin Crawmer 

Long Earn, California 


"A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love 
one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love 
one another. By this shall all men know that ye are 
my disciples, if ye have love one to another." (John 


This familiar scripture is just one of the many, 
many instances in which we are told to love. If the 
Gospel can be summed up in a few words, they would be 
centered around this word, "Love". "For God so loved 
the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that 
whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have 
everlasting life." (John 3:16) "And this is his com- 
mandment, That we should believe on the name of his 
Son Jesus Ghrist, and love one another, as he gave us 
commandment." (I John 3:23) "And I have declared unto 
them thy name, and will declare it: that the love 
wherewith thou hast loved me may be in them, and I in 
them." (John 17:26) 

At first I set out to write down and include in this 
article all the scriptures that command or instruct us 
to love. But after filling a paper on both sides and 
another on one side, I gave up the idea of printing 
them all — at least 39 scriptures in the New Testament 
alone and these given in 1 8 different books. 

We are told to love God, to love one another, to 
love the brotherhood, to love in deed and in truth, to 
love our enemies, to love our neighbour, husbands to 
love wives, wives to love husbands, to love our chil- 
dren and by love to serve one another. No commandment 
is emphasized more, given more clearly or said to be 
more important. (In fact, love is the fulfilling 
of the law. Romans 13:10) And yet probably this is the 
commandment most frequently broken. If we would steal 
or tell a lie or cheat someone, these sins are more 
obvious. But if we fail to love, who will know it? We 
may escape immediate discovery in this sin, but it will 
have its effect just as surely as the breaking of any 
of God's laws. And God sees the heart and knows im- 
mediately when we don't love. 

Love is not always spontaneous; perhaps true love is 
never spontaneous or natural because it is one of the 
fruits of the Spirit. What. I mean is that true love is 
the result of the possession of the Spirit of God. It 
does not come unbidden or to an unprepared heart. The 
"eros" love or natural love comes quite spontaneously; 
it attends our physical makeup. Hollywood has played 


up this kind of love or affection to the point where 
many know of no other kind. So when this love flees 
as quickly as it comes, the natural man seems to have 
no recourse and no choice but to accept it. Divorce 
of husband and wife and alienation of close chums are 
the results of the failure of this love. It depends 
on the lovability of the other party. 

But divine love — agape love — is not this way. Pos- 
sessing this love, man can love those who are not lov- 
able and who do not love in return. Husbands and 
wives, and brethren and sisters can have this deep en- 
during love for each other even when the physical at- 
traction grows less and even when there are trespasses. 
It is the love of God — the love God has for us that 
resulted in the giving of His only begotten Son that 
we might believe and have everlasting life. Jesus 
says to 'love "as I have loved you, that ye also love 
one another." 

In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus says "For if ye 
love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not 
even the publicans the same?" We can love our enemies 
if we have the love of God. And we can love our 
friends who we think have betrayed us. We can love 
those who seem to get all the "glory" and attention 
and leave us in the background. And we can love and 
help those who would never have opportunity to return 
the love. 

The holy kiss is an expression or a symbol of this 
love. It is to be given as a greeting in love and in 
no other case, hay we not use It or refuse it lightly. 

We are known by cur actions and customs or our 
"fruits". Each group of Christians seems to have some 
specialty — something to make it stand a little dis- 
tinct from other groups in the denominational picture 
of our day. Many, including ours, claim to follow the 
Word exclusively and completely — to preach the "full 
Gospel". May our specialty become more and more "the 
new commandment". As we have been particular to fol- 
low the details of Jesus' other directions — may we be 
careful to obey to the letter and by the Spirit this 
new commandment. For Jesus says that by this all men 


will know that we are His disciples — taught and care- 
fully trained at His feet, hay- it be said- of us as it 
was of the early Christians^ "Behold how they love one 
another. fr — L. C. 

NOW THANK ViE ALL OUR GOD (cover poem) 

It was best that Martin Rinckart had no prophet 1 s 
foresight when he came as pastor to Eilenberg, Saxony, 
in the early l600*s. If he could have glimpsed what 
horrors lay ahead , he might well have doubted his own 

The Thirty Years War had not been going long before 
it brought a flood of refugees into the city. To make 
matters worse, a malignant fever broke out. Before the 
epidemic had subsided, it had claimed over 8000 victims. 

The scenes that accompanied the plague must have 
been like some fearful nightmare. Pastor Rinckart was 
the only clergyman available; all the others had fled 
the stricken community. But he stood by his people 
and did not shrink from his duty. 

Undaunted by the heavy mortality, tireless in 
spirit, this lonely pastor labored until he was ready 
to drop from exhaustion. In one year he is said to 
have taken charge of more than 4000 burials. 

When the dread sickness finally abated, a widespread 
wave of thanksgiving rose in many hearts. It was then, 
moved by that universal feeling^ that the good pastor 
wrote his majestic hymn, "Nun Danket Alle Gott" — "Now 
Thank We All Our God" to mark Eilenberg 1 s deliverance. 
Because it carried with it the memory of one city ! s 
surviving a war ! s worst horrors, It was adopted all 
over Germany as a solemn thanksgiving. 

Then, in 1858, the hymn found a sudden, new popular- 
ity In English-speaking countries. This was the year 
Catherine Winkworth, famous for her translations of 
great Lutheran hymns, gave the world the familiar 
version that Is now known so well. 

(Condensed from the story in The Church Correspondent ) 




Matthew 16:24,25: "Then said Jesus unto his dis- 
ciples, If any man will come after m 9 let him deny 
himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. For 
whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and who- 
soever will lose his life for my sake shall find it." 

Jesus came to "destroy the works of the devil." 
(I John 3:8) He broke the devil's power, and He prom- 
ises that the gates of hell shall not prevail against 
His Church. (Matthew 16:18) 

This promise of our Lord stands against every sa- 
tanic device and assault. But this immutable word as 
to the glorious outcome does not protect the church 
from the devil 1 s stratagems which may, and often do, 
pervert the aims of the church and postpone the day 
of its final triumph. 

The strong hands of men of great ability and men 
with the powers of leadership have often displaced 
God*s leadership. The ambition for leadership and 
the enthronement of man's leadership is the doom and 
seal of apostasy. There is no leadership in God's 
church but the leadership of the Holy Spirit. 

At Calvary Satan learned the power of the pure, 
unadulterated Truth. There, too, we learn, "The truth 
shall make you. free." All victory, then, must begin 
with faith and continue with faith 1 . For faith crushes 
the head of the serpent (Satan) that rears its ugly 
fangs in our hearts to make us doubt! Faith bears 
witness to the Truth, as it is in Jesus. 

"Wherefore he is able also to save them to .the ut- 
termost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever 
liveth to make intercession for them." (Hebrews 7:25) 

Not only did He take care of our guilt at Calvary; 
He imparted to us the victory that overcomes all sin. 
For faith is the victory! The power is His, but it 
is unto all them that believe. 

The Son of God not only creates life but restores 
it. "... The hour is coming, in the which all that 
are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come 


forth; they that have dene good, unto the resurrection 
of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resur- 
rection of damnation. " (John 5:28,29) Now Hebrews 
7:22 says, "By so much was Jesus made a surety of a 
better testament." 

His decease at Jerusalem was accomplished! Indeed 
this alone is our hope and our salvation; Jeaus is our 
surety. Hebrews 7:22 points definitely to One Who 
appears before God for us and executes our affairs 
with the Holy One. 

He is our High Priest, surpassing all other priests 
in that He is the complete surety for all believers. 
He is the Head of the body, and every believer a mem- 
ber of His body; each was planted with Him, and each 
raised up with Him. All are united eternally with 
their Saviour; they are one with Him. He is our 
surety, and if this is not enough to put your soul at 
rest, think of the price He paid to become your surety. 

For this reason the blood of Christ speaks so much 
better than that of Abel. (Hebrews 12:2/4) Cain was 
brought to judgment because Abel ! s blood cried out 
unto God against him. But the blood of Jesus, our 
surety, pleads for our salvation. 

From Calvary's hill there arises the voice of our 
Saviour in His shed blood. It is that blood that 
bears witness to the fact that He made His soul an 
offering for sin, for our sin. Judgment was finished! 
Sin may be cancelled because His blood speaks to God 
and to man. 

Our Surety appears in heaven for us, the evidence 
of a completed redemption through His shed blood. 
Ephesians 1:4 says "... that we should be holy and 
without blame before him in love. 

How comforting to know these great truths concerning 

Colossians 2:14: "Blotting out the handwriting of 
ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to 
us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his 
cross." Golossians 1:21,22: "And you . . . hath he 
reconciled In the body of his flesh through death, to 


present you holy and unblameable and unre prove able in 
his sight," 

Sinners will always rejoice to see that fountain 
drawn from Immanuel 1 s veins! 

There is a fountain filled with blood, 

Drawn from Immanuel 1 s veins; 
And sinners plunged beneath that flood, 

Lose all their guilty stains. 

— Raymond Wrightsman 
Silver Lake, Indiana 


The person in the market for a Bible today has an 
ever increasing possibility for finding a version that 
says just what he would like to hear it say. In fact, 
he has the opportunity of choosing a Bible written in 
old English or any of dozens written in modern English, 
He can choose one written in street language complete 
with slang terms or one illustrated with contemporary 
art. And the longer he waits to buy, the wider his 
selection becomes. 

We as a people have as a whole rejected the multi- 
plicity of modern versions available today in favor of 
the traditional King James Version. Some have felt 
that holding to an older version is unwarranted and 
unnecessary, and others have felt that the rash of 
modern versions is the devil r s work to promote a 
watered-down Gospel. 

What is, the proper attitude? Why do we cling to 
the King James Version? Should not we be .reviewing 
the newer versions so that we are qualified to make 
recommendations to our people? Would not the newer 
versions be helpful for those persons needing a more 
simple presentation of truth? 

In answer to these questions, I would like to give 
a number of reasons why I believe we should continue to 
hold to the King James Version and reject the many ver- 
sions on the market today. 


The King James Version is a time-proven version. 
During the past .3j> centuries of its use, it has proven 
to be understandable, clear, and accurate- Numbers of 
the later versions have been acclaimed to be the "best" 
only to be replaced by a "better one". Folks who re- 
gard the word of some scholars as the final word on 
the subject are on very insecure ground. 

We need to be united and consistent In what we use. 
If we begin to switch whenever a "better one" comes on 
the market, we will not know which one to memorize. 
It can become confusing even to use a different ver- 
sion in private study. And, actually, the rhythmic 
language of the King James Version is a help rather 
than a hindrance to memorization;. 

The language of the King James Version is of better 
literary quality than the majority of modern versions. 
The translators working on the Revised Standard Version 
write in Its preface, "The KJV has with good reason 
been termed the noblest monument of English prose." 
Our language should reflect t. holy reserve rather than 
follow slang- saturated contemporary English. The ar- 
chaic English of the King James Version is often given 
as a serious disadvantage because it is just too dif- 
ficult to be understood. The actual facts prove the 
exact opposite. It is the simple and unlearned people 
who seemingly are able to understand it the best. Who 
are the people who are presently practicing a literal 
obedience to the Word? Is it not the ones who are us- 
ing a version that supposedly cannot be understood? 
Why has not the rash of modern versions produced a 
greater obedience to truth? No matter what form it 
take s , divine truth cannot be made palatable to the 
natural mind. 

Attention should be given to obsolete words in our 
Christian day schools. We would not object to updating 
words to modern meanings, but it would be reckless to 
change to another version to make one thing easier to 
understand while making one hundred things more diffi- 

The King James Version is based on manuscripts that 

are more sound. Mentioning this fact usually brings a 


cry of objection from the advocates of modern versions . 
But let us look at some reasons why we believe this 
statement is correct. God has preserved His Word . 
through the centuries. God alone should get the cred- 
it and not a false church. If God could give the Word, 
He could preserve it. On the basis of this fact , I 
could not believe that the genuine truth was suddenly 
discovered in the middle of the nineteenth century af- 
ter being hidden from the world for centuries. Sever- 
al manuscripts considered older than any others used 
in translating prior to the middle of the nineteenth 
century were discovered at that time. This resulted 
in the revision of the accepted manuscripts used as 
the "original" text. The result of that was the rash 
of versions with us today. The basic reason given for 
the revision of the traditional Greek text was that it 
was not so old as those discovered in the mid nine- 
teenth century and therefore not so good. That is 
somewhat of a strange theory because already In Paul r s 
time spurious copies of the Scriptures were being cir- 
culated, (II Corinthians 2:17; Galatians 1:6) If 
modern scholars found one of these, it would no doubt 
be considered better than we presently have because it 
would be older. Our confidence in knowing we have the 
Word as it was -originally given rests in a God Who was 
able to preserve the Wcrd. Actually, the references 
of many modern versions minimizing the deity of Christ 
and so forth come directly from the revised Greek text. 
We are told that In virtually every instance where the 
revised text differs from the traditional Greek text 
on the deity of Christ, it minimizes it. (And it dif- 
fers at many points.) This causes some serious ques- 
tions as to the origin and soundness of these manu- 
scripts. The texts considered the oldest come from 
the third and fourth centuries, a period known as the 
Arian period of church history, when' many were denying 
the deity of Christ. These facts (and others not men- 
tioned here), when looked at as a whole, strongly sug- 
gest that the King James Version, based on the text 
used by the faithful for centuries, has actually a 


better textual foundation than the contemporary modern 

The King James Version is a bulwark of protection 
against the subtle additions and subtractions of the 
modernists. This thought follows right in the wake of 
the previous one. One of the pluses for the King 
James Version is that it was translated by command for 
accuracy and not to support a doctrinal position. The 
two main revisers of the 1881 Greek text were classed 
as modernists by their contemporaries and thus unsafe 
to handle the Scriptures. It is evident that many of 
the changes which make modern versions unacceptable 
today actually are accurate translations of a Greek 
text that is unsound. So, since the Word of Truth 
does not change, it is well for us to stay with a 
version that has made us wise to salvation and has 
become loved by many for centuries. 

By Glenn Sensenig 

in The Christian Contender 


We were made to rejoice once more with the Heavenly 
Beings when Elizabeth Beery requested Christian Baptism 
which was administered October 6, 1977. (Indiana- 
Ohio Congregation) 

— Elmer Brovont 


Stanley K. Bru baker 22777 S.R. 119 

Goshen, Indiana 46526 

Albert & Carol Ernst Family: 

Naomi, H&nnah , Sarah, Esther, Lydia 

As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, 
so walk ye in him: Rooted and built up in hito, and 
stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abound- 
ing therein with thanksgiving. (Colossians 2:6,7) 



Persecution and martyrdoms began. early in the his- 
tory of the Church of Jesus Christ. Apparently Stephen, 
one of the seven deacons chosen at Jerusalem, was the 
first to give- his life less than two years after Jesus 
was crucified. He reasoned with the Jews with wisdom 
and the power of the Spirit and they were not able to 
resist this Spirit. "They were cut to the heart, and 
they gnashed on him with their teeth." "And they 
stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord 
Jesus, receive my spirit." 

Fox reports, "Upon this a great persecution was 
raised against all who professed their belief in Christ 
as the Messiah, or as a prophet. We are immediately 
told by St. Luke, that * there was a great persecution 
against the church which was at Jerusalem; 1 and that 
'they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions 
of Judea and Samaria, except the apostles. 1 About two 
thousand Christians, with Nieanor, one of the seven 
deacons, suffered martyrdom during the 'persecution 
that arose about Stephen.'" Ho doubt S<*ul was respon- 
sible for much of this. Acts 9:1,2 says, "And Saul, 
yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against 
the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, 
And desired of him letters to Damascus to the syna- 
gogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they 
were men or women, he might bring them bound unto 

James, the son of Zebedee and brother of John, was 
the next martyr of whom we have a record in The Acts. 
"Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth 
his hands to vex certain of the church. And he killed 
James the brother of John with the sword." (Acts 12: 
1,2) Ancient writers report that the executioner was 
converted and was beheaded with James about ten years 
after the death of Stephen. 


The accounts of the deaths of the rest of the apos- 
tles must be taken from ancient records and traditions, 
and there is some conflict in these. We will recount 
briefly the fate of each as nearly as we can reconcile 
• the records in Martyr * s Mirror and Fox ! s Book of 
Martyr s . 

Philip was slain about 54 A. D. at Heliopolis in 
Phrygia by idolaters. He was either stoned or beaten 
and crucified after having labored in Syria and the 
upper part of Asia. 

James, the son of Alpheus, was overseer of the 
church at Jerusalem for 30 years. At the age of 94 he 
was thrown from a pinnacle of the temple after refus- 
ing to deny the Lord but confessing Him before the as- 
sembled crowd. The fall failed to kill him but he was 
stoned and clubbed to death. 

Matthias, of whom little is known, was stoned and 
beheaded at Jerusalem. 

Andrew preached the Gospel in many countries of 
Asia. At Patras in Achaia many were converted includ- 
ing the wife of the governor. He threatened Andrew 
with crucifixion but he replied, "Had I feared the 
death of the cross, I should not have preached the 
majesty and gloriousness of the cross of Christ." It 
is reported that he was crucified on an X shaped cross 
and hung for tnree days before he expired. 

Peter was told by Jesus that he would be slain. 
(See Acts 21:18,19) He was supposedly sentenced to 
death at Rome by Nero. He requested to be crucified 
with his head down claiming he i^as unworthy to be 
crucified like Jesus. 

Paul was also slain in the persecution by Nero. He 
was beheaded outside Rome about 69 A.D. 

Jude called Thaddeus preached in Mesopotamia, Syria, 
Arabia and Persia. He ■ was slain at Edessa about 72 
A.D. either by beating or crucifixion. 

Bartholomew labored in India and translated the 
Gospel of Matthew into that language. He was beaten 
and crucified by idolaters. 

Thomas preached in Parthia and India and was slain 
with a spear after having been burned. 


Simon Zelotes was crucified after having preached 
the Gospel in Egypt , Gyrene, Africa, Mauritania, Lybia 
and the islands of Britain. 

Matthew preached in Parthia and Ethiopia and re- 
portedly was nailed to the ground and beheaded. 

John was the only one of the apostles who was not 
martyred. It is reported that an unsuccessful attempt 
was made to take his life. After this he was banished 
to the Isle of Patmos where he wrote the book of 
Revelation about 97 A.D. He died at Ephesus, the 
great center of Christianity in Asia where he had been 
bishop before his banishment. 

"Barnabas was martyred at Salanina on Cyprus by be- 
ing dragged out of the city and burned. 

Mark was martyred the same way at Alexandria about 
64 A.D. 

Luke, besides his travels with Paul, preached in 
Greece where he was slain by being hanged on an olive 

The list goes on and on. What they endured, only 
God knows. May their example never be forgotten by 
us in the days of peace, prosperity and materialism. 


Saviour, welcome to my heart; 

Possess Thy humble throne; 
Bid every rival. Lord, depart, 

And reign, Christ, alone. 

The world and Satan 1 forsake; 

To Thee I all resign; 
My longing heart, Saviour, take, 

And fill with love divine. 

may I never turn aside, 

Nor from Thy bosom flee; 
Let nothing here my heart divide, 

I give it all to Thee. 

— Author unknown 

Selected by Susie Wagner 



Thanksgiving Day is a special day set aside each 
year by cur government tc be thankful to God for all 
His blessings to us. God wants us to be thankful all 
the time and He tells us this in His Ford. Fill the 
blanks in these scriptures about thanksgivings 

1. Enter into his with thanksgiving, and in- 
to his courts with : be unto 

him, and bless his name. (Psalm 100:4) 

2. Sing unto the Lord with ; sing 

praise upon the unto our God; ( Psalm 147*7) 

3. Be careful for nothing; but in 

by and supplication with thanksgiving 

let your be made knrwn unto God. 

(Philipians 4:6) 

41 For every creature of God is , and nothing 

to be 9 if it be received with . 

(I Timothy 4:4) 

Our parents teach us to say ,T thank you ,r when some- 
one does something for us or gives us a gift. How 
much more should we thank God for all He does for us I 
See how many things you can name to thank God for 
today. -L.C.* 


VOL. 24 DECEMBER, 1977 NO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Jesus my Saviour to Bethlehem came. 
Born in a manger to sorrow and shame; 
Oh, it was wonderful — blest be His name I 
Seeking for me, for me 1 Seeking for me I 

Jesus my Saviour, on Gal vary T s tree, 
Paid the great debt and my soul He set free; 
Oh, it was wonderful — how could it be? 
Dying for me, for me I Dying for me! 

Jesus my Saviour, the same as of old, 
While I was wandering afar from the fold, 
Gently and long did He plead with my soul, 
Calling for me, for me I Calling for me I 

Jesus my Saviour shall come from on high; 
Sweet is the premise as weary years fly; 
Oh, I shall see Him descending the sky, 
Coming for me, for mei Coming for me I 

Author unknown 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


When Jesus was born in Bethlehem He opened His eyes 
on a world only partly prepared to receive Him. Jshn 
1:10-12 says: "He was in the world, and the world was 
made by him, and the world knew him not. He came unto 
his own, and his own received him not. But as many as 
received him, to them gave he power tc become the sons 
of God, even tc them that believe on his name," 

There were some who were waiting and praying for 
His coming. And there were those who met His birth 
with alarm and retaliation as they thought of the 
threat of a new King to their positions of authority. 
We would like to turn our attention to a few outstand- 
ing characters who were waiting for Him and received 
Him when He came as Savior and Lord — promised Messiah 
and King of Kings. 


-Here was a devout priest and his wife — both of the 
family of Aaron. Luke describes them this way: "And 
they were both righteous before God, walking in all 
the .commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless," 
They were old and childless but faithful, and God 
chose them as the parents of John the Baptist — the one 
who announced and pointed out and baptized "the Lamb 
of God that taketh away the sin of the world." The 
angel Gabriel told these parents they would have a 
child, and though they were greatly surprised and 
Zacharias doubted the angel, yet they became willing 
instruments in God ! s plan. Mien Mary came to Elisabeth, 
she did not need to tell her why she came. The Holy 
Ghost filled Elisabeth and she cried out, "Blessed art 
thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy 
womb. . ." 



This beautiful character — a young Jewish girl of 
the f ami It of King David — also received a visit from 
the angel Gabriel. He told her news that might have 
alarmed a girl less submissive. She was to conceive a 
child from God — Jesus, the Son of the Highest* How 
could it be without a husband? With God nothing shall 
be impossible . This would be by the power of the Holy 
Ghost, Mary ! s answer shows her readiness to obey and 
follow God: " Behold the handmaid of the Lord: be It 
unto me according to thy word. 11 Read her song of 
praise and joy In Luke 2:46-55- 


Here was a just, man 5 a son of David^ who also was 
obedient and submissive to his position in God's plan. 
God revealed to Joseph through an angel what He would 
do to bring the Saviour to the world — how this Saviour 
would be born of a virgin, Joseph's intended wife. 
After the message of the angel, Matthew records^ "Then 
Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the 
Lord had bidden him,, and took unto him his wife." He 
became the protector and foster father of this child 
from God. V T hen danger threatened Jesus 1 life the an* 
gel again directed Joseph and told him to take the 
child and mother to Egypt. "When he arose, he took 
the young child and his mother by nighty and departed 
into Egypt." He also returned ^ obedient to' an'other 


Ye are not told the character of those shepherds ex- 
cept that they were in their place tending their sheep. 
And then their devotion and welcome is proven after 
they received the message of the angel. "Fear not: 
for , behold s I bring you good tidings of great joy, 
which shall be to all people. For unto you is born 
this day in the city of David a Saviour^, which is 
Christ the Lord . . ." When they heard 'this news they 
went to Bethlehem and found that it was true. And they 
reported it faithfully. "And when they had seen it, 


they made known abroad the saying which was told them 
concerning this child. 1 ' 


He was an old man, "just and devout, waiting for 
the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon 
him." God had revealed to him that he would live to 
see the Lord's Christ, When he saw Joseph and Mary 
bring the child Jesus into the temple, he knew this 
was the one and held Him in his arms. He prophesied 
to Joseph and Mary about the greatness of the salva- 
tion of God j and told Mary, "Behold, this child is set 
for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and 
* for a sign which shall be spoken against; (Yea, a 
sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that 
the thoughts of many hearts shall be revealed." Like- 
ly Simeon died in peace soon after this. 


Anna was a prophetess of the tribe of Aser, well 
over a hundred years old. She, too, was waiting for 
the Saviour for she recognized Him in the temple as 
Simeon was holding Him. "And she coming in that in- 
stant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake 
of him to all them that looked for redemption in 
Jerusalem." Obviously, there were many others waiting. 


We are among the multitude living in this twentieth 
century. How is it with us? We have heard the news 
of the Saviour born of a virgin as prophesied to bring 
salvation to the world by His suffering, death, resur- 
rection and endless life and power. He has told us He 
is coming again. In our century, too, there are those 
who are waiting and watching for Jesus. 

We are called upon to receive the Saviour into our 
hearts so that He might cleanse us and make us new 
creatures. The characters who received Jesus when He 
was born were those who were waiting for Him and were 
prepared for Him. They actually received Him into the 
world, submissive to God's plan. Let us too receive 


Him and be submissive to God's work in us* It is not 
sufficient to admit that He came. We must even do 
more than confess that He is true and just and that 
He forgives sins. We must actually receive Him into 
our hearts. If we receive Him now, we will be looking 
for Him when He comes to earth again with power and 
great glory. 

"And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but 
after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered 
to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for 
him shall he appear the second time without sin unto 
salvation. " (Hebrews 9:27,28) — L.C. 


"For we brought nothing into this world , and it is 
certain we can carry nothing out. And having food 
and raiment let us be therewith content . But they 
that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare , 
and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown 
men in destruction and perdition. For the love of 
money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted 
after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced 
themselves through with many sorrows. Bat thou, man 
of God, flee these things . . ." (I Timothy 6:6-11) 

As I got awake early this morning and was' meditating 
in God's Word, I felt pressed to write some of the 
thoughts that came across my mind. First, contentment 
without Godliness wouldn't get us very far, but as 
verse 11 ends, it says, n , . . and follow after right- 
eousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness." 

But the subject at hand is contentment / The meaning 
of "content 11 out of our dictionary is: "Having the 
desires limited to that which one has; satisfied. To 
make content, to appease the desires of. " As a child 
I still remember so clearly my dear mother (who has 
now gone to her reward) talking with me out of God T s 
Holy Word, She would say: "It ! s so wonderful to 
learn to have a satisfied and contented mind." Yes, 


I will never forget her admonition of love. We are 
living in a very materialistic world. It seems each 
year there are so many more kinds of toys and items of 
all kinds for every purpose. I believe this Is one 
method of Satan to draw our minds and attention to the 
things of the world, Yes, we are in conflict and bat- 
tle with the flesh and Satan, 

Does the Bible have anything to say about this sub- 
ject? Yes , it has a lot to say: "Love not the world, 
neither the things that are in the world. If any man 
love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 
For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh , 
and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not 
of the Father, but is of the world. And the world 
passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth 
the will of God abideth for ever." (I John 2:15-17) 
"If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things 
which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right 
hand of God. Set your affection on things above, not 
on things on the earth. For ye are dead, and your life 
is hid with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our 
life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him 
in glory. Mortify therefore your members which are 
upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate 
affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which 
is idolatry: For which things' sake the wrath of God 
cometh on the children of disobedience." (Colossians 
3:1-6) "Let your conversation be without covetousness; 
and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath 
said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee." 
(Hebrews 13:5) Paul says in Philippians 4:11: "Not 
that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, 
in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content . " 
Surely, if we are honest with God's Holy Word, we can 
see that God is not pleased with us if we focus too 
much attention on the things of this world, with all 
of its vanities and allurements. I John 5:3,4 says: 
"For this is the love of God, that we keep his command- 
ments: and his commandments are not grievous. For 
whatsoever is born of God over cometh the world: and 


this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our 
faith. » 

Yes ; we need a strong faith to be able to stand. 
What can be done to get us to have our hearts and 
treasures on things above? We feel more study of God's 
Word, more prayer, and more concern shown for the needs 
(natural and spiritual) of our fellow man, and less 
attention to the things of this world. "For if ye live 
after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the 
Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall • live . 
For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are 
the sons of God." (Romans 8:13,14)' 

Written with love and concern, 
Kenneth Garber 
Hughson, California 


"Because that which may be known of God is manifest 
in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the 
invisible things of him from the creation of the world 
are clearly seen, being understood by the things that 
are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that 
they are without excuse." (Romans 1:19,20) 

The teaching here is that God has always spoken to 
men's hearts as man views the wonders of His creation. 
Whether things great or small, the mind of man is chal- 
lenged with an infinite power and skill — so lofty — so 
high — so deep and so far above us — that man senses the 
power of creation and of His divine will and purpose. 

What men call nature is constantly moving, each ob- 
ject in its own cycle of life and movement. Within 
ourselves and without, each movement speaks of Infinite 
design and power. The development of the telescope and 
microscope have served to increase our knowledge of 
God's revealing Himself in creation. 

Modern science tries to explain and to train the 
mind of a child in its formative years, but usually 
manages to block and to turn aside this first revelation 


of God, Many parents refuse to cooperate with God in 
this first impression of the divine power and nature 
of God Himself in the heart and mind of innocence* Be 
warned: "To him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it 
not; to him it is sin." (James 4:17) 

A wise parent takes his cue from the child's ques- 
tioning and seeks to direct the child ' s interest in 
created things to the good and kind Creator of all. 

The parent in teaching the child to work is training 
the young mind, muscles and nerves in work patterns 
that are associated with the power and nature of God, 
We work with Him in the garden by tilling the ground 
and tenderly caring for His life-giving plants and 
trees. The home kitchen becomes His laboratory in the 
preparation of food free from contamination. 

But time must be taken to quietly study the bright 
sunshine and its revealing beauty of living things. 
Also the nightly performance of moon and stars. The 
tug of the unknown is soon felt in the heart and mind 
of a child. The wise parent must be ready to answer 
questions and also to carefully and prayerfully supply 
good words of truth. In such a moment could well be 
life decisions of the child that could easily go wrong. 
They desperately need God's truth at these times. 

At the age of four, God made me to know His Presence 
when alone in a wheat field in Michigan, Christian 
home training made me to know this was "Our Father, Who 
art in Heaven" as I kneeled before Him and in all con- 
fidence repeated this wonderful pattern of prayer, I 
found as I grew that I could not forget this real token 
of God's love for me. 

The revelation of God ' s power in His wonderful 
creation above, beneath, and all about us speaks indeed 
of His eternal power and Godhead, Man instinctively 
searches for God to answer back to this inward tug of 
the soul and mind. 

In His blessed revealing Word we find that God is 
seeking us with an astounding offer to make us His 
child forever. Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ has 
paid the price of our redemption. He was son of man 


and Son of God. God has said, "And let all the angels 
of God worship him." (Hebrews 1:6) 

The term "Godhead" speaks of the nature of God, a 
three in one, one in three , divine , eternal Being, We 
may knowingly speak of "Father, Son, and Holy Spirit." 
It is the will of the Father for us to know His Son, 
and to speak His name, "Jesus" in happy praise and 
earnest prayer; to tell all men of His love in dying 
for man's sin and rising again that we may knowingly 
believe in Him and come to the Father by Him. 

With the sense of the "Eternal Power and Godhead" 
comes also, even in a child, a sexise of wrong and evil 
in the midst of God's creation. A human feeling of 
delayed justice can soon confuse the mind as a contra- 
diction of what has been learned. Christ's death on 
the cross Is the answer. And now as Jesus said in 
John 5:22, "For the Father judgeth no man, but hath 
committed all judgment unto the Son." Jesus also 
said, (John 12:48) "He that rejecteth me, and receiveth 
not my words, hath one that judgeth him; the word that 
I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last 

The wonder of visible things was meant by the 
Creator to draw us to Him in joyful thankfulness. 
Through them we see the great spread of varieties and 
kinds by His hand.. The invisible God has also an in- 
visible heaven with infinitely more and more wonderful 
invisible things. His invisible angels are often 
hovering near us , 

But the words of Jesus are now visible to our eyes 
in printed form. They are a part of God's eternal 
power and Godhead. 

John 6:63, ". • - The words that I speak unto you, 
they are spirit, and they are life." 

Matthew 24:35, "Heaven and earth shall pass away, 
but my words shall not pass away." 

I John 5:20, "And we know that the Son of God Is 
come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may 
know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, 
even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, 
and eternal life*" — James D. Cover 

Modesto, California 



The night was clear: the star shone bright 

And heavenly voices told 
That Jesus Christ our Lord was born 

As prophe-sied of old. 

"You'll find Him wrapped in swaddling clothes 

And in a manger laid. 
Good tidings we are bringing you. 

So do not be afraid." 

He brought us hope and peace and joy 

While on this earth we stay, 
And has prepared for each a place 

In His Father 1 s house some day% 

— Celesta Price 

They borrowed a manger of hay for His head: 

Jesus, my Saviour, 
No soft downy pillow, no warm cradle bed 

For Jesus, my Lord. 

They borrowed a colt — lowly beast for a King: 

Jesus, my Saviour. 
Nc court gave Him honor, no carillons sing 

For Jesus, my Lord. 

He borrowed a room for a Passover feast: 

Jesus, my Saviour. 
Becoming both Servant and Heavenly Priest, 

This Jesus, my Lord. 

They borrowed a tomb for the Crucified One: 

Jesus, my Saviour. 
No monument royal for God T s only Son, 

For Jesus, my Lord. 

His were the planets and stars in the sky; 
His were the valleys and mountains so high; 
His — all earth 1 s riches from pole unto pole, 
But He became poor to ransom my soul. 




There are many rest areas by the side of life's road 
Where we rest on our journey up to Heaven 1 s abode. 
Where we check on our fuel, our oil and our tires, 
Throwing out dirty filters and foolish desires. 

Rest areas are places where we check out our heart, 
Making sure there is nothing to hinder our start, 
Lay aside useless weights, 'twill our journey beset, 
Fill our luggage with patience and love don't forget. 

Rest areas are prayer time where we thank God above 
For His showers refreshing and His peace like a dove, 
Stretch upward our hands, bend stiff, feeble knees; 
Any garbage of hindrance? Throw out all of these. 

If we stop at rest areas we'll find what we need 
And strength-building manna helps to make greater speed, 
Keep our eyes on the roadway, our hands free of guilt; 
We can travel with safety this highway God has built. 

Rest areas refresh you; make the stop every day 
Tc avoid overloading, burned-up fuel, and delay. 
Keep our garments spotless, our lights burning bright; 
Use our roadmap, the Bible; we'll sure travel right. 

If we stop at rest areas, we can stay on our route, 
Not be traveling in darkness or stumbling about; 
Keep our lamp trimmed and burning; watch signals ahead; 
Approaching death's river, there'll be nothing to dread. 

If we stop at rest areas where God answers prayer, 
When we get to death's river, a light will be there; 
Where the. waters are parted, we'll be on our way 
Tc a joyful homecoming, there forever to stay. 

By Ruth Goldman 
Selected by Elma Moss 




In studying the records of the lives of the 
Christian martyrs, It is hard to really accept the 
facts that men could be so cruel to fellow men. In 
our time much of the cruelty is covered by a mask of 
decency, respectability and law and order. But human 
nature does not change, and those who will not be 
children of God through Jesus Christ are still open 
to the possibility of being used by Satan in his vil- 
lainous opposition to God and to His plans to save 
sinful men. 

As a more recent example of the depravity of men 
controlled by Satan, consider the slave trade that 
provided labor for the development of this country 
from the Negro people of Africa. Mendel Peterson in 
National Geographic reports: "Ten million Africans 
or more endured the horrors of long ocean crossings 
to New World mines and fields from the late fifteenth 
through the nineteenth centuries. Early shipments 
supplanted native Americans decimated by disease and 
overwork under the Spanish yoke. Portuguese, English, 
Dutch, and French marauders bought their victims on 
Africa T s west coast, then chained and crammed them 
like cordwood into their ships 1 holds. All told, a 
slaver . . . could carry about 450 men, women, and 
children. The death rate sometimes exceeded twenty 
per cent . . ." The innocent have suffered many times. 

Nero's cruelty was perhaps unequaled. Martyr [ s 
Mirror reports that his atrocities even fell on his 
own friends. ". . .He had his own beloved son 
Britannicus poisoned, and his own mother Agrippina 
cut open, to see the place where he had lain; he had 
his faithful wife, Octavia, put to death with the 
sword, because she was barren; and Seneca, his faith- 
ful teacher, bled to death, and poisoned." His reign 
was the first of ten emperors to persecute the Church. 


This account is from Fox's Book of Martyrs : 

"The first persecution of the church took place in 
the year 67, under Nero, the sixth emperor of Rome. 
This monarch reigned for the space of five years, with 
tolerable credit to himself, but then gave way to the 
greatest extravagancy of temper, and to the most atro- 
cious barbarities. Among other diabolical whims, he 
ordered that the city of Rome should be set on fire, 
which order was executed by his officers, guards, and 
servants. While the imperial city was in flames, he 
went up to the tower of Macaenas, played upon his 
harp, sung the song of the burning of Troy, and openly 
declared that 'he wished the ruin of all things before 
his death. ' ... Several thousands perished in the 
flames . . . 

"This dreadful conflagration continued nine days; 
when Nero, finding that his conduct was greatly 
blamed, and a severe odium cast upon him, determined 
to lay the whole upon the Christians, at once to ex- 
cuse himself, and have an opportunity of glutting his 
sight with new cruelties. This was the occasion of 
the first persecution; and the barbarities exercised 
on the Christians were such as even excited the com- 
miseration of the Romans themselves. Nero even re- 
fined upon cruelty, and contrived all manner of pun- 
ishments for the Christians that the most infernal 
imagination could design. In particular, he had some 
sewed up in skins of wild beasts, and then worried by 
dogs until they expired; and others dressed in shirts 
made stiff with wax, fixed to axletrees, and set on 
fire in his gardens, in order to illuminate them. 
This persecution was general throughout the whole 
Roman .Empire ; but it rather increased than diminished 
the spirit of Christianity. In the course of it, St. 
Paul and St. Peter were martyred." 

Nero ! s persecutions were continued under Domitian 
who began his reign in 81 A.D. St. John was banished 
and Timothy was slain (97 A.D.) under his malicious 
reign. Among many others, one called Urticinus was 
beheaded at Ravenna in 99 A.D. His trial and death 
are recorded in Martyr ' s Mirror , page 98: 


"Next to Timothy is placed Urticinus or Ursinius, a 
physician at Ravenna in Italy. Having been reported 
to the Judge Paulinus, as being a Christian, he was 
tortured in manifold ways for the name of Christ. 
Having borne all with constancy, and still refusing to 
sacrifice to the gods of the heathen, he was finally 
sentenced by the judge, to be beheaded with the ax- 

"When Urticinus received this sentence of death, he 
began to tremble and shake before the impending death, 
and to deliberate with himself, whether he should deny 
Christ, or how he might the most easily escape death. 

"But while he was thus counseling with flesh and 
blood, one of the company of Judge Paulinus, whose 
name was Vitalus, stepped up to him from behind, and 
strengthened him with these words: T My beloved brother 
in Christ, Urticinus, who, as a faithful physician, by 
the potions, didst so often and so happily restore to 
health the sick, take heed, lest by thy denial thou 
plunge thyself into eternal death and damnation. f 

"Through this admonition Urticinus regained such 
courage, that he joyfully prepared for death, and, 
having of his own accord offered his neck to the ax, 
he thus, through the separation of his head from the 
body, came to a godly and noble end." 

The account continues and tells of the fate of 
Vitalus for encouraging Urticinus- He was buried a- 
live and his wife was beaten to death. 

So was fulfilled over and over the words of the 

"Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: 
I came not to send peace, but a sword." (Matthew 10*34) 
The peace He gives is in the hearts of His people and 
between God and His children. There can be no peace 
with the world which is at enmity with God. — L.C. 

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: 
and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his 
name shall fee called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty 
God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. 

Isaiah 9:6 




The coming King of lowly birth, 

Though sent from heaven to dwell on earth; 
Of royal rank and heaven fame, 

Immanuel with us — lovely name. 

He left the royal courts on high, 

He came on earth to live and die 
Upon the cross for sinners lost; 

The richest gift of highest cost. 

"Peace on the earth," the angels sing, 

The loving Lord our coming King, 
To set men free, their sins forgive, 

And show lost sinners how to live- 

Our Father's love so full and free, 

He gave His Son that we may be 
Made free from sin and death and fears, 

And live throughout eternal years. 

Our coming King has gained to fame, 
And King of Kings His newest name; 

He left the grave land's gloomy place 
And brought to us His saving grace. 

Our coming King now reigns on high, 
May soon, descending through the sky, 

Gather .His loved ones as His own, 

And bring them with Him to His Throne. 

— Joseph I. Cover 
December 13, 1961 

Of the increase cf his government and peace there 
shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his 
kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment 
and with justice from henceforth even for ever, The 
zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this. 

—Isaiah 9:7 



Do you see any familiar names in the two long lists 
in Matthew 1 and Luke 3? You probably remember the 
stories cf Abraham, Isaac, and Jacobs and probably those 
of Noah j of David and Solomon, You might even remember 
Boaz and Ruth — and> of course > Adam, All those names 
are recorded in the New Testament to show the ancestors 
of Jesus. The account in Matthew tells the names from 
Abraham to Jesus, The account in Luke starts with 
Jesus and traces His grandfather , great grandfather , 
etc. right back to Adam, These lists are "genealogies. 11 

"When Jesus was born to Mary in Bethlehem, His birth 
was the fulfillment of many prophecies. One group cf 
prophecies told of His place in the family of King 
David and His right to be the King of Israel, Listing 
tSaese names shows that He was born in this Kingly line. 
The genealogy in Matthew is thought to be the family 
of Joseph, the "foster father" of Jesus. (God is Jesus 1 
real Fa there) The names in Luke 3 a^es thought to be 
Mary' s ancestry given in the name of her husband , 
Joseph, as was the Jewish custom. 

Genealogies were important to the Jewish people 
because these were the proof cf their places In the 
privileged nation of Israel. All who were not in this 
nation were called Gentiles, Gentiles, then, were out- 
side this nation that God had called to be His people. 
But new God invites all to come to Him through Jesus 
and be part of His privileged family under the New 
Covenant. This is called the Church of Jesus Christ, 
and we can all belong to It no matter who our ancestors 
were, if we believe and obey Jesus. — L.C. 


19201 Cherokee Rd. 
Tuolumne, Calif.